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Author Bowen, Caroline
Title Children's Speech Sound Disorders
Imprint Hoboken : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2014
book jacket
Edition 2nd ed
Descript 1 online resource (498 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Intro -- Children's Speech Sound Disorders -- Dedication -- Contents -- Contributors -- About the companion website -- Part I A practical update -- Introduction to Part I -- The contributors -- The children -- E3BP -- Children with SSD -- World Health Organization -- Evidence, belief and practice -- Controversial, exclusive and untested practices -- Theory-therapy and research-practice gaps -- Positive collaborations -- Two questions -- Keeping up with the literature -- Cultural and linguistic parochialism -- A plethora of gaps and questions -- References -- Chapter 1 The evolution of current practices -- Early understandings of 'normal' and 'deviant' speech -- Disparities between theory, therapy and practice -- Dyslalia and function alarticulation disorder -- Linguistic theory and sound patterns -- Clinical phonology -- Articulation development -- Revolution? -- Models of phonological acquisition -- The behaviourist model -- The structuralist model -- The biological model -- The natural phonology model -- The prosodic model -- The cognitive/Stanford model -- Levels of representation -- Theories of development, theories of disorder, and theories of intervention -- Communication and advocacy -- Terminology -- References -- Chapter 2 Terminology, classification, description, measurement, assessment and targets -- Where does 'functional' fit? -- Subtypes -- Clinicians' use of classification terms -- 'Articulation disorder' as a cover term -- 'Phonological disorder' as a cover term -- 'Sound system disorders' as a cover term -- 'Speech sound disorder' as a cover term -- Terms related to intervention -- Three phonological principles -- Characteristics of phonological disorder -- Misuse of terms -- Four easily confused 'phonological terms' -- Web questions -- Two major sub-groups -- Speech assessment: Screening -- Diagnostic evaluation
The case history interview and 'red flags' -- Video observations of early characteristics of CAS -- Independent and relational analysis -- Summarising these assessment data -- Intervening early -- Severity measures -- Parents' concerns and questions -- Questions parents ask -- Questions families ask: Severity -- Percentage of consonants correct -- Percentage of occurrence of processes, or patterns -- Normative data -- Informal intelligibility ratings -- Questions families ask: Prevalence -- Questions families ask: Aetiology -- Questions families ask: Delay ordisorder -- The questions families ask: Prognosis -- The questions families ask: Which method do you use? -- Question families seldom ask: Target selection, goal setting and generalisation -- Communicating with clients -- References -- Chapter 3 Special populations of children -- Parents' initial perceptions of their child's SSD -- Three special populations -- Children with co-occurring speech and language disorders -- Children with difficult behaviour -- An SLP/SLT view of counselling -- Children with cleft palate, craniofacial anomalies and velopharyngeal dysfunction -- Children who have been internationally adopted -- Children learning more than one language -- Non-English-speaking children -- Children with speech impairments in culturally and linguistically diverse settings -- Children with speech and literacy difficulties -- Special issues and concerns -- References -- Chapter 4 Intervention approaches -- Phonetic approaches -- Co-occurring error types -- Children with limited stimulability -- Stimulability training, pre-practice and the SLP/SLT skill set -- Auditory input -- Amplified auditory stimulationin CPPA -- Amplified auditory stimulation -- Focused auditory input (focused auditory stimulation) -- Auditory input in PACT -- Auditory Input Therapy (AIT)
Perceptually based interventions -- Phonemic intervention -- Feature contrasts in English -- Grunwell's approach -- Metaphon -- Metaphon Phase 1 -- Concept Level -- Substitution processes (Sound Level) -- Syllable structure processes (Sound Level) -- Metaphon Phase 2 -- Core activity -- Metaphon final phase -- Minimal pair approaches: Conventional Minimal Pairs -- Minimal pair approaches: Maximal Oppositions -- Minimal pair approaches: Empty Set (Unknown Set) -- Minimal pair approaches: Multiple Oppositions -- Multiple Oppositions -- Sound contrasts in phonology -- Imagery Therapy -- Whole Language Therapy -- Core Vocabulary Therapy -- A psycholinguistic framework -- Phoneme Awareness Therapy -- Vowel Therapy -- Implications for service delivery -- Note -- References -- Chapter 5 'Common', 'best' and evidence-based practice -- Speech acquisition and the family -- A Canadian survey -- SLT and education in New Zealand -- Technology, tablet computers and Apps -- Child speech assessment and intervention practices in UK -- Non-speech oral motor exercises -- The student experience -- Clinical problem solving -- Embracing change -- A model for ethical practices -- The last say -- References -- Part II Speech intervention in every day practice -- Introduction -- SLPs/SLTs as counsellors -- New and potentially better ideas -- References -- Chapter 6 Phonological disorder and CAS: Characteristics, goals and treatment -- Treat the symptoms, not the label -- Six characteristics CAS and phonological disorder may have incommon -- Intervention goals that are common to phonological disorder and CAS -- Case history interview -- Motor speech examination worksheet -- Multi-Syllabic words -- Reading and reviewing the literature -- Neurophysiological investigations -- Characteristics and general observations of CAS -- Segmental characteristics of CAS
Suprasegmental (prosodic) characteristics of CAS -- General observations of CAS -- Phonetic characteristics/phonetic error types in CAS -- Sound sequencing difficulties in CAS -- Timing disturbances in CAS -- Disturbed temporal-spatial relationships of the articulators in CAS -- Contextual changes in articulatory proficiency in CAS -- Phonological awareness and CAS -- Receptive language and CAS -- Expressive language and CAS -- Rating speech characteristics -- Overlapping symptoms and treatments -- Symptomatic treatment techniques -- 1. Pre-practice -- 2. Stimulability training -- 3. Phonetic placement techniques -- 4. Shaping -- 5. CV syllable and word drills -- 6. Phonotactic therapy -- 7. Metalinguistic approaches -- 8. Reading -- 9. Auditory input therapy/thematic play -- 10. Minimal contrast therapy -- 11. Melodic intonation therapy -- 12. Singing -- 13. Prolongation of vowels -- 14. Slowed rate of production -- 15. Progressive approximations -- 16. Single word production drill -- 17. Techniques to encourage self-monitoring -- 18. Single word and conversational speech production drill -- 19. Backward build-ups -- 20. Backward chaining -- Additional techniques -- References -- Chapter 7 Childhood apraxia of speech -- Principles of motor learning -- Repetitive practice (motor drill) -- A comparison of practice schedules -- Massed practice versus distributed practice -- Blocked practice versus random practice -- KP and KR feedback to the child -- Rate of production trials -- Finding the right level of intervention -- Integral stimulation -- Dynamic temporal and tactile cueing -- NDP3 -- An intervention for CAS with a prosodic emphasis -- Early days -- Taking responsibility -- Homework and the homework habit -- Brag book -- Ten tips for intervention for young children with severe CAS -- Controversial interventions for CAS -- References
Chapter 8 Treatment targets and strategies for speech sound disorders -- Phonological disorder signs -- Puzzle phenomenon -- Marking -- Individualised education programs: IEPs -- Guide to expressing IEP goals phonological disorder and CAS -- Tad's IEP goals -- Target selection -- Newer target selection criteria -- Targeting speech perception -- Targeting compensatory errors in the cleft palate population -- Competence, focus and motivation -- Intrinsic motivation -- Words and pictures -- Consonants, clusters and vowels -- Minimal pairs -- Near minimal pairs -- Alliterative stories and activities -- Inspiration online -- References -- Chapter 9 Parents and children together in phonological intervention -- Primary population -- Secondary populations -- Theoretical basis -- Empirical support -- Assessment -- Quick Screener -- Assessing progress -- Goals and goal attack -- Materials and equipment -- Intervention -- Therapy sessions -- Intervention scheduling -- Dosage -- Target selection -- PACT components -- Parent education (Family education) -- Metalinguistic training -- Phonetic production training -- Multiple exemplar training -- Homework -- Case study -- Background -- Referral -- Initial presentation -- Screening process -- Therapy planning for Josie -- Agent, scheduling and dosage -- Josie's therapy -- Consonant clusters and multisyllabic words -- Acknowledgement -- References -- Chapter 10 Directions and reflections -- Sociophonetics -- A view from audiology -- Choices -- Survival and progress -- Two conclusions -- References -- Contributor index -- Subject index -- EULA
Speaking directly to experienced and novice clinicians, educators and students in speech-language pathology/speech and language therapy via an informative essay-based approach, Children's Speech Sound Disorders provides concise, easy-to-understand explanations of key aspects of the classification, assessment, diagnosis and treatment of articulation disorders, phonological disorders and childhood apraxia of speech. It also includes a range of searching questions to international experts on their work in the child speech field. This new edition of Children's Speech Sound Disorders is meticulously updated and expanded. It  includes new material on Apps, assessing and treating two-year-olds, children acquiring languages other than English and working with multilingual children, communities of practice in communication sciences and disorders, distinguishing delay from disorder, linguistic sciences, counselling and managing difficult behaviour, and the neural underpinnings of and new approaches to treating CAS. This bestselling guide includes: Case vignettes and real-world examples to place topics in context Expert essays by sixty distinguished contributors A companion website for instructors at and a range of supporting materials on the author's own site at Drawing on a range of theoretical, research and clinical perspectives and emphasising quality client care and evidence-based practice, Children's Speech Sound Disorders is a comprehensive collection of clinical nuggets, hands-on strategies, and inspiration
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Bowen, Caroline Children's Speech Sound Disorders Hoboken : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2014 9781118634028
Subject Speech-Language Pathology - methods
Electronic books
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