Descript 
127 p 
Note 
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 7209, Section: B, page: 5373 

Adviser: Girish Saran Agarwal 

Thesis (Ph.D.)Oklahoma State University, 2011 

In this thesis we have focused on the study of various systems which are presently widely studied in different areas of quantum optics and quantum information sciences. These, for example, include the coupled system of photonic waveguides which are known to be highly efficient in manipulating the flow of light. The Hamiltonian describing the evolution of field mode in coupled waveguides is effectively identical to the wellknown tight binding Hamiltonian used in solid state physics. The advantage of waveguide system is the possibility to control various interactions by design and their low decoherence rate. The excellent stability offered by coupled waveguides has led to the observation of many key coherent effects such as quantum walk, Bloch oscillation, and discrete Talbot effect. For example, Bloch oscillations have been investigated in coupled waveguides using coherent beam of light. We wanted to inquire whether coherent phenomena such as Bloch oscillations can be possible with incoherent single photon sources. We discovered that Bloch oscillations are indeed possible with single photons provided we prepare single photons in a W state. Moreover, coupled waveguides also find applications in the field of quantum information processing. Since entanglement plays a prominent role in all these applications, it is important to understand the entanglement dynamics in these structures. We considered the case of squeezed input in one of the waveguide and showed that one can generate entanglement between the waveguide modes. We further continued our work on the entanglement generation in coupled waveguides by incorporating the effect of loss in the waveguide structure for the squeezed and photon number input states. We considered relevant experimental parameters and showed that waveguide structures are reasonably robust against the effect of loss. Another system which has attracted a great deal of interest is the optomechanical system. We consider an optomechanical system where an optical cavity mode is coupled to the square of the position of a mechanical oscillator. The optomechanical system can then be regarded as a quantum optical spring, i.e., a spring whose spring constant depends on the quantum state of another system. In particular, we consider the situation where the field inside the cavity is in a coherent state and the oscillator is prepared in its ground state. The quantized nature of the field produces new features in the optomechanical system 

School code: 0664 
Host Item 
Dissertation Abstracts International 7209B

Subject 
Physics, Quantum


Physics, Optics


0599


0752

Alt Author 
Oklahoma State University. Physics

