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Author Garrett, Bob, author
Title Brain & behavior : an introduction to biological psychology / Bob Garrett, Visiting Scholar, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, ; contributions by Gerald Hough, Rowan University, and John Agnew, University of Colorado Boulder
Imprint Los Angeles : SAGE, [2015]
book jacket
 Euro-Am 3F Western Mat.  612.8 G1922 2015    AVAILABLE  -  30500101508078
Edition 4th edition
Descript xxiii, 628 pages : illustrations (chiefly color) ; 28 cm
text rdacontent
unmediated rdamedia
volume rdacarrier
Note Includes bibliographical references and index
Machine generated contents note: ch. 1 What Is Biopsychology? -- The Origins of Biopsychology -- Prescientific Psychology and the Mind-Brain Problem -- Descartes and the Physical Model of Behavior -- Helmholtz and the Electrical Brain -- The Localization Issue -- Nature and Nurture -- The Genetic Code -- Application: A Computer Made of DNA -- Genes and Behavior -- The Human Genome Project -- Application: Beyond the Human Genome Project -- Heredity: Destiny or Predisposition? -- pt. I Neural Foundations of Behavior: The Basic Equipment -- ch. 2 Communication Within the Nervous System -- The Cells That Make Us Who We Are -- Neurons -- Application: Targeting Ion Channels -- Glial Cells -- How Neurons Communicate With Each Other -- Chemical Transmission at the Synapse -- Regulating Synaptic Activity -- Neurotransmitters -- Application: Agonists and Antagonists in the Real World -- Of Neuronal Codes, Neural Networks, and Computers -- In the News: The Human Brain Project -- ch. 3 The Organization and Functions of the Nervous System -- The Central Nervous System -- The Forebrain -- Application: The Case of Phineas Gage -- The Midbrain and Hindbrain -- The Spinal Cord -- Protecting the Central Nervous System -- The Peripheral Nervous System -- The Cranial Nerves -- The Autonomic Nervous System -- Development and Change in the Nervous System -- The Stages of Development -- How Experience Modifies the Nervous System -- Damage and Recovery in the Central Nervous System -- In the News: Is the Brain Too Fragile for Sports? -- In the News: Nuclear Testing Reveals Adult Neurogenesis in Humans -- Application: Mending the Brain With Computer Chips -- ch. 4 The Methods and Ethics of Research -- Science, Research, and Theory -- Theory and Tentativeness in Science -- Experimental Versus Correlational Studies -- Research Techniques -- Staining and Imaging Neurons -- Light and Electron Microscopy -- Measuring and Manipulating Brain Activity -- In the News: Looking Into the Brain -- Brain Imaging Techniques -- Application: Scanning King Tut -- In the News: Growing a Model Brain From Stem Cells -- Investigating Heredity -- Research Ethics -- Plagiarism and Fabrication -- Protecting the Welfare of Research Participants -- In the News: NIH Is Retiring Most of Its Research Chimps -- Gene Therapy -- Stem Cell Therapy -- pt. II Motivation and Emotion: What Makes Us Go -- ch. 5 Drugs, Addiction, and Reward -- Psychoactive Drugs -- Opiates -- Depressants -- Stimulants -- Psychedelics -- Marijuana -- In the News: Changing Attitudes Toward Marijuana -- Addiction -- The Neural Basis of Addiction and Reward -- Dopamine and Reward -- Dopamine, Learning, and Brain Plasticity -- Treating Drug Addiction -- Application: Preventing Addiction by Targeting the Immune System -- The Role of Genes in Addiction -- Separating Genetic and Environmental Influences -- What Is Inherited? -- Implications of Addiction Research -- ch. 6 Motivation and the Regulation of Internal States -- Motivation and Homeostasis -- Theoretical Approaches to Motivation -- Simple Homeostatic Drives -- Hunger: A Complex Drive -- The Role of Taste -- Application: Predator Control Through Learned Taste Aversion -- Digestion and the Two Phases of Metabolism -- Signals That Start a Meal -- Signals That End a Meal -- Long-Term Controls -- Application: How Nicotine and Marijuana Affect Appetite -- Obesity -- The Myths of Obesity -- The Contributions of Heredity and Environment -- In the News: How the FTO Gene Makes Us Obese -- Application: The Sweet Taste of Obesity -- Obesity and Reduced Metabolism -- Treating Obesity -- Anorexia, Bulimia, and Binge Eating Disorder -- Environmental and Genetic Contributions -- The Role of Serotonin, Dopamine, and Cannabinoids -- ch. 7 The Biology of Sex and Gender -- Sex as a Form of Motivation -- Arousal and Satiation -- The Role of Testosterone -- Brain Structures and Neurotransmitters -- Odors, Pheromones, and Sexual Attraction -- Application: Of Love and Bonding -- The Biological Determination of Sex -- Chromosomes and Hormones -- Prenatal Hormones and the Brain -- Gender-Related Behavioral and Cognitive Differences -- Some Demonstrated Male -- Female Differences -- Origins of Male -- Female Differences -- Biological Origins of Gender Identity -- Gender Identity Reversal -- 46 XY Difference in Sexual Development -- 46 XX Difference in Sexual Development -- Cognitive and Behavioral Effects -- Ablatio Penis: A Natural Experiment -- Application: Sex, Gender, and Sports -- In the News: Who Chooses a Child's Sex? -- Sexual Orientation -- The Social Influence Hypothesis -- Genetic and Epigenetic Influences -- Prenatal Influences on Brain Structure and Function -- Social Implications of the Biological Model -- ch. 8 Emotion and Health -- Emotion and the Nervous System -- Autonomic and Muscular Involvement in Emotion -- The Emotional Brain -- The Prefrontal Cortex -- Application: Why I Don't Jump Out of Airplanes -- The Amygdala -- Hemispheric Specialization in Emotion -- Stress, Immunity, and Health -- Stress as an Adaptive Response -- Negative Effects of Stress -- In the News: Keeping Odd Hours Could Make You Sick -- Application: One Aftermath of 9/11 Is Stress-Related Brain Damage -- Social, Personality, and Genetic Factors -- Pain as an Adaptive Emotion -- Biological Origins of Aggression -- Hormones and Aggression -- The Brain's Role in Aggression -- Neurotransmitters and Aggression -- Application: Neurocriminology, Responsibility, and the Law -- Heredity and Environment -- pt. III Interacting With the World -- ch. 9 Hearing and Language -- Hearing -- The Stimulus for Hearing -- The Auditory Mechanism -- Frequency Analysis -- Application: Restoring Hearing -- Locating Sounds With Binaural Cues -- Application: I Hear a Tree Over There -- Language -- Broca's Area -- Wernicke's Area -- The Wernicke-Geschwind Model -- Reading, Writing, and Their Impairment -- Mechanisms of Recovery From Aphasia -- A Language-Generating Mechanism? -- In the News: Learning Language Starts Before Birth -- Language in Nonhumans -- Neural and Genetic Antecedents -- In the News: The Link Between Human Language and Birdsong -- ch. 10 Vision and Visual Perception -- Light and the Visual Apparatus -- The Visible Spectrum -- The Eye and Its Receptors -- Pathways to the Brain -- Application: Restoring Lost Vision -- Color Vision -- Trichromatic Theory -- Opponent Process Theory -- A Combined Theory -- Color Blindness -- Form Vision -- Contrast Enhancement and Edge Detection -- Hubel and Wiesel's Theory -- Spatial Frequency Theory -- The Perception of Objects, Color, and Movement -- The Two Pathways of Visual Analysis -- Disorders of Visual Perception -- The Problem of Final Integration -- Application: When Binding Goes Too Far -- ch. 11 The Body Senses and Movement -- The Body Senses -- Proprioception -- The Skin Senses -- The Vestibular Sense -- The Somatosensory Cortex and the Posterior Parietal Cortex -- Pain and Its Disorders -- Application: Treating Pain in Limbs That Aren't There -- Movement -- The Muscles -- The Spinal Cord -- The Brain and Movement -- In the News: Coordinating Artificial Limbs -- Disorders of Movement -- In the News: Curing Parkinson's in a Dish -- pt. IV Complex Behavior -- ch. 12 Learning and Memory -- Learning as the Storage of Memories -- Amnesia: The Failure of Storage and Retrieval -- Application: The Legacy of HM -- Mechanisms of Consolidation and Retrieval -- Where Memories Are Stored -- Two Kinds of Learning -- Working Memory -- Brain Changes in Learning -- Long-Term Potentiation -- How LTP Happens -- Neural Growth in Learning -- Consolidation Revisited -- Changing Our Memories -- Application: Total Recall -- In the News: Recalling It Now Helps You Remember It Later -- Learning Deficiencies and Disorders -- Effects of Aging on Memory -- Alzheimer's Disease -- In the News: NIH Teams With Drug Companies -- Korsakoff's Syndrome -- ch. 13 Intelligence and Cognitive Functioning -- The Nature of Intelligence -- What Does "Intelligence" Mean? -- The Structure of Intelligence -- The Biological Origins of Intelligence -- The Brain and Intelligence -- Specific Abilities and the Brain -- Application: We Aren't the Only Tool Users -- Heredity and Environment -- Application: Enhancing Intelligence and Performance -- Deficiencies and Disorders of Intelligence -- Effects of Aging on Intelligence -- Intellectual Disability -- Autism Spectrum Disorder -- Application: Childhood Vaccines and Autism -- Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder -- In the News: Testing for ADHD -- ch. 14 Psychological Disorders -- Schizophrenia -- Characteristics of the Disorder -- Heredity -- Two Kinds of Schizophrenia -- The Dopamine Hypothesis -- Beyond the Dopamine Hypothesis -- Brain Anomalies in Schizophrenia -- Affective Disorders -- Heredity -- The Monoamine Hypothesis of Depression -- Electroconvulsive Therapy -- Antidepressants, ECT, and Neural Plasticity -- Application: Electrical Stimulation for Depression -- Rhythms and Affective Disorders -- Bipolar Disorder -- Brain Anomalies in Affective Disorders -- Suicide -- Anxiety Disorders -- Generalized Anxiety, Panic Disorder, and Phobia -- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder -- In the News: Virtual Reality Isn't Just for Video Games -- Anomalies in Brain Functioning -- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Brain Anomalies in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Subject Psychobiology -- Textbooks
Alt Title Brain and behavior
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