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Author Bank, World
Title Private Solutions for Infrastructure in Lesotho
Imprint Washington : World Bank Publications, 2005
©2004
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (104 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Contents -- Introduction and Acknowledgments -- 1. Executive Summary -- Infrastructure Reform -- Cross-Cutting Themes -- Sectoral Overview -- Electricity -- Telecommunications -- Transportation -- Water and Sanitation -- Solid Waste -- Private Participation Opportunities -- Action Plan -- PPI Facilitation Unit -- Specific Priorities for Action by Sector -- Cross-Cutting Actions -- 2. Cross-Cutting Themes, Sector Comparisons, and an Action Plan to Frame PPI in Lesotho -- Macroeconomic Policies and Economic Development Strategy -- Political Environment -- Capacity for Public Sector Financing of Infrastructure -- Business Environment and Investment Regime -- Underdeveloped Status of Basic Infrastructure -- Human Capital Deficiencies -- Administrative and Legislative Barriers to Business -- Reform Initiatives and Privatization Policies -- Competitive and Transparent Procurement Procedures for PPI -- Financing Environment for PPI -- Environment, Land Use, Urban Planning, and Biodiversity Issues -- Capability Assessment of Local Contractors -- Comparison of Infrastructure Coverage in Lesotho and the Region -- Electricity Sector -- Water Sector -- Telecommunications Sector -- Transportation Sector -- Sector Reform Status and Cross-Cutting Challenges -- Sector Interaction, Priorities for Expansion, and the Role of the GOL in Promoting a Pro-Poor Growth Strategy -- The Promise of PPI -- The Responsibility and Potential Consequences of PPI -- A Proposed Strategy for PPI in Lesotho -- An Action Plan to Realize the Potential of PPI in Lethoso -- Tier 1: Create PPI Oversight Capacity within the Public Sector -- Tier 2: Priority Actions by Infrastructure Sector -- Tier 3: Cross-Cutting Enabling Measures -- 3. Electricity -- Institutional and Market Structure -- An Institutional Barrier? -- Sector Policies and Regulation -- The New Regulatory Commission
Sector Performance -- Supply Situation -- Demand Side -- The Issue of Electricity Tariff -- Rural Electrification -- Role of Output-Based Aid in Rural Areas -- Key Initiatives -- LEC Privatization -- Service Territory for the LEC -- Privatization of Muela? -- Issues and Recommendations -- LEC Concession to a Private Sector Firm and Basotho Participation in the Electricity Sector -- Case for a Multisector Regulatory Agency -- Time for Multi-Modal Rural Utility? -- Opportunities for PPI -- A Vision for the Future? -- 4. Telecommunications -- Institutional and Market Structure -- Transition from a Public Monopoly to a Competitive Market Structure -- Sector Policies -- Sector Performance -- Lesotho's Teledensity Improvement under the Competitive Landscape -- Comparison of Lesotho's Achievements to Regional Benchmarks and Trends -- Fixed-Line Services -- Wireless Services -- Internet Services -- Tariffs and Affordability -- Sector Regulation -- Exclusivity Regulation -- Granting of Licenses and Regulation of Fees -- Universal Service and Coverage Regulation -- Interconnection Arrangements -- Competition Regulation and Dispute Resolution -- Tariff Regulation and Change Process -- LTA Regulatory Processes, Staffing, Financing, and Performance -- Key Issues and Recommendations -- The Policymaker Must Stay Engaged with the Sector Regulator -- Social Goals Favoring Universal Service Should Be Balanced with Goals Favoring Industrial Growth -- Undertake and Make Use of Planned Rural Demand Study -- The LTA Should Explore Substitute Peformance Targets with TL -- The LTA Should Explore the Concept of License-Free Spectrum -- The Potential for PPI -- 5. Transportation -- Road Network Subsector -- Road Network Subsector Institutional and Market Structure -- Road Network Subsector Policies -- Road Network Subsector Performance -- Public Transportation Subsector
Traffic and Transportation -- Traffic Flow and Toll Road Potential -- Lesotho Freight and Bus Corporation -- Summary of the Key Issues in the Road Sector -- Freight Transportation Subsector -- Rail Freight Service -- Truck Freight Service -- Summary of Key Issues in the Freight Subsector -- Aviation Subsector -- Institutional and Market Structure -- Aviation Subsector Policies -- Aviation Subsector Performance -- Summary of Key Issues in the Aviation Subsector -- Recommendations for the Transport Sector -- Policy -- Institutional -- Regulation -- Potential PPI Projects -- FDI-Oriented Projects -- Projects That Enhance Basotho Business Opportunities Using Output-Based Aid and/or Performance Contracts -- 6. Water and Sanitation -- Institutional Structure -- Water Sector Policies -- Sector Performance -- Water -- Sanitation -- Regulation -- Recommendations for the Water and Sanitation Sector -- Opportunities for PPI -- 7. Solid Waste Sector -- Institutional and Market Structure -- Solid Waste Sector Policies -- Sector Performance -- Recommendations -- Tables -- Table 1. Potential Private Participation in Infrastructure Projects -- Table 2. GOL 2002/03 Capital Expenditure Budget, US -- Table 3. Comparative Infrastructure Benchmarks for Lesotho and Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa -- Table 4. Summary Comparison of Sector Reforms within Lesotho -- Table 5. Comparison of Multi-Utility Regulatory Institutions in Various Locations -- Table 6. Comparison with Neighbors -- Table 7. LEC Performance at a Glance -- Table 8. Summary of LEC's Financial Results: 1993-2002 -- Table 9. The Pilot Areas -- Table 10. Potential Customers by Customer Category -- Table 11. Chronology of Market Liberalization Milestones -- Table 12. Comparative Teledensity in Southern African Customs Union Countries, 2001
Table 13. Comparative Teledensity in Mountainous and/or Land-Locked African Countries -- Table 14. TL Growth and Performance Statistics -- Table 15. Comparative Internet Statistics: Lesotho versus Peer Countries -- Table 16. Evolution in Peak Tariffs at TL for Post-Paid Service (in Maloti) -- Table 17. TL Operating License Targets -- Table 18. Revised LTA Coverage Targets -- Table 19. Lesotho Road Network by Responsible Institution -- Table 20. Road Fund Disbursements (millions of Maloti) -- Table 21. 2002/03 Capital and Recurrent Budget for the MOPWT (millions of Maloti) -- Table 22. Network Statistics,1982-2002 -- Table 23. Lesotho Freight and Bus Schedule -- Table 24. LFBC, 2002 Six-Month Operating Results (Maloti) -- Table 25. MIA Air Traffic and Passenger Statistics, 1995-1999, 2001 -- Table 26. MIA Revenues and Expenditures, 1999/2000 through 2001/2002 (in Maloti) -- Table 27. Current and Proposed Role of Agencies in the Water and Sanitation Sector -- Table 28. WASA Tariffs (2001) with Regional Comparisons -- Table 29. Recommendations and Progress to Date -- Figures -- Figure 1. Shortcoming of a Blanket Subsidy in Utility Tariffs -- Figure 2. A Pro-Poor PPI Strategy for Infrastructure -- Figure 3. Institutional Structure of the Lesotho Electricity Sector -- Figure 4. Access to Electricity -- Figure 5. Current Situation in the Lesotho Electricity Sector -- Figure 6. Forecast Demand for Electricity under Alternative Scenarios -- Figure 7. Comparison of Electricity Tariffs in Southern Africa -- Figure 8. Output-Based Aid for Rural Electricity -- Figure 9. Lesotho Access to Electricity Study -- Figure 10. Possible Electricity Sector Scenario -- Figure 11. Telecommunications Institutional Structure Transition -- Figure 12. Telephone Coverage, All Operators -- Figure 13. Regional Growth Trends in Mobile versus Fixed-Line Subscriptions
Figure 14. Growth of Fixed-Line and Wireless Subscriptions in Lesotho -- Figure 15. GOL Institutions with Road Network Responsibilities -- Figure 16. Organizational Structure of the Water and Sanitation Sector
Infrastructure in Lesotho is relatively undeveloped with poor coverage and low-quality services common to many African countries that have low per capita incomes and government fiscal limitations that constrain infrastructure investment. This report finds that private participation in infrastructure could offer Lesotho three key advantages: (1) augmenting budget resources in cases where the private sector undertakes to finance projects or services that would not otherwise be funded, (2) improving the quality and efficiency of service delivery, and (3) accelerating investments in infrastructure. By the same token, the report makes clear that private participation in infrastructure carries significant down-side risks that, despite the best of intentions, could lead to negative fiscal impacts, lower than expected service quality, disruptions to service, or more dire consequences. Accordingly, the need to establish private participation in infrastructure implementation and post-transaction oversight capacity is deemed to be of paramount importance if the Lesotho Government is to embrace an overall strategy for private participation in infrastructure
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Bank, World Private Solutions for Infrastructure in Lesotho Washington : World Bank Publications,c2005 9780821362051
Subject Infrastructure (Economics) -- Lesotho.;Public-private sector cooperation -- Lesotho.;Infrastructure, Transport, and Urban Development.;Private sector
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