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Author Ottaway, Susannah R
Title The Decline of Life : Old Age in Eighteenth-Century England
Imprint Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (338 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time ; v.39
Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time
Note Cover -- Half-title -- Series-title -- Title -- Copyright -- Dedication -- Contents -- Figures -- Tables -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Introduction: Old age in eighteenth-century England: no "golden age of aging" -- Elements of continuity in the history of old age over the eighteenth century -- Change: the origin of old-age pensions -- 1 Who was "old" in eighteenth-century England? -- Historical literature on defining old age -- Population age structure, longevity, and the ubiquity of the aged in eighteenth-century life -- The functional definition of "old": physical decline and the understanding of the aging process -- Cultural definitions of old age -- Cultural signals of men's old age -- Women's old age and menopause -- The chronological definition of "old" -- The onset of old age -- Literary sources -- Administrative records -- Diaries and parish records -- Conclusion -- 2 The activities of the "helmsman": self-reliance, work, and community expectations of the elderly -- Retirement and the conception of the elderly's ability to work -- Expectations of continued work in later life -- The rise of retirement -- The degree to which the elderly did work: men and work in later life -- Women and work in later life -- The elderly in public life and public service -- Gender and community roles for the aged -- Members of Parliament -- Old age and local community involvement -- Roles specific to the aged in community life -- Conclusion -- 3 "The comforts of a private fire-side" -- The old person in charge: ideals of residential independence for the elderly -- Old people's homes in household listings -- The marriage bond in old age: eighteenth-century ideals -- Provisions for widows in wills -- Conclusion -- 4 Independent but not alone: family ties for the elderly -- Adult children and old parents: reciprocal support and ideals of affection
Co-residence between parents and children -- Grandparents and grandchildren -- The wider network of kin -- Non-relatives in the homes of the elderly -- Conclusion -- 5 Community assistance to the aged under the Old Poor Law -- Relief to the aged under the Old Poor Law -- Regional variations in poor relief to the aged: national system or local solutions? -- The Old Poor Laws at the local level: assistance to the elderly in Terling, Puddletown, and Ovenden -- Explaining regional disparities in poor relief -- Family system -- Charity -- Economic explanations -- Conclusion -- 6 Continuity and change in community assistance to the elderly over the eighteenth century -- The scope of elderly dependence on parish relief in Terling and Puddletown -- The value of the parish pension -- Relief in kind -- Gender differences in poor relief to the aged -- Poor relief to the "old-old" -- Conclusion: continuity and change in outdoor relief -- 7 Within workhouse walls: indoor relief for the elderly -- The Role of workhouses in late eighteenth-century communities: Terling -- The role of workhouses in late eighteenth-century communities: Ovenden -- Workhouses around the nation -- The English workhouse as old-age asylum -- Conclusion -- Conclusion: Old age as a useful category of historical analysis -- Bibliography -- ARCHIVAL SOURCES -- calderdale district archives -- YALE UNIVERSITY, BEINECKE LIBRARY -- dorset record office -- essex record office -- PRINTED PRIMARY SOURCES -- SECONDARY SOURCES -- Index
This book presents an important study of the history of ageing
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Ottaway, Susannah R. The Decline of Life : Old Age in Eighteenth-Century England Cambridge : Cambridge University Press,c2004 9780521815802
Subject Older people--England--Social conditions--18th century
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