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Author Bright, Alistair J
Title Blood is thicker than water : Amerindian intra- and inter-insular relationships and social organization in the pre-Colonial Windward Islands
Imprint Leiden : Sidestone Press, 2011
©2011
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (309 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Intro -- introduction and research objectives -- 1.1. Introduction -- 1.2. Social complexity in the Caribbean: current state of affairs -- 1.3. Proxies for social complexity in the Caribbean -- Settlement structure -- Site patterns, carrying capacity and settlement hierarchies -- Exchange of prestige goods or non-local goods and crafting -- Final remarks on archaeological proxies for social complexity in the Caribbean -- 1.4. Research problem -- 1.5. Ceramic (decorative) traits and site patterns: an archaeological approach to social networks and complexity -- Ceramic style and communication -- From theory to approach -- A multi-scalar approach -- 1.6. Data collection and fieldwork methodology -- Study of ceramic collections (photography/inventory) -- Literature study -- Survey campaigns -- Site visits -- the windward islands study area: towards a windward islandscape -- 2.1. Island archaeology and islandscapes -- 2.2. Defining the Windward Islands -- 2.3. Towards a Windward Islandscape: the natural setting -- 2.3.1. Geography and geology of the southern Lesser Antilles -- 2.3.2. Palaeo-environment and palaeo-climate -- 2.4. Towards a Windward Islandscape: an archaeological perspective -- First inhabitants -- Early Ceramic Age society (400 BC - AD 700) -- Early phase Late Ceramic Age society (AD 700-1000) -- Late phase Late Ceramic Age society (AD 1000-1500) -- 2.5. Towards a Windward Islandscape: an (ethno)historical perspective -- First European impressions of the "New World" -- First reports of the Windward Islands and European settlement -- Colonial period in the Windward Islands -- The Windward Islands today -- 2.6. Concluding remarks -- site distribution and ceramic assemblages in the windward islands: current state of affairs -- 3.1. Site pattern archaeology and the Windward Islands -- 3.2. Ceramic classification and the Windward Islands
3.2.1. Irving Rouse and the modal approach -- 3.2.2. Ripley and Adelaide Bullen and the type-variety approach -- 3.2.3. Jacques and Henri Petitjean Roget and the horizons approach -- 3.2.4. Resolution -- 3.3. Windward Islands typo-chronology -- Saladoid series -- Troumassoid series: Troumassan Troumassoid -- Troumassoid series: Suazan Troumassoid -- Cayo -- 3.4. Windward Islands archaeology: current state of affairs -- 3.4.1. Grenada -- 3.4.2. The Grenadines -- 3.4.3. St. Vincent -- 3.4.4. St. Lucia -- 3.4.5. Martinique -- 3.4.6. Dominica -- 3.4.7. Barbados -- 3.5. Concluding remarks -- windward islands recalibrated settlement sequence and ceramic age settlement system -- 4.1. Windward Islands (sequence of) settlement, recalibrated -- Early Ceramic Age -- Late Ceramic Age -- Discussion -- 4.2. Windward Island site patterns: an analysis -- Site classification -- Site periodisation -- Settlement location -- 4.3. Windward Island settlement system: an interpretation -- 4.3.1. Settlement territories -- 4.3.2. Settlement pairs -- 4.3.3. Shifting settlement patterns -- 4.3.4. Settlement/use of Windward Island islets -- 4.4. Windward Island settlement system: an (ethno)historical perspective -- 4.5. Concluding remarks -- ceramic (decorative) trait distribution during the late ceramic age: multi-scalar interaction in the windward islands -- 5.1. Introduction -- 5.2. The "Saladoid Veneer" -- 5.3. Late Ceramic Age ceramic (decorative) traits -- 5.3.1. Caliviny Polychrome -- 5.3.2. Troumassoid lugs -- 5.3.3. Scratched ware -- 5.3.4 Troumassoid anthropomorphic modelling -- 5.3.5. Troumassoid female statues -- 5.3.6. Suazan Troumassoid rim indentation -- 5.3.7. Vessel legs -- 5.3.8. Cayo -- 5.4. Concluding remarks -- a graph-theoretical approach to late ceramic age windward island ceramic assemblages -- 6.1. The sharing of traits -- 6.2. The sharing of subtraits
Vessel legs -- Vessel lugs -- Anthropomorphic adornos -- Finger indentation -- 6.3. Comparison between traits -- 6.4. Testing settlement dynamics through analysis of shared ceramic traits -- Grenada -- Grenadines -- St. Vincent -- St. Lucia -- Martinique -- Barbados -- 6.5. Concluding remarks -- a multi-scalar approach to windward island inter- and intra-island interaction and social organization -- 7.1. Recapitulation and results of dissertation research -- 7.2. A multi-scalar approach to Late Ceramic Age dynamism and social organization in the Windward Islands -- 7.2.1. Late Ceramic Age scales -- 7.2.2. Weighted distribution and possible place of origin for (sub)traits -- 7.2.3. Settlement dynamics tested through analysis of shared ceramic traits -- 7.2.4. Windward Island social organization -- 7.2.5. Early Colonial period Windward Island social organization: a postscript -- 7.3. Windward Island Amerindian settlement and diachronic intra- and inter-insular relationships -- From mainlanders to islanders: Early Ceramic Age occupation of the Windward Islands (400 BC-AD 700) -- Hegemony disrupted: divergent developments in the islands during the early phase of the Late Ceramic Age (AD 700-1000) -- Coming up between Greater Antillean and Venezuelan chiefdoms: the late phase of the Late Ceramic Age (AD 1000-1500) -- Conclusions Windward Islands settlement pattern and ceramic assemblage developments -- 7.4. Future Research -- Bibliography -- Appendix 1 -- windward islands site catalogue -- Appendix 2 -- radiocarbon dates for the windward islands -- Acknowledgements
This study represents a contribution to the pre-Colonial archaeology of the Windward Islands in the Caribbean. The research aimed to determine how the Ceramic Age (c. 400 BC - AD 1492) Amerindian inhabitants of the region related to one another and others at various geographic scales, with a view to better understanding social interaction and organisation within the Windward Islands as well the integration of this region within the macro-region. This research approached the study of intra- and inter-island interaction and social development through an island-by-island study of some 640 archaeological sites and their ceramic assemblages. Besides providing insight into settlement sequences, patterns and micro-mobility through time, it also highlighted various configurations of sites spread across different islands that were united by shared ceramic (decorative) traits. These configurations were more closely examined by taking recourse to graph-theory. By extending the comparative scope of this research to the Greater Antilles and the South American mainland, possible material cultural influences from more distant regions could be suggested. While Windward Island communities certainly developed a localised material cultural identity, they remained open to a host of wide-ranging influences outside the Windward Island micro-region. As such, rather than representing a cultural backwater operating in the periphery of a burgeoning Taíno empire, it is argued that Windward Island communities actively and flexibly realigned themselves with several mainland South American societies in Late Ceramic Age times (c. AD 700-1500), forging and maintaining significant ties and exchange relationships. Alistair Bright was a member of the Caribbean Research Group at Leiden University from 2003 to 2010 and participated in numerous archaeological surveys and excavations
in the Caribbean during that time. His research interests include the archaeology, ethnohistory and ethnography of the Caribbean and South America, as well as the archaeology of island societies throughout the world in general
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Bright, Alistair J. Blood is thicker than water : Amerindian intra- and inter-insular relationships and social organization in the pre-Colonial Windward Islands Leiden : Sidestone Press,c2011 9789088900716
Subject Indians of the West Indies -- Windward Islands (West Indies) -- Antiquities.;Windward Islands (West Indies) -- History
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