LEADER 00000cam  22004098i 4500 
001    21852400 
005    20201231120412.0 
008    201223s2021    nyu      b    001 0 eng   
010    2020054632 
020    9780197542149|qhbk 
040    DLC|beng|erda|cDLC 
042    pcc 
043    cl----- 
050 00 JL966|b.B43 2021 
082 00 323/.042086942098|223 
100 1  Boulding, Carew,|eauthor 
245 10 Voice and inequality :|bpoverty and political 
       participation in Latin American democracies /|cCarew 
       Boulding, Claudio Holzner 
263    2105 
264  1 New York :|bOxford University Press,|c2021 
300    pages cm 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    unmediated|bn|2rdamedia 
338    volume|bnc|2rdacarrier 
504    Includes bibliographical references and index 
505 0  Democracy, political participation, and Latin America's 
       poorest citizens -- What shapes political participation of
       the poorest citizens? -- Patterns and puzzles -- Community
       organizations and mobilization from below -- Political 
       parties and electoral competition -- Inclusion and 
       exclusion during the left turn -- Quality of democracy -- 
520    "How do poor people in Latin America participate in 
       politics? What explains the variation in the patterns of 
       voting, protesting, and contacting government for the 
       region's poorest citizens? Why are participation gaps 
       larger in some countries than in others? This book offers 
       the first large scale empirical analysis of political 
       participation in Latin America, focusing on patterns of 
       participation among the poorest citizens in each country, 
       and comparing those patterns to those of individuals with 
       more resources. Far from being politically inert, under 
       certain conditions the poorest citizens in Latin America 
       can act and speak for themselves with an intensity that 
       far exceeds their modest socioeconomic resources. We argue
       that key institutions of democracy, namely civil society, 
       political parties, and competitive elections, have an 
       enormous impact on whether or not poor people turn out to 
       vote, protest, and contact government officials. When 
       voluntary organizations thrive in poor communities and 
       when political parties focus their mobilization efforts on
       poor individuals, they respond with high levels of 
       political activism. Poor people's activism also benefits 
       from strong parties, robust electoral competition and well
       -functioning democratic institutions. Where electoral 
       competition is robust and where the power of incumbents is
       constrained, we see higher levels of participation by poor
       individuals and more political equality. Precisely because
       the individual resource constraints that poor people face 
       are daunting obstacles to political activism, our 
       explanation focuses on those features of democratic 
       politics that create opportunities for participation that 
       have the strongest effect on poor people's political 
       behavior"--|cProvided by publisher 
650  0 Political participation|xSocial aspects|zLatin America 
650  0 Poor|xPolitical activity|zLatin America 
650  0 Poverty|xPolitical aspects|zLatin America 
650  0 Democracy|zLatin America 
650  0 Civil society|zLatin America 
700 1  Holzner, Claudio A.,|eauthor 
776 08 |iOnline version:|aBoulding, Carew,|tVoice and inequality
       |dNew York : Oxford University Press, 2021.|z9780197542163
       |w(DLC) 2020054633 
1 copy ordered for 人文社會聯圖 on 07-15-2021.