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Author Massam, Diane, author
Title Niuean : predicates and arguments in an isolating language / Diane Massam
Imprint New York, NY : Oxford Unversity Press, 2020
©2020
book jacket
LOCATION CALL # STATUS OPACMSG BARCODE
 人文社會聯圖  PL6481 .M37 2020    AVAILABLE    30630020135164
Edition First edition
Descript xvi, 362 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
text txt rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
Series Oxford linguistics
Oxford studies of endangered languages
Oxford studies of endangered languages
Oxford linguistics
Note Cover -- Niuean: Predicates and Arguments in an Isolating Language -- Copyright -- Contents -- General Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Glossing and Technical Abbreviations -- Abbreviated Data Sources -- 1: Introduction: Fakaalofa lahi atu -- 1.1 Niue and the Niue language -- 1.2 Overview of Niuean -- 1.3 Methodological issues -- 1.4 Key theoretical concepts -- 1.5 Overview of the volume -- 1.6 Some personal comments -- 2: The structure of the predicate and its place in the sentence -- 2.1 Introduction to the chapter -- 2.2 Where is the V in VSO? -- 2.2.1 The merge position: Head of VP -- 2.2.2 The derived position: Low CP (Fin) -- 2.2.2.1 The position of tense -- 2.2.2.2 The predicate moves to Fin -- 2.2.2.3 The predicate does not move higher than Fin -- 2.3 Predicates are phrasal -- 2.3.1 Heavy predicates -- 2.3.2 All predicates are vPs: High categorization -- 2.3.2.1 The vP structure of ko-phrase predicates -- 2.3.2.2 The vP structure of verbal and PNI predicates -- 2.3.2.3 The vP structure of fai existential predicates -- 2.3.2.4 The vP structure of locative predicates -- 2.3.2.5 The common vP structure of all predicates -- 2.3.2.6 Motivation for predicate fronting --2.3.3 'V' is VP -- 2.4 Inside the predicate -- 2.4.1 Overview of Niuean complex predicates -- 2.4.2 The proposal: VP, vP, and pre-v -- 2.4.3 Deriving inversion: General issues -- 2.5 The predicate formatives -- 2.5.1 Restructuring pre-verbs -- 2.5.2 Compounding modifiers -- 2.5.2.1 Augmentative compounds -- 2.5.2.2 Resultative compounds -- 2.5.2.3 Depictive compounds -- 2.5.3 Inverting modifiers -- 2.5.3.1 Low modifiers -- 2.5.3.2 Directional modifiers -- 2.5.3.3 High modifiers -- 2.5.4 Inverting heads: aki, Voice, oti, and ai -- 2.5.4.1 Instrumental aki -- 2.5.4.2 Voice -- 2.5.4.3 Exhaustive oti --2.5.4.4 Situational ai -- 2.5.5 Inverting high aspect: high, emphatic, and perfect -- 2.5.5.1 High aspectual modifiers -- 2.5.5.2 High emphatic modifiers -- 2.5.5.3 The perfect -- 2.5.6 The affixes -- 2.5.6.1 The prefixes faka- and ma- -- 2.5.6.2 Reduplication -- 2.5.7 Summing up: Sub-domains of the predicate -- 2.6 Serial verb constructions in Niuean -- 2.7 Solving the argument extraction problem: HiAM -- 2.8 Conclusion -- 3: The arguments: High argument merge -- 3.1 Introduction to the chapter -- 3.2 Overview of HiAM -- 3.3 Catalogue of Niuean arguments -- 3.4 Internal roles: High and low -- 3.4.1 Four types of direct objects -- 3.4.2 Two object positions -- 3.4.2.1 Low objects -- 3.4.2.2 Relating high and low objects -- 3.4.2.3 High objects -- 3.4.2.4 Internal arguments of existential fai -- 3.5 The external agent role: High, low, lower, and not there -- 3.5.1 High and low ergative agents -- 3.5.2 Even lower: Implicit and non-existent agents -- 3.5.3 Summary of internal and external arguments -- 3.6 Sentences with no arguments -- 3.7 Applied arguments -- 3.7.1 Instrumental applicatives -- 3.7.2 Causativization and aki -- 3.7.3 Word order variations as composed theta grid variations -- 3.7.4 Null and overt aki
This volume explores predication in Niuean, an endangered Polynesian language spoken on the island of Niue and in New Zealand. It extends our understanding of cross-linguistic sentence structure and grammatical case, and will be of interest to scholars in the fields of Austronesian linguistics, typology, and theoretical linguistics
Includes bibliographical references (pages 297-348) and index
Subject Niuean language -- Grammar
Niuean language -- Verb phrase
Endangered languages -- Polynesia
Endangered languages. fast (OCoLC)fst01738357
Niuean language. fast (OCoLC)fst01038194
Polynesia. fast (OCoLC)fst01245821
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