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Author Allowances, Subcommittee on the Tenth Edition of the Recommended Dietary
Title Recommended Dietary Allowances : 10th Edition
Imprint Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, 1989
©1989
book jacket
Edition 10th ed
Descript 1 online resource (302 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Recommended Dietary Allowances -- Copyright -- Preface -- REFERENCE -- Contents -- Recommended Dietary Allowances -- 1 Summary -- MAJOR REVISIONS IN THE TENTH EDITION AND THEIR BASES -- Recommended Dietary Allowances -- Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intakes -- USES AND IMPLICATIONS OF THE RDAS -- 2 Definition and Applications -- ESTIMATION OF PHYSIOLOGICAL REQUIREMENTS -- ESTABLISHMENT OF DIETARY RECOMMENDATIONS -- HOW ARE RDAS TO BE MET? -- PHARMACOLOGIC AND TOXIC EFFECTS OF NUTRIENTS -- REFERENCE INDIVIDUALS -- NUTRIENT ALLOWANCES FOR INFANTS -- NUTRIENT ALLOWANCES FOR THE ELDERLY -- CONDITIONS THAT MAY REQUIRE ADJUSTMENT IN APPLICATION OF RDAS -- Climate -- Strenuous Physical Activity -- Clinical Considerations -- APPLICATION OF RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES -- NUTRITIONAL ALLOWANCES AS GUIDELINES FOR FOOD SUPPLIES AND FOR HEALTH AND WELFARE PROGRAMS -- REFERENCES -- 3 Energy -- ESTIMATING ENERGY REQUIREMENTS -- Resting Energy Expenditure -- Physical Activity -- Metabolic Response to Food -- Age -- Sex -- Growth -- Body Size -- Climate -- ESTIMATION OF ENERGY ALLOWANCES -- Adults -- Pregnancy -- Lactation -- Infants, Children, and Adolescents -- COMPARISON OF RDA AND REPORTED INTAKES -- CHANGES IN ENERGY ALLOWANCES COMPARED TO NINTH EDITION -- REFERENCES -- 4 Carbohydrates and Fiber -- DIGESTIBLE CARBOHYDRATES -- Pathophysiological Significance -- DIETARY FIBER -- REFERENCES -- 5 Lipids -- DIETARY SOURCES AND USUAL INTAKES -- ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS -- OTHER CONSIDERATIONS -- REFERENCES -- 6 Protein and Amino Acids -- GENERAL SIGNS OF DEFICIENCY -- GENERAL PRINCIPLES FOR ESTIMATING PROTEIN REQUIREMENTS -- Nitrogen Balance -- OTHER CRITERIA OF ADEQUACY -- THE REQUIREMENT FOR AMINO ACIDS -- RECOMMENDED ALLOWANCES FOR PROTEIN -- The Requirement for Reference Protein and Its Variability -- Adults -- The Elderly -- Pregnancy -- Lactation
Infants, Children, and Adolescents -- Amino Acid Requirement Pattern According to Age -- Amino Acid Scoring of Dietary Protein Quality -- CONSUMPTION AND AMINO ACID PATTERN OF PROTEINS IN THE U.S. DIET -- Digestibility -- Adjustment of Allowances for Dietary Quality -- OTHER EFFECTS ON PROTEIN REQUIREMENTS -- COMPARISON OF CURRENT PROTEIN RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE 1980 RDAS -- EXCESSIVE INTAKES AND TOXICITY -- REFERENCES -- 7 Fat-Soluble Vitamins -- VITAMIN A -- General Signs of Deficiency -- The Nutritional Relationship Between Preformed Vitamin A, Biologically Active Retinoids, and Carotenoids -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Other Factors Affecting Recommended Allowances -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- VITAMIN D -- General Signs of Deficiency -- The Dietary Essentiality of Vitamin D -- Biochemistry and Metabolism -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy, and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- VITAMIN E -- Occurrence and Biological Activity -- Function and Metabolism -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- PUFA-Vitamin E Relationship -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infant -- Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- VITAMIN K -- Metabolism -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Other Considerations -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- 8 Water-Soluble Vitamins -- VITAMIN C -- Absorption, Transport, Storage, and Excretion -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Criteria for Assessing Nutritional Status -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children
Other Considerations -- Pharmacologic Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- THIAMIN -- General Signs of Deficiency -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants -- Children and Adolescents -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- RIBOFLAVIN -- General Signs of Deficiency -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- NIACIN -- Tryptophan to Niacin Interconversion -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- VITAMIN B6 -- General Signs of Deficiency -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- FOLATE -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Bioavailability -- Assessment of Folate Status -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults and Adolescents -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- Changes in Folate Allowances Compared to Ninth Edition -- References -- VITAMIN B12 -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- General Signs of Deficiency -- Metabolism -- Pool Size and Turnover -- Basis for Establishing Allowances -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- Changes in Vitamin B12 Allowances Compared to Ninth Edition -- References -- BIOTIN -- General Signs of Deficiency -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Intestinal Synthesis -- Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intakes -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity
References -- PANTOTHENIC ACID -- General Signs of Deficiency -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intakes -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants, Children, and Adolescents -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- 9 Minerals -- CALCIUM -- Calcium Absorption -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Bone Formation and Retention -- Relationship to Phosphorus and Protein Intakes -- Other Potential Functions -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults and Adolescents -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- PHOSPHORUS -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- General Signs of Deficiency -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults, Children, and Pregnant and Lactating Women -- Infants -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- MAGNESIUM -- General Signs of Deficiency -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- 10 Trace Elements -- IRON -- General Signs of Deficiency -- Dietary Sources -- Absorption of Dietary Iron -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants -- Children and Adolescents -- Other Considerations -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- ZINC -- General Signs of Deficiency -- Dietary Sources, Bioavailability, and Usual Intakes -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- IODINE -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- Other Considerations -- References -- SELENIUM -- General Signs of Deficiency -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes
Assessment of Selenium Status -- Recommended Allowances -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- COPPER -- Assessment of Copper Status -- Evidence for Human Requirement -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Bioavailability -- Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intakes -- Adults -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- MANGANESE -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intakes -- Adults -- Infants and Children -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- FLUORIDE -- Effects on Dental Caries -- Effects on Bone Disease -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intakes -- REFERENCES -- CHROMIUM -- Usual Intakes -- Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intakes -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- MOLYBDENUM -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intakes -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- References -- 11 Water and Electrolytes -- WATER -- Sources -- Estimate of Requirements -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- SODIUM -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Estimate of Requirements -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- POTASSIUM -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Estimate of Requirements -- Adults -- Pregnancy and Lactation -- Infants and Children -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- CHLORIDE -- Dietary Sources and Usual Intakes -- Estimate of Requirements -- Excessive Intakes and Toxicity -- REFERENCES -- 12 Other Substances in Food
NUTRIENTS ESSENTIAL FOR SOME HIGHER ANIMALS BUT NOT PROVED TO BE REQUIRED BY NORMAL HUMANS
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Allowances, Subcommittee on the Tenth Edition of the Recommended Dietary Recommended Dietary Allowances : 10th Edition Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press,c1989 9780309046336
Subject Nutrition.;Diet
Electronic books
Alt Author Board, Food and Nutrition
Sciences, Commission on Life
Council, National Research
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