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Author Irish, Joel D
Title A Companion to Dental Anthropology
Imprint New York : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2015
©2016
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (563 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Wiley Blackwell Companions to Anthropology Ser
Wiley Blackwell Companions to Anthropology Ser
Note Intro -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Notes on Contributors -- Foreword -- Acknowledgments -- Part I Context -- Chapter 1 Introduction to Dental Anthropology -- Who You Are, and Our Suggestions -- Volume Organization and Content -- Expertise and a Personal Touch -- Now on to Chapter 2 (or Chapter 7) -- References -- Chapter 2 A Brief History of Dental Anthropology -- Foundations (Nineteenth Century to 1963) -- Development (1963-1991) -- Maturation (1991-present) -- Future Directions -- References -- Part II Dental Evolution -- Chapter 3 Origins and Functions of Teeth:: From "Toothed" Worms to Mammals -- The Earliest Teeth -- The Evolution of Teeth before the Mammals -- Evolution of Mammalian Teeth and Mastication -- The Fossil Record of Mammalian Teeth -- Final Thoughts -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 4 The Teeth of Prosimians, Monkeys, and Apes -- Numerical Variation -- Morphological Variation -- Combining Ecology and the Study of Non-human Primate Teeth: New Directions -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 5 The Hominins 1: Australopithecines and Their Ancestors -- Earliest Hominins -- Plio-Pleistocene Hominins (the Australopithecines) -- Outstanding Issues -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 6 The Hominins 2: The Genus Homo -- Material and Methods -- Results and Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Part III The Human Dentition -- Chapter 7 Terms and Terminology Used in Dental Anthropology -- The Tooth -- The Tooth Class -- The Dentition -- References -- Chapter 8 Anatomy of Individual Teeth and Tooth Classes -- Anatomy of the Crown -- Anatomy of the Root -- Anatomy of the Pulp Cavity -- Identification of Teeth -- Deciduous Dentition -- Incisors -- Canines -- Molars -- Permanent Dentition -- Incisors -- Canines -- Premolars -- Molars -- References
Chapter 9 The Masticatory System and Its Function -- Forces and Displacements -- Ingestion -- Mastication -- Swallowing -- Linking Mastication to Swallowing -- Oral Sensation and Digestion -- Discussion -- References -- PART IV Dental Growth and Development -- Chapter 10 An Overview of Dental Genetics -- A Brief History of Dental Genetics -- Epigenetics -- Embryology -- Aspects of Variation in Dental Crown Morphology -- Familial Approaches to Understanding Dental Variation -- A Brief History of Research in the Craniofacial Biology Research Group at the University of Adelaide -- Locating and Identifying Genes Affecting Dental Development -- Discordant Expression of Dental Features Despite Similar Genotypes -- Future Directions for Research -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 11 Odontogenesis -- Tooth Number -- Histological Tooth Formation -- Molecular Signaling -- Dental Age -- Concluding Note -- References -- Chapter 12 Tooth Eruption and Timing -- Defining Tooth Eruption and Terminology -- How Is Tooth Eruption Measured? -- Clinical Eruption -- Sequence, Age, and Polymorphisms in Clinical Eruption -- What Is Root Stage at Clinical Eruption? -- Duration of Clinical Eruption -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 13 Tooth Classes, Field Concepts, and Symmetry -- Evolution of Multicusped Teeth in Mammals -- Tooth Classes in the Human Dentition and Field Concepts -- Observed Patterns of Variation -- Formation of Teeth, Including the Role of the Enamel Knots -- Different Models to Explain Dental Patterning -- Complex Adaptive Systems -- Symmetry and Asymmetry in the Dentition -- Different Study Samples -- What Has Our Research Shown? -- Some Future Research Initiatives -- Conclusion -- References -- Part V Dental Histology from the Inside Out -- Chapter 14 The Pulp Cavity and Its Contents -- Pulp Cavity Contents and Function
Pathology -- Pulp Cavity Utility in Dental Anthropology -- Ancient DNA Studies -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 15 Dentine and Cementum Structure and Properties -- Dentine -- Root Dentine Translucency: A Case Study -- Cementum -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 16 Enamel Structure and Properties -- Enamel Formation -- Incremental Structures of Enamel -- Conclusion -- Case Study: A Histological Reconstruction of Crown Initiation and Formation Using Enamel Incremental Structures in the Developing Dentition of Post-Medieval Known-Age Children -- Materials -- Methods -- Results -- Discussion -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Part VI Dental Morphometric Variation in Populations -- Chapter 17 Identifying and Recording Key Morphological (Nonmetric) Crown and Root Traits -- Crown Traits -- Root Traits -- Counting Methods -- The Impact of Wear and Pathology -- The Issue of Threshold Expressions -- Key Traits and Inter-trait Correlations -- Observations on Casts vs. Skeletons -- Intra- and Inter-Observer Error -- Applications of Dental Morphology -- References -- Chapter 18 Assessing Dental Nonmetric Variation among Populations -- Previous Population Affinity Studies -- Recent Population Affinity Studies -- A Dental Nonmetric Case Study from South Africa -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 19 Measurement of Tooth Size (Odontometrics) -- Maximum Crown Dimensions and Composite Measurements -- Alternative Dental Measurements -- Reliability of Dental Measurements -- Variation of Tooth Size within Populations -- Discussion and Prospects for Future Research -- References -- Chapter 20 Assessing Odontometric Variation among Populations -- Previous Studies of Tooth Size Allocation among Recent Human Populations -- Examination of Tooth Size Variation among Contemporary South Asian Populations
Conclusions and Future Directions -- References -- Part VII Dental Morphometric Variation in Individuals -- Chapter 21 Forensic Odontology -- Forensic Odontology -- Forensic Anthropology -- Individualizing Characteristics -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 22 Estimating Age, Sex, and Individual ID from Teeth -- Age: Timing and Sequence -- Sex and Ancestry -- Idiosyncrasies -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 23 Indicators of Idiosyncratic Behavior in the Dentition -- Dental Abrasion and Behavior -- Dental Erosion/Corrosion -- Body Modification, Social Identity, and Cultural Practices -- Case Study: Dental Avulsion in North Africa -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 24 Dentition, Behavior, and Diet Determination -- Indirect Dental Evidence for Diet and Behavior -- Direct Dental Evidence for Diet and Behavior -- Dental Microwear: History and Methodological Challenges -- Neanderthal Behavioral Strategies: Evidence from Incisor Microwear Textures -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Part VIII Dental Health and Disease -- Chapter 25 Crown Wear: Identification and Categorization -- What Is Dental Wear? -- Types of Dental Wear -- Differentiation between Types of Wear -- Assessment of Wear -- The Utility of Dental Wear Data -- Dental Wear as a Bias in Studies of Dental Morphology -- References -- Chapter 26 Caries: The Ancient Scourge -- Dental Caries in Ancient Human Remains -- Recording Dental Caries Prevalence -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 27 Dental Stress Indicators from Micro- to Macroscopic -- A Focus on Enamel Hypoplasias and Accentuated Striae -- Enamel Growth Microstructures -- Defect Formation in Relation to Enamel Growth Microstructures -- Contribution to Bioarchaeology, Forensics, and Primatology -- Contribution to Paleoanthropology: Neanderthal Case Study -- Conclusion -- References
Chapter 28 A Host of Other Dental Diseases and Disorders -- History -- Anomalies of Tooth Position and Number -- Alveolar Conditions -- Conditions of the Tooth Crown and Root -- Conclusion -- References -- Part IX The Future of Dental Anthropology -- Chapter 29 New Directions in Dental Development Research -- Back to the Future of Dental Morphogenesis -- The Patterning Cascade Model of Tooth Crown Morphogenesis -- Empirical Tests of the Patterning Cascade Model -- Methodological Concerns -- Inhibitory Cascade Model of Relative Tooth Size -- Empirical Tests of the Inhibitory Cascade Model -- Where to Go from Here? -- References -- Chapter 30 Chemical and Isotopic Analyses of Dental Tissues -- Structure and Chemical Composition of Enamel and Dentine -- Tooth Formation and Reconstruction of Individual Life Histories -- Applications -- Future Developments -- References -- Chapter 31 Non-Invasive Imaging Techniques -- Defining an Imaging System -- Choosing a Tomographic Imaging System for Optimum Image Quality -- Determining Operator-Dependent Factors Affecting Image Quality -- Imaging with Ionizing Radiations -- Imaging with Non-ionizing Radiations -- Open Access Online Archives of 3D Tomographic Scans -- Conclusion -- References -- Index -- EULA
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Irish, Joel D. A Companion to Dental Anthropology New York : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2015 9781118845431
Subject Dental anthropology
Electronic books
Alt Author Scott, G. Richard
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