Edition 
2nd ed 
Descript 
1 electronic text (xx, 663 p.) : digital file 
Note 
Includes bibliographical references (p. 642643) and index 

List of symbols  

1. Engineering units and pressure in static fluids  1.1 Origins of engineering units  1.2 Concept of pressure  1.3 Measurement of pressure  1.4 Pressure in incompressible fluids  1.5 Buoyancy  1.6 Summary  Problems  

2. Momentum transport and laminar flow of Newtonian fluids  2.1 Introduction  2.2 Newton's lax of viscosity  2.3 Conservation of momentum in steadystate flow  2.4 Fluid flow between two flat parallel plates  2.5 Fluid flow down in inclined plane  2.6 Fluid flow in a vertical cylindrical tube  2.7 Capillary flowmeter  2.8 Fluid flow in an annulus  2.9 Mean residence time  2.10 Calculation of viscosity from the kinetic theory of gases  2.11 Viscosities of liquid metals  2.12 Summary  Problems  

3. Equations of continuity and conservation of momentum and fluid flow past submerged objects  3.1 Introduction  3.2 Equation of continuity  3.3 Conservation of momentum  3.4 NavierStokes equation for fluids of constant density and viscosity  3.5 Fluid flow over a horizontal flat plane  3.6 Approximate integral method in obtaining boundary layer thickness  3.7 Creeping flow past a sphere  3.8 Summary  Problems  

4. Turbulent flow  4.1 Introduction  4.2 Graphical representation of fluid flow  4.3 Friction factor and turbulent flow in cylindrical pipes  4.4 Flow over a flat plate  4.5 Flow past a submerged sphere  4.6 Flow past a submerged cylinder  4.7 Flow through packed beds  4.8 Fluidized beds  4.9 Summary  Problems  

5. Mechanical energy balance and its application to fluid flow  5.1 Introduction  5.2 Bernoulli's equation  5.3 Friction loss, Ef  5.4 Influence of bends, fittings, and changes in the pipe radius  5.5 Concept of head  5.6 Fluid flow in an open channel  5.7 Drainage from a vessel  5.8 Emptying a vessel by discharge through an orifice  5.9 Drainage of a vessel using a drainage tube  5.10 Emptying a vessel by drainage through a drainage tube  5.11 Bernoulli equation for flow of compressible fluids  5.12 Pilot tube  5.13 Orifice plate  5.14 Summary  Problems  

6. Transport of heat by conduction  6.1 Introduction  6.2 Fourier's law and Newton's law  6.3 Conduction  6.4 Conduction in heat sources  6.5 Thermal conductivity and the kinetic theory of gases  6.6 General heat conduction equation  6.7 Conduction of heat at steady state in two dimensions  6.8 Summary  Problems  

7. Transport of heat by convection  7.1 Introduction  7.2 Heat transfer by forced convection from a horizontal flat plate at a uniform constant temperature  7.3 Heat transfer from a horizontal flat plate with uniform heat flux along the plate  7.4 Heat transfer during fluid flow in cylindrical pipes  7.5 Energy balance in heat transfer by convection between a cylindrical pipe and a flowing fluid  7.6 Heat transfer by forced convection from horizontal cylinders  7.7 Heat transfer by forced convection from a sphere  7.8 General energy equation  7.9 Heat transfer from a vertical plate by natural convection  7.10 Heat transfer from cylinders by natural convection  7.11 Summary  Problems  

8. Transient heat flow  8.1 Introduction  8.2 Lumped capacitance method; Newtonian cooling  8.3 NonNewtonian cooling in semiinfinite systems  8.4 NonNewtonian cooling in a onedimensional finite systems  8.5 NonNewtonian cooling in a twodimensional finite systems  8.6 Solidification of metal castings  8.7 Summary  Problems  

9. Heat transport by thermal radiation  9.1 Introduction  9.2 Intensity and emissive power  9.3 Blackbody radiation  9.4 Emissivity  9.5 Absorptivity, reflectivity, and transmissivity  9.6 Kirchhoff's law and the Hohlraum  9.7 Radiation exchange between surfaces  9.8 Radiation exchange between blackbodies  9.9 Radiation exchange between diffusegray surfaces  9.10 Electric analogy  9.11 Radiation shields  9.12 Reradiating surface  9.13 Heat transfer from a surface by convection and radiation  9.14 Summary  Problems  

10. Mass transport by diffusion in the solid state  10.1 Introduction  10.2 Atomic diffusion as a randomwalk process  10.3 Fick 's first law of diffusion  10.4 Onedimensional nonsteadystate diffusion in a solid; Fick's second law of diffusion  10.5 Infinite diffusion couple  10.6 Onedimensional diffusion in a semiinfinite system involving a change of phase  10.7 Steadystate diffusion through a composite wall  10.8 Diffusion in substitutional solid solutions  10.9 Darken's analysis  10.10 Selfdiffusion coefficient  10.11 Measurement of the interdifussion coefficient: BoltzmannMatano analysis  10.12 Influence of temperature on the diffusion coefficient  10.13 Summary  Problems  

11. Mass transport in fluids  11.1 Introduction  11.2 Mass and molar fluxes in a fluid  11.3 Equations of diffusion with convection in a binary mixture AB  11.4 Onedimensional transport in a binary mixture of ideal gases  11.5 Equimolar counterdiffusion  11.6 Onedimensional steadystate diffusion of gas A through stationary gas B  11.7 Sublimation of a sphere into a stationary gas  11.8 Film model  11.9 Catalytic surface reactions  11.10 Diffusion and chemical reaction in stagnant film  11.11 Mass transfer at large fluxes and large concentrations  11.12 Influence of mass transport on heat transfer in stagnant film  11.13 Diffusion into a falling film of liquid  11.14 Diffusion and the kinetic theory of gases  11.15 Mass transfer coefficient and concentration boundary layer on a flat plate  11.16 Approximate integral method  11.17 Mass transfer by free convection  11.18 Simultaneous heat and mass transfer: evaporate cooling  11.19 Chemical reaction and mass transfer: mixed control  11.20 Dissolution of pure metal A in liquid B: mixed control  11.21 Summary  Problems  

12. Condensation and boiling  12.1 Introduction  12.2 Dimensionless parameters in boiling and condensation  12.3 Modes of boiling  12.4 Pool boiling correlations  12.5 Summary  Problems  

Appendix A. Elementary and derived SI units and symbols  Appendix B. Prefixes and symbols for multiples and submultiples of SI units  Appendix C. Conversion from British and U.S. units to SI units  Appendix D. Properties of solid metals  Appendix E. Properties of nonmetallic solids  Appendix F. Properties of gases at 1 Atm pressure  Appendix G. Properties of saturated liquids  Appendix H. Properties of liquid metals  Recommended readings  Answers to problems  Index 

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In their classic text, Transport Phenomena, Bird, Stewart. and Lightfoot state their opinion that the subject of transport phenomena should rank along with thermodynamics, mechanics, and electromagnetism as one of the "key engineering sciences." This thought was not shared by many traditional metallurgists, and diffusion in the solid state was the only aspect of transport phenomena included in many traditional university metallurgy curricula. However, as metallurgists transformed themselves into materials scientists and engineers, and the artificial barriers between the various engineering disciplines were lowered, the materials engineers began to see the truth in the opinion of Bird, Stewart, and Lightfoot. The major difference, however, between the first and this edition is that this edition contains an additional chapter, Chapter 12, titled "Boiling and Condensation." The material presented in this chapter is particularly important in view of the current interest in Renewal Energy Resources involving such devices as windmills and solar panels. Developments in this field require a thorough familiarity with the phenomena and mechanisms of boiling and condensation 

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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, MI : ProQuest, 2015. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest affiliated libraries 

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Print version: 1606503553
9781606503553

Subject 
Materials  Transport properties


Materials  Fluid dynamics


Mass transfer


Heat  Transmission


Thermodynamics of Materials


High Temperature Kinetics


Transport Phenomena


Materials Processing


Electronic books
