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Author West, Gary
Title Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia
Imprint Somerset : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2014
©2014
book jacket
Edition 2nd ed
Descript 1 online resource (971 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Cover -- Title page -- Copyright page -- Dedication -- Contents -- Contributors -- Preface -- Section I: General -- 1: Clinical Pharmacology -- Introduction -- Pharmacokinetics -- Pharmacodynamics -- Inhalant Anesthetics -- Physics of Gases and Vapors -- Control of the Partial Pressure of Delivered Anesthetic -- Minimum Alveolar Concentration (MAC) -- General Pharmacological Actions of Inhalant Anesthetics -- Clinically Useful Inhalant Anesthetics -- Injectable Anesthetics -- Barbiturates -- Propofol -- Dissociative Anesthetics -- Miscellaneous Anesthetics -- Opioids -- Opioid Receptors -- Endogenous Opioid Receptor Ligands -- Opioid Receptor Signaling and Mechanisms of Analgesia -- Opioid Receptor Distribution and Therapeutic Implications -- Adverse Effects of Clinically Used Opioids -- Opioid Agonists -- Opioid Agonist-Antagonists and Partial Agonists -- Opioid Antagonists -- Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatories -- The Cyclooxygenases and Prostaglandin Synthesis -- The NSAIDs and Mechanisms of Analgesia -- The NSAIDs and Fever -- The NSAIDs and Endogenous Antiinflammatory Mechanisms -- Other Pharmacologic Considerations for NSAID Use -- Contraindications for NSAIDs -- NSAIDs used in Veterinary Medicine -- NSAIDs Not Approved for Use in Veterinary Medicine (Off-Label Use) -- Alpha-2 Adrenergic Receptor Agonists and Antagonists -- Introduction -- Alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonist Effects -- Specific Drugs -- Alpha-2 Adrenergic Receptor Antagonists -- Phenothiazines and Butyrophenones -- Introduction -- References -- 2: Monitoring -- Introduction -- Monitoring Basics -- Why Is Monitoring Important? -- What Should be Monitored? -- Monitoring the Respiratory System -- Pulse Oximetery -- Capnography -- Monitoring the Cardiovascular System -- Blood Pressure -- References -- 3: Airway Management -- Introduction -- General Principles of Airway Management
Signs of Airway Obstruction -- Approaches to Airway Management -- Unsupported Airway -- Awake Intubation -- Intubation Following Induction -- Planning Airway Management -- Maintenance of the Airway during Anesthesia -- Patient Positioning -- Supraglottic Airway Devices -- Infraglottic Devices -- Subglottic Devices -- Aids to Tracheal Intubation -- Laryngoscope -- Optical Stylets -- Flexible Endoscopes -- Bougies and Stylets -- Gags and Ropes -- Methods of Tracheal Intubation -- Direct Visualization -- Blind Intubation -- Palpation Intubation -- Retrograde Intubation -- Confirmation of Tracheal Intubation -- Extubation -- Airway Idiopathic Trauma -- Cleaning and Disinfection -- References -- 4: Thermoregulation -- Monitoring Body Temperature -- Hypothermia -- Perioperative Heat Loss -- Consequences of Hypothermia -- Perioperative Hypothermia: Prevention and Treatment -- Hyperthermia -- References -- 5: Oxygen Therapy -- Why O2? -- Hypoxemia and Hypoxia -- What Causes Hypoxemia? -- What Causes Hypoxia? -- Oxygen Sources -- High Pressure Oxygen Cylinders -- Portable Oxygen Concentrators -- Liquid Oxygen Containers -- Methods of Administering Oxygen -- Intranasal Oxygen -- Flow-by Oxygen -- Intra/Transtracheal Oxygen -- Humidification or Not? -- Detection of Hypoxemia and Monitoring the Effects of Oxygen Therapy -- Clinical Signs of Hypoxemia and Efficacy of Oxygen Therapy -- Pulse Oximetry -- Arterial Blood Gas Analysis -- What Do Arterial Blood Gases Tell You? -- Blood Gas Reference Values -- Target PaO2 -- Discontinuing Oxygen Therapy -- What If Oxygen Therapy Fails? -- Common Misconceptions -- Oxygen Cylinder Use in Wildlife -- Ungulates -- Carnivores -- Portable Oxygen Concentrator Use in Wildlife -- Postanesthetic Effects of Hypoxemia -- Immobilization-Induced Hypoxemia and Recovery -- Oxygen Therapy during Recovery -- Oxygen Toxicity -- References
6: Analgesia -- Introduction -- Physiology of Pain -- Ascending Nociceptive Pathways -- Antinociceptive Descending Pathways -- Principles of Pain Management -- Pain and Its Management in Vertebrate Species -- Fish -- Amphibians -- Reptiles -- Birds -- Mammals -- Pain in Invertebrates -- References -- 7: Physical Capture and Restraint -- Introduction -- Mammals -- Cervidae, Bovidae, and Antilocapridae (Artiodactylids) -- Canidae/Felidae -- Ursidae -- Mustelidae/Procyonidae/Viverridae -- Rodents and Lagomorphs -- Monotremes/Marsupials -- Primates -- Bats -- Suidae/Tapiridae/Tayassuidae -- Camelidae/Giraffidae -- Elephants -- Birds -- Ratites -- Waterfowl (Anatidae) and Wading Birds (Herons, Cranes, and Storks) -- Galliforms (Pheasant, Grouse, and Partridge) -- Hawks, Owls, and Falcons -- Passerines -- Psittacines -- Reptiles -- Lizards, Skinks, and Geckos -- Reptiles -- Turtles/Tortoises -- Amphibians -- References -- Webliography -- 8: Zoo and Wildlife CPR -- Introduction -- Objectives of CPCR -- Defining Basic and Advanced Life Support -- Cardiopulmonary Arrest (CPA) and CPCR: Strategy -- Confirm the Presence of an Arrest -- Pulmonary Arrest without Cardiac Arrest -- The Alphabet of an Arrest: A, B, C -- Arrests during Anesthesia -- Open-Chest or Internal Cardiac Massage -- Indications for Open-Chest CPCR -- Technique for Internal Cardiac Massage -- The Alphabet of an Arrest: D, E, F -- Drugs -- Routes of CPCR Drug Administration -- Electrocardiogram -- Fluids -- Monitoring Efficacy of CPCR -- Discontinuing CPCR -- Prognosis and Return of Spontaneous Circulation? -- References -- 9: Field Emergencies and Complications -- Introduction -- Precapture Considerations -- Planning -- Situation -- Terrain -- Weather -- Target Species -- Emergency Equipment -- Immobilizing Drugs -- Capture Techniques -- Helicopter Safety
Animal Safety Considerations for Remote Drug Delivery Equipment -- Complications -- Stress -- Induction -- Initial Assessment -- Anesthetic Depth and Arousal -- Respiratory Depression and Hypoxemia -- Hyperthermia -- Hypothermia -- Vomiting and Regurgitation -- Bloat -- Trauma -- Pneumothorax -- Myopathy -- Recovery -- Mortalities -- Euthanasia -- Conclusion -- References -- 10: Euthanasia -- Introduction -- Considerations for Wildlife and Zoo Species -- Methods -- Assessing Death -- Specific Recommendations -- Summary -- References -- 11: Remote Drug Delivery -- Introduction -- Direct Delivery for Cooperative Animals -- Training for Direct Drug Administration -- Manual Drug Delivery Routes for Cooperative Animals -- Remote Delivery Systems for Uncooperative Animals -- Historical Development of Remote Delivery Systems -- Dart Types -- Remote Delivery Projectors -- Darting Accessories -- Cleaning and Reusing Darts -- Drug delivery Problems -- Human Safety Concerns during Darting Procedures -- Conclusions -- References -- 12: Capture Myopathy -- Introduction -- History -- The Human Comparative -- Etiology -- Predisposing Factors -- Species -- Environment -- Capture Related -- Other Diseases -- Nutrition -- Drugs -- Signalment -- Pathophysiology -- Clinical and Pathological Syndromes -- Capture Shock Syndrome -- Ataxic Myoglobinuric Syndrome -- Ruptured Muscle Syndrome -- Delayed Peracute Syndrome -- Differential Diagnoses -- Treatment -- Analgesia -- Dantrolene -- Muscle Relaxants -- Dietary Supplements -- Hyperbaric Oxygen -- Sodium Bicarbonate -- Fluid Therapy -- Nutritional Support -- Physical Therapy -- Prevention -- Conclusions -- References -- 13: Human Safety during Wildlife Capture -- Introduction -- Risks to Human Safety during Wildlife Capture and Handling -- Hazard Assessment -- Environmental Risks -- Equipment Related Risks
Animal-Related Risks -- Drug-Related Risks -- Emergency Preparedness -- Preimmobilization Plan -- Emergency Response Protocol -- Consultation with Medical Professionals -- References -- Section II: Invertebrates, Fish, Reptiles, and Amphibians -- 14: Invertebrates -- Introduction -- Taxonomic Groups -- Mollusks -- Arachnida -- Crustaceans -- Insects -- Echinoderms -- Pain Management -- Euthanasia -- References -- 15: Bony Fish (Lungfish, Sturgeon, and Teleosts) -- Introduction -- Stress and Anesthesia -- Taxonomy, Anatomy, Physiology, and Behavior -- Respiration -- Metabolism -- Integument -- Size -- Environmental and Other Factors -- Temperature -- pH -- Nitrogenous Compounds -- Drug Concentration or Dosage -- Drug Exposure Time -- Vascular Access -- Immobilization Methods and Techniques -- Manual Restraint -- Operant Conditioning -- General Suggestions for Anesthesia -- Preanesthetic Preparations -- Immersion (Inhalant) Anesthesia -- Parenteral Anesthesia -- Monitoring -- Anesthetic Depth -- Cardiopulmonary -- Water Quality -- Recovery -- Resuscitation -- Anesthetic Drugs -- General Comments -- Inhalant (Waterborne or Immersion) Drugs -- Oral Anesthetics -- Injectable Anesthetics -- Nonchemical Anesthesia -- Analgesia -- Euthanasia -- Field Immobilization -- Postanesthetic Challenges -- Acknowledgments -- References -- 16: Elasmobranchs and Holocephalans -- Introduction -- Anatomy and Physiology -- Capture -- Physical Restraint -- Vascular Access -- Preanesthetic Considerations -- Chemical Immobilization -- Immersion (Inhalation) Anesthesia -- 2-Phenoxyethanol (2-PE) -- Injectable Anesthesia -- Injectable Anesthetics -- Injectable Anesthetic Combinations -- Oral (PO) -- Nonspecific "Reversal" Drugs -- Monitoring -- Recovery Considerations and Postanesthetic Challenges -- Field Immobilization -- Euthanasia -- Acknowledgments -- References
Personal Communications
Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia, Second Edition is a fully updated and revised version of the first comprehensive reference on anesthetic techniques in captive and free-ranging wildlife. Now including  expanded coverage of avian and aquatic species, this exhaustive resource presents information on the full range of zoo and wildlife species. Covering topics ranging from monitoring and field anesthesia to CPR and euthanasia, the heart of the book is devoted to 53 species-specific chapters providing a wealth of information on little-known and common zoo and wildlife animals alike. In addition to new species chapters, the new edition brings a new focus on pain management, including chronic  pain, and more information on species-specific physiology. Chapters on airway management, monitoring, emergency therapeutics, and field procedures are all significantly expanded as well. This update to Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia is an invaluable addition to the library of all zoo and wildlife veterinarians
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: West, Gary Zoo Animal and Wildlife Immobilization and Anesthesia Somerset : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2014 9780813811833
Subject Veterinary anesthesia.;Animal immobilization
Electronic books
Alt Author Caulkett, Nigel
Heard, Darryl J
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