LEADER 00000nam  2200325   4500 
001    AAI8109973 
005    20050401074504.5 
008    050401s1981                            d 
035    (UnM)AAI8109973 
040    UnM|cUnM 
300    283 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 41-
       11, Section: A, page: 4664 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Loyola University of Chicago, 1981 
520    The Enneagram is a theory of personality typology 
       developed within the Sufi school of Islam. While it has 
       been preserved through oral tradition, little has been 
       formally written about this system which offers heuristic 
       insights into the structure and functioning of personality
       and is also employed as a diagnostic and therapeutic aid. 
       This study undertook a systematic description of the 
       Enneagram system, an assessment of the reliability of the 
       typing of the system, an investigation into the concurrent
       validity of the system, and the construction of an 
       objective test instrument to differentiate individuals 
       into the nine personality types described by the system 
520    Individuals were able to select one of the nine Enneagram 
       personality types which best depicted their own 
       personality style and to continue in their choice of that 
       type after varying periods of time, ranging from four 
       months to nine years. The subjects' self-perception and 
       self-selection were stable enough to justify validation 
520    To assess the concurrent validity of the Enneagram system,
       subjects cognizant of their Enneagram type were 
       administered the Millon-Illinois Self-Report Inventory and
       the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. The results demonstrated 
       highly significant differences among the nine Enneagram 
       types and their scores on both the Millon and Myers-Briggs
       scales. The composite personality portrait was consistent 
       with the Enneagram type descriptions. Although all three 
       approaches relied on self-report measures, the substantial
       amount of agreement among the results yielded both 
       convergent and discriminant validity and warranted the 
       pursuit of further external validation 
520    Along with the personality dimension, a highly significant
       age factor was found to be contributing to the results of 
       the Millon and Myers-Briggs inventories. While this 
       discovery was not anticipated, it indicated fertile 
       possibilities for future research 
520    The Enneagram Personality Inventory was devised to 
       discriminate individuals into the nine types. There was a 
       moderate amount of inter-item consistency within the nine 
       scales and the predictive validity of the inventory 
       offered a modest improvement over chance. Since there were
       both practical and theoretical benefits involved in the 
       construction of such a test, suggestions were advanced for
       refining the reliability and predictive validity of this 
520    Recommendations were made for broadening the 
       representativeness of the sample, for conducting a 
       longitudinal study, and for exploring the subtypes found 
       within each of the nine major Enneagram personality types 
590    School code: 0112 
590    DDC 
650  4 Education, Educational Psychology 
690    0525 
710 20 Loyola University of Chicago 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g41-11A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/