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Author Cuellar, Steven S
Title Private and public sector expenditures on social welfare
book jacket
Descript 147 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 59-08, Section: A, page: 3094
Chair: Edgar K. Browning
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Texas A&M University, 1998
The examination of charitable contributions begins with a review of the literature concerning models of voluntary contributions and the theory of crowding out. The next step is to develop the theoretic models of voluntary giving by private sector economic agents and analyze the implications of these models toward the role and effect of government expenditures to redistributive social welfare. Finally, an empirical analysis of two models of crowding out along with some corollary issues are examined
To accomplish this, I examine a time series of aggregate data on both private charitable contributions toward social welfare and government expenditures on selected social welfare programs. The data used for this analysis were taken from two sources: the private data is from the American Association of Fund Raising Counsel's annual Giving USA, while the data on government expenditures was taken from various years of the Statistical Abstract of the United States. In addition to an explanation of the data used, the strengths as well as the shortcomings of the data are examined
The simple crowd-out model examines the hypothesis that government expenditures on social welfare reduce or crowd-out private charitable contributions. The results of ordinary least squares regressions show a negative correlation between private and public contributions to social welfare and thus indicate some degree of crowding out. In addition to the degree of crowd-out between public and private expenditures, the causality between public and private expenditures is rigorously tested. The model of impure altruism is also compared against an alternative model of giving. Finally, a corollary to the crowding out hypothesis, "that as an economy moves towards a more equal distribution of income, the amount of private contributions toward social welfare will diminish" is also examined
The model of joint crowd-out is examined next. The joint crowd-out model takes a more realistic look at government expenditures by distinguishing between both federal and state (and/or local) expenditures. In addition, it is assumed that state and local expenditures are dependant on private contributions. Thus, the empirical specification the model involves the estimation of two inter-dependant equations
School code: 0803
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 59-08A
Subject Economics, General
Sociology, Public and Social Welfare
Alt Author Texas A&M University
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