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Author Robinson, Raoul
Title Return to Resistance : Breeding Crops to Reduce Pesticide Dependence
Imprint Ottawa : International Development Research Centre, 1995
©1996
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (497 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Intro -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Part One: Explanations -- 1. Genetics: Biometricians and Mendelians -- 2. Plant Breeding: Pedigree Breeding and Population Crossing -- 3. Resistance: Vertical and Horizontal -- 4. Infection: Allo-Infection and Auto-Infection -- 5. Host-Parasite Interaction: Matching and Non-Matching -- 6. Epidemics: Discontinuous and Continuous -- 7. Populations: Genetically Uniform and Genetically Diverse -- 8. Response to Selection Pressure: Genetic Flexibility and Inflexibility -- 9. Damage: Frequency and Injury -- 10. Pathosystems: Wild Plants and Crops -- 11. The Disadvantages of Vertical Resistance -- 12. Horizontal Resistance Compared -- 13. The Erosion of Horizontal Resistance -- 14. Three Sources of Error -- 15. The Disadvantages of Crop Protection Chemicals -- 16. So How Did Things Get So Out of Hand? -- 17. Cultivar Cartels -- Part Two: Examples -- 18. A Short History of Potato Parasites -- Introduction -- Potato Blight -- Forty Years of Blight Damage -- Bordeaux Mixture -- Forty Years of Bordeaux Mixture -- Forty Years of Scientific Potato Breeding -- Sex in the Blight Fungus -- Tuber-Borne Diseases of Potato -- Potato Breeding in Mexico -- Potato Breeding in Scotland -- Colorado Beetle -- 19. Why Did the Green Revolution Run Out of Steam? -- Dwarf Varieties -- International Research Centres -- Secondary Problems in the Green Revolution -- No New Green Revolutions -- Genetic Conservation -- 20. Maize in Tropical Africa -- Lesson 1: The bankruptcy of the pedigree breeders' resistance -- Lesson 2: The vindication of the biometricians -- Lesson 3: The erosion of horizontal resistance -- Lesson 4: Genetic flexibility -- Lesson 5: Population breeding -- Lesson 6: The nature of the resistance -- Lesson 7: Transgressive segregation -- Lesson 8: On-site selection -- Lesson 9: No source of resistance
Lesson 10: Selection pressures -- Lesson 11: The number of screening generations -- Lesson 12: The holistic approach -- Lesson 13: Parasite interference -- Lesson 14: Size of the screening population -- Lesson 15: The range of levels of horizontal resistance -- Lesson 16: Comprehensive horizontal resistance -- Lesson 17: Selection pressures for other qualities -- Lesson 18: Seed screening -- Lesson 19: Demonstration of horizontal resistance -- Lesson 20: Measurement of horizontal resistance -- Lesson 21: Maize streak virus -- Lesson 22: Hybrid maize -- Lesson 23: Other things we did not learn from the maize in Africa -- 21. The Loss of Resistance in Coffee -- The Origins of Coffee -- The World Distribution of Coffee -- Coffee Berry Disease -- Genetic Conservation -- Vertical Resistance in an Evergreen Perennial -- 22. Sugarcane -- A Very Ancient Crop -- Re-Encounter Parasites -- Sugarcane Breeding -- 23. Ancient Clones -- Aroids -- Banana -- Black Pepper -- Citrus -- Dates -- Figs -- Garlic -- Ginger -- Grapes -- Hops -- Horseradish -- Olives -- Pineapple -- Saffron -- Sisal -- Turmeric -- Vanilla -- Yams -- Part Three: Solutions -- 24. Plant Breeding Clubs -- Introduction -- A Typical Plant Breeding Club -- Aims & Objectives -- LISA -- Plant Breeders' Rights -- Allocation of Breeders' Royalties -- Basic Organisation -- Constitution -- Size of Club -- Categories of Membership -- Qualifications for Membership -- Obligations of Membership -- Membership Fees -- Breeding Strategy -- Hands-on Experience -- Prepare for Disappointments -- Club Property -- Ownership of Cultivars and Breeders' Rights -- Complaints from Neighbours -- Illegal Parasites -- Newsletters -- Associations of Clubs -- Professional Societies -- Specialist Advisors -- Scientific Publication -- Financial Audits -- University Breeding Clubs -- Mexico -- Charitable Clubs
Tropical Farmer Participation Schemes -- 25. Techniques -- Bees -- Breeding Parents -- Bulk Breeding -- Catalogues -- Categories of Parasite -- Cereals, Selection Procedures -- Clonal Multiplication -- Club Jury -- Commercial Contracts -- Comprehensive Horizontal Resistance -- Conflicts Between Local and Cosmopolitan Cultivars -- Contamination of Members' Land -- Crop Protection Chemicals -- Cross-pollination -- Cross-pollination of Cereals -- Cross-pollination of Grain Legumes -- Crossing Generation -- Cultivar Characteristics -- Cultivar Multiplication -- Cyclone Separation -- Dangers of Foreign Pollen -- Designated Hosts -- Designated Pathotypes -- Designation -- Early Selection -- Early Selection Breeding Cycle -- Emasculation -- Emergency Reserve -- Equipment -- Extension Services -- Family Selection -- Farm Machinery -- Farmer Selection of Seed -- Field Screening -- Field Trials -- Grafting -- Greenhouse Screening -- Greenhouses -- Grid Screening -- Harvesting -- Head to Row Selection -- Head to Row Sowing Equipment -- Horizontal Resistance, Demonstration of -- Horizontal Resistance, Measurement of -- Hybrid Varieties -- Hydroponics -- Inbreeding Cereals -- Inoculation -- Insect Culture -- Inter-leaved Breeding Programs -- International Agricultural Bureaux -- Jury Selection -- Laboratory -- Laboratory Equipment -- Laboratory Screening -- Late Selection and Early Selection -- Library -- Lupins -- Male Gametocides -- Marker Genes -- Mechanical Planters -- Mist Propagators -- Multiplication -- Natural Cross-pollination -- Negative Screening -- Newsletters -- Nitrogen-fixation -- Numbers of Seedlings -- Office Equipment -- On-site Screening -- One-pathotype Technique -- Original Parents -- Outbreeding Cereals -- Ownership of Breeders' Rights -- Parasite Gradients -- Parasite Identification -- Parasite Infested Soil -- Patchy Distribution
Pedigree Breeding -- Plant Pots -- Popularity Screening -- Potato Rapid Multiplication -- Potato, True Seed Production -- Potato, Seedling Inoculation -- Potato, Tests of Yield -- Potato, Tuber Screening -- Potato Pollination -- Potato Seed Parents -- Potato Tuber Quality -- Potential New Cultivars -- Program Expansion -- Pure Line Formation -- Purification of Foundation Stock -- Quality of Crop Product -- Quantitative Vertical Resistance -- Recurrent Mass Selection -- Relative Measurements -- Research -- Rice, Special Aspects -- Rotation -- Screening -- Screening for Rooting Quality -- Screening Overkill -- Seed Cleaning -- Seed Counting -- Seed Germination -- Seed Sorting -- Seed Sowing -- Selection Coefficient -- Single Seed Descent -- Soil Inoculation -- Soil Pasteurisation -- Soil Processing -- Specialised Help -- Spreader Rows and Surrounds -- Threshing -- Trouble-shooting -- Vertical Resistance, Avoidance During Breeding -- Vertical Resistance, What Happens to It? -- Weed Suppression -- Widening the Genetic Base -- 26. Screening Existing Populations -- Cocoa -- Coconut -- Coffee -- Pasture species -- Landraces -- Rice -- Rimpau -- Rubber -- Tea -- 27. Tropical Farmer Participation Schemes -- Introduction -- Cassava -- Sweet Potato -- 28. Crops Best Avoided by Breeding Clubs -- Banana -- Citrus -- Garlic -- Ginger -- Grapes -- Olives -- Pineapple -- Turmeric -- 29. The Future -- Glossary -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Appendices -- Appendix A -- Appendix B -- Appendix C -- Appendix D: CABI -- Bibliography -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z
In the tradition of Silent Spring, Raoul Robinson's Return to Resistance calls for a revolution. Traditional plant breeding techniques have led us to depend more and more on chemical pesticides to protect ourcrops. Return to Resistance shows gardeners, farmers, and plant breeders how to use a long-neglected technique to create hardy new plant varieties that are naturally resistant to pests and disease. Horizontal resistance breeding has been largely ignored in this century due to the popularity and apparent successes of the Mendelian geneticists. However the colossal, unrecognized failure of modern crops is their extreme susceptiblity to pests and diseases, and the consequent necessity to spray them repeatedly with pesticides. We have come to accept exposure to pesticides in our food as a necessary evil
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Robinson, Raoul Return to Resistance : Breeding Crops to Reduce Pesticide Dependence Ottawa : International Development Research Centre,c1995 9780889367746
Subject Plant breeding.;Crops -- Genetics.;Plants -- Disease and pest resistance -- Genetic aspects
Electronic books
Alt Author Robinson, Raoul A
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