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040    MiAaPQ|beng|erda|epn|cMiAaPQ|dMiAaPQ 
050  4 HE195.5.A35 -- T47 2009eb 
082 0  388/.049 
100 1  Bank, World 
245 10 Transport Prices and Costs in Africa :|bA Review of the 
       Main International Corridors 
264  1 Herndon :|bWorld Bank Publications,|c2008 
264  4 |c©2009 
300    1 online resource (166 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
505 0  Contents -- Foreword -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -
       - Chapter 1 Introduction and Overview -- Past Research on 
       Transport Prices and Costs -- Scope and Methodology of 
       This Study -- Analysis of the Transport Environment -- 
       Policy Recommendations -- Notes -- Chapter 2 Trucking in 
       Africa Compared with Other Regions -- Global Comparisons -
       - Regional Perspectives -- Market Regulation, Competition,
       and Prices in the Trucking Industry -- Notes -- Chapter 3 
       Key Logistics and Market Characteristics of the Transport 
       Corridors -- West Africa -- Central Africa -- The Northern
       Corridor in East Africa -- The North-South Corridor in 
       Southern Africa -- Notes -- Chapter 4 Main Determinants of
       Transport Prices and Trucking Profitability -- 
       Heterogeneity of Transport Prices in Africa -- The 
       Importance of Rail Competition for Road Freight Prices -- 
       Profitability Determinants -- Notes -- Chapter 5 The 
       Impact of Cartels on Transport Prices and Quality -- 
       Impact of Freight-Sharing Schemes -- Truck Age and 
       Utilization -- Cartels -- Fleet Size -- Notes -- Chapter 6
       Transport Costs Determinants -- Typology of Trucking 
       Companies in Africa -- Operating Costs in the Subregions -
       - The Importance of Variable Costs -- Breakdown of Fixed 
       Costs -- Public Procedures and the Opportunity Cost of 
       Delays -- Notes -- Chapter 7 The Impact of Road Conditions
       on Transport Costs -- Road Conditions in the Study 
       Corridors -- How Road Conditions Affect Operating Costs --
       Notes -- Chapter 8 The Trucking Market in Africa: 
       Perceptions and Reality -- Chapter 9 Assessment of Policy 
       Options -- Policies for West and Central Africa -- 
       Policies for East Africa -- Policies for Southern Africa -
       - Notes -- Chapter 10 Implications for Economic and Fiscal
       Analysis and for Data Collection -- Finance Regular 
       Studies of Transport Prices and Costs Determinants 
505 8  Improve the Economic Analysis of Road Projects -- Assess 
       the Impact of Fiscal Policies on Transport Services -- 
       Note -- Chapter 11 Conclusions, Recommendations, and the 
       Role of International Development Agencies -- Key Findings
       and Conclusions -- Recommendations -- The Role of 
       Development Partners -- Map 1 African Landlocked Countries
       -- References -- Annex 1 Bank Support for Africa Transport
       Corridors -- Note -- Annex 2 Data Methodology and 
       Reliability -- 1. Data Selection -- 2. Variable 
       Description -- 3. Regression Analysis -- Notes -- Annex 3 
       Sample Survey Design and Data Quality Control -- An 
       Example with Cameroon -- Sample Size -- Annex 4 Freight 
       Allocation through Freight Bureaus: The Cases of Central 
       and West Africa -- Notes -- Annex 5 Zambia's Road Freight 
       Industry and Business Practices in Southern Africa -- 
       Notes -- Index -- Box 5.1 History and Impact of the 
       Queuing System in France -- Box 5.2 Captured Market 
       Regulation: Cargo Reservation Schemes in Maritime 
       Transport -- Figure 1.1 Various Definitions Related to 
       Transport -- Figure 2.1 Average Transport Prices: A Global
       Comparison in 2007 -- Figure 2.2 Transport Quality 
       Worldwide Based on the Logistics Performance Index in 2007
       -- Figure 2.3 Transport Services in Africa-Expensive and 
       Low Quality in 2007 -- Figure 2.4 Average Truck Mileage in
       Selected Developing Countries in 2007 -- Figure 2.5 Cost 
       and Price Trends before and after Market Deregulation in 
       France, 1980-97 -- Figure 2.6 Average Transport Prices 
       from Mombasa to Kigali -- Figure 2.7 Number of Registered 
       Heavy Trucks in Rwanda -- Figure 3.1 A Typology of 
       Transport Corridors in Africa Based on Market Access -- 
       Figure 4.1 Road-Rail Price Competition in Main 
       International Routes -- Figure 5.1 Transport Quality Index
       Based on the Trucking Survey Results -- Figure 5.2 Fleet 
       Age and Yearly Mileage 
505 8  Figure 5.3 The Vicious Circle of Transport Prices and 
       Costs in a Strongly Regulated Environment -- Table 1.1 
       Measures and Outcomes in West and Central Africa -- Table 
       1.2 Measures and Outcomes in East Africa -- Table 1.3 
       Measures and Outcomes in Southern Africa -- Table 2.1 
       Comparative Transport Costs, Africa and Europe (Eastern 
       and Western) in 2007 -- Table 2.2 Comparative Transport 
       Costs, Central Africa, East Africa, and France in 2007 -- 
       Table 2.3 Median Monthly Wages for Truckers in 2007 -- 
       Table 2.4 Comparison of Malawi and South African Fleet 
       Competitiveness -- Table 2.5 Summary of World Experiences 
       in Transport Services Deregulation -- Table 3.1 The Four 
       Key Transport Corridors in Africa: Ports and Countries -- 
       Table 3.2 The Four Key Transport Corridors in Africa: Key 
       Economic Data -- Table 4.1 Transit Time and Transport 
       Price (from Gateway to Destination) -- Table 4.2 
       International Transport Prices, Costs, and Profit Margins 
       (from Gateway to Destination) -- Table 4.3 Regressions to 
       Identify the Main Determinants of Transport Prices -- 
       Table 4.4 Regressions to Identify the Main Determinants of
       Margins -- Table 5.1 Main Regulatory Barriers in Sub-
       Saharan Africa -- Table 5.2 Main Methods Used by the 
       Trucking Industry to Get Freight -- Table 5.3 Method of 
       Financing Truck Purchases -- Table 5.4 Infrastructure 
       Condition and Load Control -- Table 5.5 Current Trucking 
       Demand and Ideal Supply, Central African Republic and 
       Niger -- Table 6.1 A Typology of Trucking Companies in 
       Africa -- Table 6.2 Transport Costs Composition -- Table 
       6.3 Truck Operating Costs in the Four Corridors -- Table 
       6.4 Comparison of Transport Costs for a Heavy Truck Using 
       Alternative Methods of Analysis -- Table 6.5 Variable 
       Costs Breakdown for Subregions -- Table 6.6 Fixed Costs in
       the Subregions -- Table 6.7 Fuel Prices in Zambia -- Table
       6.8 Heavy Truck Prices 
505 8  Table 6.9 Import Tariffs for Imported Trucks -- Table 6.10
       Monthly Wage for Permanent Full-Time Truck Drivers -- 
       Table 6.11 Ratio of Company Taxes to Total Costs -- Table 
       6.12 Licenses -- Table 6.13 Opportunity Cost of Delays -- 
       Table 7.1 Infrastructure Condition and Load Control -- 
       Table 7.2 Unit Vehicle Operating Costs Savings from Road 
       Improvement -- Table 7.3 Vehicle Operating Costs Savings 
       from Road Improvement -- Table 7.4 Indicative Internal 
       Rate of Return of Infrastructure Rehabilitation -- Table 
       8.1 Transport Prices and Trade Imbalance -- Table 8.2 
       Transport Prices and Trade Flows -- Table 8.3 Main 
       Perceived Constraints to the Trucking Industry -- Table 
       8.4 Trucking Companies and Truckers Belonging to an 
       Association -- Table 9.1 Expected Impact of Policies in a 
       Regulated Environment -- Table 9.2 Expected Impact of 
       Policies in East Africa -- Table 9.3 Expected Impact of 
       Policies in Southern Africa -- Table 10.1 Transport Costs 
       for Cocoa Beans from the Field in Ghana to Europe -- Table
       A3.1 Survey Participation by Country -- Table A3.2 Number 
       of Vehicles Surveyed by Country -- Table A5.1 Indicative 
       Cost Factor Ranges for Zambia and South Africa Trucking 
       Companies Operating to and from Zambia 
520    Transport prices for most African landlocked countries 
       range from 15 to 20 percent of import costs. This is 
       approximately two to three times more than in most 
       developed countries. It is well known that weak 
       infrastructure can account for low trade performance. Thus,
       it becomes necessary to understand what types of regional 
       transport services operate in landlocked African nations 
       and it is critical to identify the regulation disparities 
       and provision anomalies that hurt infrastructure 
       efficiency, even when the physical infrastructure, such as
       a road transport corridor, exists. Transport Prices and 
       Costs in Africa analyzes the various reasons for poor 
       transport performance seen widely throughout Africa and 
       provides a compelling case for a number of national and 
       regional reforms that are vital to the effort to address 
       the underlying causes of high transport prices and costs 
       and service unpredictability seen in Africa. The book will
       greatly help supervisory authorities throughout the region
       develop and implement a comprehensive transport policy 
       that will facilitate long-term growth 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
       sources 
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
       libraries 
650  0 Transportation -- Africa -- Costs 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  Teravaninthorn, Supee 
700 1  Raballand, Gael 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aBank, World|tTransport Prices and Costs 
       in Africa : A Review of the Main International Corridors
       |dHerndon : World Bank Publications,c2008|z9780821376508 
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