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Author Kelly, Robert L
Title The Lifeways of Hunter-Gatherers : The Foraging Spectrum
Imprint New York : Cambridge University Press, 2013
©2013
book jacket
Edition 2nd ed
Descript 1 online resource (384 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Intro -- Contents -- Tables -- Figures -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Chapter 1 Hunter-Gatherers and Anthropology -- Hunter-Gatherers in Pre-Twentieth-Century Thought -- The Patrilineal/Patrilocal Band -- The Generalized Foraging Model -- The Interdependent Model, or "Professional Primitives" -- Who Are Living Hunter-Gatherers? -- Marxist Approaches -- Hunter-Gatherers as a Cultural Type -- Hunter-Gatherers and Ecology -- Chapter 2 Environment, Evolution, and Anthropological Theory -- The Culture Area Concept -- Cultural Ecology -- Human Behavioral Ecology -- Natural Selection -- Methodological Individualism -- Optimization -- What about Culture? -- Conclusion -- Chapter 3 Foraging and Subsistence -- Environment and Diet -- The Diet-Breadth Model -- What Is the "Right" Return Rate? -- Importance of the Diet-Breadth Model -- The Patch Choice Model -- Problems with Optimal-Foraging Models and Their Solutions -- Randomness -- Pursuit of Resources -- Processing of Resources -- Who Is Foraging? -- How Do People Eat? -- The Marginal Value Theorem -- Central Place Foraging -- Other Factors to Consider -- Risk -- Why Only Calories? -- The Importance of Fatty Meat -- Conclusion -- Chapter 4 Mobility -- Mobility and the Environment -- Ethnographic Data on Mobility -- Number of Residential Moves per Year -- Average Distance per Residential Move -- Logistical Mobility and Territorial Coverage -- Individual Foraging and Camp Movement: A Central Place Foraging Model -- Risk -- Storage -- Other Factors -- Sedentism: Why Stop Moving? -- Foraging, Mobility, and Society -- The Mobility Ethos -- Foraging and Enculturation -- Foraging and Resource Conservation -- Conclusion -- Chapter 5 Technology -- What Is Technology? -- Ju/'hoan Technology -- Nuvugmiut Technology -- What Conditions Food-Getting Technology? -- Function -- Risk -- Mobility
Why Elaborate Technology? -- A Technological Investment Model -- Performance Characteristics -- Technology, Gender, and Prestige -- Conclusion -- Chapter 6 Sharing, Exchange, and Land Tenure -- Sharing -- Why Share? -- Kin Selection -- Reciprocal Altruism -- Tolerated Scrounging -- Costly Signaling -- What Explains Sharing? -- Land Tenure -- The Economic Defensibility Model -- Social-Boundary Defense -- The Winterhalder Model Reconsidered -- Conclusion -- Chapter 7 Group Size and Demography -- Group Size: The "Magic Numbers" 500 and 25 -- Communal versus Individual Foraging -- Carrying Capacity, Foraging, and Population Density -- Reproduction and Cultural Controls -- Preferential Female Infanticide -- Interview Data -- Sex Ratios -- Birth-Spacing Infanticide -- Juvenile Foraging -- Help for Mother -- The Ecology of Reproduction -- Breastfeeding -- Maternal Nutritional Condition -- Mortality -- Infant and Juvenile Mortality -- Lethal Violence -- Warfare -- Homicide -- Mobility and Population Growth -- Conclusion -- Chapter 8 Men, Women, and Foraging -- Division of Labor -- Why Do Men Hunt (and Women Not So Much)? -- Costly Signaling or Provisioning? -- Postmarital Residence -- Rules versus Actual Postmarital Residence -- Postmarital Residence as Social Strategy -- Descent -- Kinship as Social Strategy -- Marriage -- Gender, Marriage, and Social Inequality -- Brideservice -- Equal Bridewealth -- Unequal Bridewealth -- Polygyny -- Conclusion -- Chapter 9 Nonegalitarian Hunter-Gatherers -- Egalitarianism -- Male-Female Egalitarianism -- Nonegalitarian Hunter-Gatherers -- The Patron-Client Model of Inequality -- Sedentism and Population Growth -- Food Storage -- The Formation of Groups and Leaders -- Sharing -- Warfare -- Costly Displays -- The Patron-Client Relationship -- Resources That Are Not in Sync across a Landscape
Resources That Are in Sync across a Landscape -- An Example: The Northwest Coast -- Southern Coast -- Central Coast -- Northern Coast -- Enculturation and Inequality -- Conclusion -- Chapter 10 Hunter-Gatherers and Prehistory -- References -- Index
Challenges the preconceptions that hunter-gatherers were Paleolithic relics living in a raw state of nature, instead crafting a position that emphasizes their diversity
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Kelly, Robert L. The Lifeways of Hunter-Gatherers : The Foraging Spectrum New York : Cambridge University Press,c2013 9781107024878
Subject Hunting and gathering societies
Electronic books
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