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Author Efron, Shira, author
Title The public health impacts of Gaza's water crisis : analysis and policy options / Shira Efron, Jordan R. Fischbach, Ilana Blum, Rouslan I. Karimov, Melinda Moore
Imprint Santa Monica, Calif. : RAND Corporation, [2018]
book jacket
 人文社會聯圖  TD313.G39 E37 2018    AVAILABLE    30600020139094
Descript xx, 88 pages : color illustrations, color maps ; 23 cm
text txt rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
Note "This work was conducted within the RAND Center for Middle East Public Policy (CMEPP)"--Preface (page iv)
Includes bibliographical references (pages 75-87)
Introduction -- Water and Wastewater Services in Gaza -- Public Health Risks from Water Contamination -- Conclusions and Policy Recommendations
Gaza has long had water and sanitation challenges, but today it is in a state of emergency. Its dual water crisis combines a shortage of potable water for drinking, cooking, and hygiene with a lack of wastewater sanitation. As a result, over 108,000 cubic meters of untreated sewage flow daily from Gaza into the Mediterranean Sea, creating extreme public health hazards in Gaza, Israel, and Egypt. While these problems are not new, rapidly deteriorating infrastructure, strict limitations on the import of construction materials and water pumps, and a diminished and unreliable energy supply have accelerated the water crisis and exacerbated the water-related health risks. Three wars between Israel and Hamas since 2009 and intra-Palestinian rivalry between Hamas and Fatah have further hindered the rehabilitation of Gaza's water and sanitation sectors. This report describes the relationship between Gaza's water problems and its energy challenges and examines the implications of this water crisis for public health. It reviews the current state of water supply and water sanitation in Gaza, analyzes water-related risks to public health in Gaza, and explains potential regional public health risks for Israel and Egypt. The authors recommend a number of steps to ameliorate the crisis and decrease the potential for a regional public health disaster that take into consideration current political constraints. The audience for this report includes stakeholders involved in Gaza, including the Palestinian, Israeli, and Egyptian governments, various international organizations and nongovernmental organizations working on the ground in Gaza, and the donor community seeking to rehabilitate Gaza
Subject Water-supply -- Health aspects -- Gaza Strip
Water-supply -- Health aspects -- Israel
Water-supply -- Health aspects -- Egypt
Water resources development -- Gaza Strip
Water resources development -- Israel
Water resources development -- Egypt
Water -- Purification -- Gaza Strip
Water -- Purification -- Israel
Water -- Purification -- Egypt
Public health -- Gaza Strip
Public health -- Israel
Public health -- Egypt
Water Supply
Water Resources
Water Purification
Public Health
Middle East
Public health. fast (OCoLC)fst01082238
Water -- Purification. fast (OCoLC)fst01171363
Water resources development. fast (OCoLC)fst01171955
Water-supply -- Health aspects. fast (OCoLC)fst01172384
Egypt. fast (OCoLC)fst01208755
Gaza Strip. fast (OCoLC)fst01240021
Israel. fast (OCoLC)fst01204236
Alt Author Fischbach, Jordan R., author
Blum, Ilana, author
Karimov, Rouslan I., author
Moore, Melinda, M.D., author
Center for Middle East Public Policy (Rand Corporation), sponsoring body
Rand Corporation, publisher
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