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Author Toaldo, Mattia
Title The Origins of the US War on Terror : Lebanon, Libya and American Intervention in the Middle East
Imprint Florence : Taylor & Francis Group, 2012
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (225 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Routledge Studies in US Foreign Policy Ser
Routledge Studies in US Foreign Policy Ser
Note Cover -- The Origins of the Us War on Terror: Lebanon, Libya and American Intervention in the Middle East -- Copyright -- Contents -- Acknowledgements -- Introduction: Revolutions -- 1979, Revolutions and Invasions in the Greater Middle East -- America's Strategic Shift -- Carter's Revival of the Cold War -- The Reagan Revolution -- Reagan's Global Cold War -- 1. Crucial Relations -- US Policy in the Middle East During the Cold War -- The Roots of the Lebanese Civil War and of US Intervention -- Modernization Theories and the Rise of Qadhafi -- The US-Israel Special Relationship -- 2. Lebanon, Attack and Withdrawal -- The Beginning of the US Involvement in Lebanon -- The Missing Red Light -- The Invasion -- The Slippery Slope -- 3. Defining the Fight Against Terrorism -- Facing New Enemies -- Retaliation? -- The Road to Withdrawal -- The Shultz Doctrine and Nsdd 138 -- Enters Benjamin Netanyahu -- 1985, the Annus Horribilis -- The Bush Task Force on Combating Terrorism -- 4. Libya: Pre-Strikes and Regime Change -- Terrorism as Part of the Global Cold War -- The First Confrontation in 1981 and 1982 -- The Flower Plan: Regime Change in Libya? -- Christmas Shootings (And Military Planning) -- The Model Strike -- The Last Attempt at Regime Change -- Conclusions: Between the Cold War and the Global War on Terror -- Continuities with US Policy in the Middle East During the Cold War -- A Changed World: Political Islam, New Wars and the 'Age of Risk' -- The Reagan Legacy and Bush's War on Terror -- Making Sense of the Present Through the Past -- Notes -- References -- Index
The war on terror did not start after 9/11, rather its origins must be traced back much further to the Reagan administration and the 1980s. Utilizing recently declassified archival resources, Toaldo offers an in-depth analysis of how ideas and threat perceptions were shaped both by traditional US policy in the Middle East during the Cold War and by the cooperation with the Israeli right. The book examines two case studies of American intervention in the region and of its reactions to terrorism: Lebanon between 1982 and 1984 and Libya from 1981 to 1986. The first encounter with Hizbullah and the 'pre-emptive strike' against Qadhafi are analyzed in light of the recently released sources. Tracing foreign policy thinking developed by Reagan officials and Israeli intellectuals and leaders, the work demonstrates the significant impact this thinking had on US foreign policy after 9-11: ideas such as pre-emptive strikes, regime change and state-sponsorship were elaborated in the Reagan years and would later influence Bush's Global War on Terror. The book will be of great interest to scholars of US Foreign Policy, Middle East studies and American history
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Toaldo, Mattia The Origins of the US War on Terror : Lebanon, Libya and American Intervention in the Middle East Florence : Taylor & Francis Group,c2012 9780415685016
Subject War on Terrorism, 2001-2009 -- Causes.;Terrorism -- Middle East -- Prevention.;United States -- Foreign relations -- Middle East.;United States -- Foreign relations -- 1981-1989.;United States -- Military relations -- Lebanon.;Lebanon -- Military relations -- United States.;United States -- Military relations -- Libya
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