LEADER 00000nam  2200349   4500 
001    AAI3267402 
005    20080604091327.5 
008    080604s2007    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9780549055754 
035    (UMI)AAI3267402 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Pickering, Stephanie 
245 10 Forgiveness in children: Individual factors and social 
300    213 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 68-
       05, Section: B, page: 3408 
500    Adviser: Beverly J. Wilson 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Seattle Pacific University, 2007 
520    This study investigated individual factors and social 
       outcomes in forgiveness between peers in first grade 
       children. Utilizing McCullough and colleagues (1998) 
       Psycho-Social Model of forgiveness, 102 children rated 
       their aggressive, avoidant, and prosocial motivations in 
       response to vignettes and an actual recalled event. 
       Additionally, peers, teachers, and parents rated 
       children's forgiveness. Results showed mixed support for a
       new measure of forgiveness in young children. Peer ratings
       of forgiveness significantly predicted social preference 
       and number of reciprocal friendships. Teacher report of 
       forgiveness also predicted number of reciprocal 
       friendships. Multiple measures of forgiveness predicted 
       teacher report of social problems. Parent report of 
       forgiveness predicted teacher report of social problems. 
       Multiple measures of forgiveness predicted multiple 
       measures of aggression. Peer report of forgiveness and 
       grudge-holding, and teacher report of forgiveness showed 
       gender differences, such that girls were more forgiving 
       than boys. Finally, children's shame-proneness predicted 
       forgiveness motivations, whereas guilt proneness did not 
       show any relationship to children's forgiveness. When 
       grouping children into Forbearing, Forgiving, and Grudge-
       Holding, only 9% of the sample fell into the latter group.
       Forbearing and Forgiving children were significantly less 
       aggressive and had fewer social problems. These groups did
       not show significant differences in social preference or 
       reciprocal friendships. Implications of these findings are
590    School code: 1043 
590    DDC 
650  4 Psychology, Social 
650  4 Psychology, Developmental 
650  4 Psychology, Clinical 
690    0451 
690    0620 
690    0622 
710 2  Seattle Pacific University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g68-05B 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/