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作者 Aukerman, Maren Songmy
書名 Reading pedagogical decision-making: Shared evaluation pedagogy and shared reasoning in a community of teacher-learners
國際標準書號 0496056824
book jacket
說明 244 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 65-09, Section: A, page: 3339
Chair: P. David Pearson
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Berkeley, 2004
Professional development has often been about assuring teacher mastery of "best practices." But researchers ascribe great importance to developing creative practitioners who can make decisions "on the fly"; they have also noted that we know little about how teachers explore decision-making in professional development contexts (Anders, Hoffman, & Duffy, 2000). This study investigates how teachers in the "Reading Teaching Academy" wrestled with the evaluation of pedagogical decisions and particularly with the ways in which their responses to students' responses might change how children read
Through tutorial lessons, video observation sessions, and other activities, the teachers explored on-the-fly decisions made, not only by themselves, but also by colleagues and the program leadership. They made claims about many different decisions, but grappled especially with those linked to one central question: What would happen if students could not depend on the teacher to evaluate their textual hypotheses as right or wrong?
I began with discourse analysis of "shared evaluation pedagogy" (SHEP) itself, exploring how several students worked through divergent understandings of a text's meaning when their teacher did not step in to evaluate their claims. Through the openings provided, these students seemed to take considerable interpretive responsibility
Then, relying on discourse analysis and thematic analysis, I considered three additional questions: (a) How did teachers develop arguments about pedagogical decision-making? (b) When did conversation about decisions fail to serve as a frame for analyzing local decision-making? and (c) What did SHEP mean to these teachers?
I created a topology of the varied kinds of warrants teachers used to support their claims, and learned that some were more likely to provide avenues of exploring decision-making as locally contingent practice. Moreover, when teachers' conversation became largely directed toward situational uniqueness or pedagogical norms, it lost focus on local decision-making
I also found that, while most teachers found SHEP potentially powerful, some struggled to align it with existing pedagogical norms, or to develop new decision-making strategies consonant with this normative stance. My findings shed light on how professional educators can better meet teachers where they are, even as we ask them to rethink assumptions about reading instruction
School code: 0028
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 65-09A
主題 Education, Teacher Training
Education, Reading
0530
0535
Alt Author University of California, Berkeley
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