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Author Oppy, Graham
Title A Companion to Atheism and Philosophy
Imprint Newark : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2019
©2019
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (598 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Blackwell Companions to Philosophy Ser
Blackwell Companions to Philosophy Ser
Note Intro -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Notes on Contributors -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Overview -- Characterization of Atheism -- Historical Considerations -- Objections to Atheism -- Arguing about Atheism -- References -- Part I Individual Thinkers -- Chapter 1 Hume -- Theism vs. Atheism -- True Religion -- Divine Benevolence -- Miracles -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 2 Holbach -- Holbach as Salonnier, Encyclopedist, and Author -- Salon and Sociability -- Holbach and the Encyclopédie -- Holbach's Reputation and the Publication of His Scandalous Works -- Publication and Reception of the System of Nature -- Holbach's Defense of Atheism -- Shared Premises -- Philosophical Atheism, not Agnosticism -- Intellectual Hedonism and Intellectual Atheism -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 3 Marx -- Atheism and Historical Materialism -- Life Determines Consciousness -- Matter and Historicity -- The Insensibility of Asking after God's Existence -- "The Opium of the People" -- Marx and the Jewish Question -- Conclusion: "Man is the Highest Being for Man" -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 4 Wollstonecraft -- Writing Religion out of her Life: Godwin, Atheism and Biography -- Atheism and Republicanism - Rousseau and the Paris Years -- Man, Woman and God -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 5 Cady Stanton -- References -- Chapter 6 Russell -- Russell's Religious Background -- Religion as Untrue -- The Eternal Soul and God Almighty -- The Proofs for God's Existence -- The Moral Domain -- Religion as Harmful -- A Religious Atheist? -- Notes -- References -- Part II Philosophical Movements -- Chapter 7 Empiricism -- What is Empiricism? -- Religious Implications -- Faith as a Source of Knowledge -- References -- Chapter 8 Pragmatism -- Pragmatism and Knowledge -- Pragmatic Differences
Standard Objections to Pragmatism -- Pragmatism and Atheism -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 9 Existentialism -- Death -- Living in the Context of Human History -- The Logic of Meaning -- Permanence -- Meaning Objectivism -- Existential Meaning -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 10 Postmodernism -- Nietzsche and Heidegger -- Sartre and Foucault -- Badiou, Nancy, and Derrida -- Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 11 Naturalism -- Dogmatic and Progressive Naturalism -- Naturalness is a Property of Theories -- Naturalness and Formalization -- Some Attractive Consequences of Formalism -- Naturalizing the Abstract Sciences -- Naturalizing the Concrete Sciences -- Naturalizing the Mind -- Religious Naturalism -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Part III Critiques of Theism -- Chapter 12 Logical Objections to Theism -- A Map of the Terrain -- Specific Examples -- Omnipotence: The Stone Objection, and Other Problems -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 13 Evidential Objections to Theism -- Defining the Topic -- Theism's Prior Probability and Predictive Power -- The Dilemma of Theism's Predictive Power -- Closing Considerations -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 14 Normative Objections to Theism -- Theism and the Problem of Suffering -- The Free-Will Theodicy -- The Soul-Making Theodicy -- Theodical Individualism -- Theism and the "Defeat of Evil" -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- Chapter 15 Prudential Objections to Theism -- Would it be Better or Worse for us to Believe in God? -- The Value of Theist Belief in Light of its Truth or Falsity -- Would it be Better for us if God Were to Exist? -- Prudential Debunking Arguments against Theism -- How God's Existence Could Make Things Worse for Us -- Nihilism, Meaning, and Significance -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Part IV Metaphysics -- Chapter 16 Freedom
Free Will: Philosophical Background -- Free Will, Neuroscience, and the Supernatural -- Parting Remarks -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 17 Supernatural -- Naturalism and Supernaturalism -- Weak Naturalism and Atheism -- Why Strong Supernaturalism Is True -- Atheistic Belief and the Rejection of Beliefs in the Supernatural -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgment -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 18 Death -- The Feinberg-Pitcher Account of Posthumous Harm -- The Case Against Posthumous Harms -- The Case against Posthumous Wrongs -- An Error Theory for Recalcitrant Intuitions -- Rationality and Posthumous Events -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Part V Epistemology -- Chapter 19 Skepticism -- Skepticism and Atheism: The Master Argument -- Radical Skepticism and Religious Skepticism -- Other Problems with the Master Argument -- Fideism and Quasi‐Fideism -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 20 Methods of Science -- Logical Positivism -- Empiricism -- Inference to the Best Explanation and Bayesianism -- Hypothetico-Deductivism -- Contrastive Empiricism -- Ockham's Razor -- Concluding Comment -- Acknowledgment -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 21 Evidence -- What Is Evidentialism? -- The Ideas of Degrees of Assent and of Logical Probability -- Absolute Moral Principles vs Prima Facie Moral Principles -- Alternative Views of Evidentialism -- Is Evidentialism a Basic Normative Principle or a Derived Normative Principle? -- Is Evidentialism an Incomplete Account of the Ethics of Belief? -- A Preliminary Formulation -- Unsound Objections to Evidentialism -- A Serious Objection to Evidentialism, and a Revised Formulation -- Evidentialism and Theistic Belief -- Note -- References -- Chapter 22 Evolution -- 1. Greek Philosophy -- Modern Science -- Just Before Darwin -- Charles Darwin -- Darwinism and Christianity -- Issues in Need of Resolution
Summing Up -- References -- Part VI Ethics -- Chapter 23 Meta-Ethics -- Moral Objectivity -- Normativity: Reasons to Act -- Normativity: Motivation to Act -- Moral Knowledge -- Taking Stock: Atheism and Moral Error Theory -- Conclusion -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 24 Meaning -- Four Views on God and Meaning -- Clarifying the Debates -- God as Necessary for Meaning -- God as Not Necessary for Meaning -- God as Enhancing of Meaning -- God as Detracting from Meaning -- Note -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 25 Normative Skepticism -- What's Wrong with Normative Skepticism -- The Normative-Skepticism Problem for Theism and Normative Realism -- Notes -- References -- Part VII Politics -- Chapter 26 Education -- Special Religious Education and Ethics Classes in New South Wales -- Fostering the Capacity for Communal Inquiry as an Educational Aim -- The Educational Value of Special Religious Education -- The Educational Value of Philosophy‐based Ethics Education -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 27 Happiness -- The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Eufunction and Dysfunction with Popular Atheism and Theism -- Why Atheism is a Societal Success Story -- Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 28 Violence -- Religion and Morality -- Tolerance and Intolerance -- Religion and the Justification of Violence -- Cosmic War -- The Afterlife -- Sacred Values -- Concluding Remarks -- Notes -- References -- Further Reading -- Chapter 29 Church and State -- Political Justification and the Religious-Secular Distinction -- Political Justification Beyond the Religious‐Secular Distinction -- Political Justification from an Institutional Perspective -- The Priority of Public Reasons and Religious Forms of Life -- Citizens in Robes -- Notes -- References -- Part VIII Critiques of Atheism -- Chapter 30 Logical Objections to Atheism
Logical Monism or Something Near Enough -- The Pragmatic Case for Classical Logical Consequence -- From Classical Logic to Necessitism -- From Necessitism to the Falsity of Naturalism and then to Theism -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Appendix 30A Validity Proof of Argument (6)-(10) -- References -- Chapter 31 Evidential Objections to Atheism -- Global and Local Forms of Atheism -- Evidential Objections -- Theistic Belief as an Evidential Objection against Global Atheism -- Religious Experience -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgment -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 32 Normative Objections to Atheism -- Some Preliminary Definitions and Assumptions -- Theoretical Moral Arguments for God's Existence -- Practical Moral Arguments for Belief in God -- Should We Want God to Exist? -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 33 Prudential Objections to Atheism -- Are There Ever Prudential Reasons for Belief? -- The Benefits of Theism -- Pascal's Wager -- Concluding Remarks -- Notes -- References -- Bibliography -- Index -- EULA
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Oppy, Graham A Companion to Atheism and Philosophy Newark : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2019 9781119119111
Subject Atheism.
Philosophy.
Philosophy and religion
Electronic books
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