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作者 Ayittey, George B. N
書名 Indigenous African Institutions
出版項 Leiden : BRILL, 2006
©2006
國際標準書號 9789047440031 (electronic bk.)
9781571053374
book jacket
版本 2nd ed
說明 1 online resource (600 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Intro -- About the Author -- Acknowledgements -- INTRODUCTION:A CENTURY LOST -- A. Africa's Economic Collapse -- B. Who Ruined Africa? -- C. Western Culpability -- D. The Fundamental Cause of Postcolonial Africa's Ruin -- E. Myths and Misconceptions About Africa -- F. The Common Sense Approach to Africa's Ills -- G. Aim and Purpose of Book -- CHAPTER 1: THE INDIGENOUS SOCIAL SYSTEMS -- A. The Peasants' Social Structure and Organization: A Comparative Overview -- B. African Beliefs, Religion, and Customs -- 1. Philosophical Tenets -- 2. The Individual Versus the Society -- 3. The Fundamental Rights of the African People -- 4. The Concept of Wealth -- 5. Education -- C. Summary -- CHAPTER 2: THE INDIGENOUS LEGAL INSTITUTIONS -- A. Natural Law, Customary Law, and Statutory Law -- B. Native Courts-Courts and Customary Law -- 1. Jurisprudence in Stateless Societies -- 2. Jurisprudence in States -- C. Contracts and Property Rights -- 1. Property Claims -- 2. Settlement of Disputes and Court Cases -- D. Interethnic Conflicts and Disputes -- E. Summary -- CHAPTER 3: INDIGENOUS POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS -- A. Introduction -- B. Stateless Societies -- 1. Organizational Structure -- a. The Igbo Government -- b. The Fulani of Northern Nigeria -- c. The Somali -- d. The Gikuyu of Kenya -- e. The !Kung of the Kalahari -- 2. Selection and Role of the Headman in Stateless Societies -- C. Government in Chiefdoms -- 1. Day-to-Day Administration -- CHAPTER 4: THE AFRICAN CHIEF -- A. The Selection of the Chief -- B. The Functions of the Chief -- C. "Corruption as a Cultural Trait"-A Digression -- D. Checks Against Abuse of Power by the Chief -- 1. Religious or Supernatural Sanctions -- 2. Institutionalized Sanctions -- a. Private and Public Admonitions -- b. Prohibitions Against Office of Chieftaincy or Kingship
c. Political Pressure from Various Groups and Associations -- E. The Destoolment of the Chief (Removal from Office) -- F. Spontaneous (Peasant) Responses -- G. Lemma -- CHAPTER 5:AFRICAN KINGDOMS -- A. Organizational Structure -- 1. The Serer State/Kingdom (Senegal) -- 2. The Kingdoms of Sierra Leone (Temne and Mende) -- 3. The Mossi States/Kingdoms -- 4. The Ga-Dangme Kingdom -- 5. The Kingdom of Ife -- 6. The Kingdom of Kongo -- 7. The Basoga Kingdom of Uganda -- 8. The Swazi Kingdom -- 9. The Zulu Kingdom -- B. Exceptional Kingdoms -- 1. The Kingdom of Dahomey -- 2. The Dyola Kingdom -- C. The Traditional Role of African Kings -- 1. The African Concept of the Universe -- 2. The King's Link to the Universe -- D. The Selection and Removal of African Kings -- 1. The King of Cayor (Former Province of Ghana) -- 2. The Bur (Serer King) -- 3. The Ga King -- 4. The Asante King -- 5. The Oni or Oba (Yoruba King) -- 6. The Kongo King -- 7. The Luba King -- 8. The Zibondo of Basoga -- 9. The Kabaka of Buganda -- CHAPTER 6: GOVERNMENT IN NATIVE AFRICAN EMPIRES -- A. By Assimilation -- 1. The Mandinka (Islamic) Empire, 1870-98 -- 2. The Eighteenth Century Zande Kingdom -- 3. The Zulu Kingdom -- B. By Indirect Rule -- 1. The Ancient Empire of Ghana -- 2. The Wolof Empire -- 3. The Mali Empire -- 4. Nineteenth Century Asante Empire -- 5. The Oyo Empire (Yoruba) -- 6. The Kingdom of Benin -- 7. The Kanuri Empire (Northern Nigeria) -- 8. The Lunda Empire -- 9. The Kingdom of Kuba -- 10. The Empire of Mwene Mutapa (Great Zimbabwe) -- CHAPTER 7: THE NATIVE SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT: A SUMMARY AND AN ASSESSMENT -- A. Summary -- 1. Chiefdoms and Kingdoms -- a. Stability -- b. Indigenous Curbs Against Despotism -- c. Native Freedom of Expression -- d. Peasants' Power -- 2. The Empires -- a. Checks Against African Imperialism -- b. Absence of Strong Centralized Rule
B. Features of the Indigenous Political System -- 1. Beliefs -- 2. Native Courts -- 3. The Political System -- C. The Indigenous African Constitution -- D. The Indigenous African Political System: An Assessment -- E. Kritarchy and Democracy -- CHAPTER 8: THE INDIGENOUS ECONOMIC SYSTEM: CAPITAL AND PRODUCTION -- A. The "Economic Problem -- B. Production -- 1. Organization and Occupations -- 2. The Factors of Production: Supplies and Ownership -- a. Land Tenure -- b. Land and Chief in the Tribal Policy -- c. Land Acquisition -- d. Land Grab -- e. Land Sale -- f. Land Reform-A Digression -- g. Labor -- h. Capital -- i. Entrepreneurship and the Profit Motive -- CHAPTER 9: THE INDIGENOUS ECONOMIC SYSTEM: DISTRIBUTION -- A. Free Market and Free Trade Tradition -- 1. Markets Types and Organization -- a. Market Regulations and Controls -- b. Market Tolls and Taxes -- c. The Importance of Markets in Indigenous Africa -- d. Media of Exchange -- e. Market Prices -- f. Role of Women in the Distribution System -- 2. Means of Transportation/Roads -- B. The Role of Government in the Indigenous Economy -- 1. Government Intervention -- 2. Taxes -- C. Summary of the Features of the Indigenous Economic System -- 1. Land Tenure -- 2. European Enterprise -- D. The Indigenous Economic System: An Assessment -- E. Appendix: Gold Is Black and a Curse -- CHAPTER 10: THE INDIGENOUS INSTITUTIONS UNDER COLONIALISM -- A. Colonialism -- 1. Early Contacts and Scramble for Africa -- 2. Resistance Against Colonialism -- B. The Colonial State and Traditional Africa -- 1. Colonial Atrocities -- 2. African Chiefs Under Colonialism -- 3. Colonial Policies -- 4. The Native Institutions Under Colonialism -- C. Colonialism: An Assessment -- 1. European Imperialism -- 2. Arab Imperialism (CHAPTER 11: THE POSTCOLONIAL DESTRUCTION AND) -- BETRAYAL OF AFRICA -- A. Introduction
B. Monumental Leadership Failure -- C. The Ten-Count Indictment Against the Postcolonial Leadership -- 1. Charge Number 1: The Betrayal of the Cause for Freedom -- 2. Charge Number 2: The Institution of Brutal Political Tyranny -- 3. Charge Number 3: Intellectual Repression -- 4. Charge Number 4: Refusal to Take Responsibility -- 5. Charge Number 5: Functional Illiteracy- "Development by Imitation -- 6. Charge Number 6: The Imposition of Alien Ideologies and Systems on Africa -- a. Socialism-An Alien Ideology -- b. "Swiss-Bank" Socialism -- 7. Charge Number 7: The Economic Ruination of Africa -- a. The Golden Age of Peasant Prosperity -- 8. Charge Number 8: Butchers, Bombers, and Bandits (The 3-Bs) -- a. The Butchers -- b. The Bombers/Destroyers -- c. The Bandits -- 9. Charge Number 9: Denigration of the Indigenous -- a. The Indigenous Versus Western Institutions -- 10. Charge Number 10: The Persecution of the African Chief -- D. Summary -- CHAPTER 12: EPILOGUE -- A. Africa Beyond the New Millennium -- B. Botswana: Indigenous Success -- 1. The Keys to Botswana's Success -- C. Somalia's Collapse: Elite Folly -- D. African Solutions for African Problems -- E. Selected African Solutions -- 1. Resolving Political Crises: The African Way -- 2. Conflict Resolution: The African Way -- a. Benin City (Nigeria)-A Haven of Tranquility -- 3. Rural Development Under a Traditional Chief -- a. KwaDumisa: A Successful Village Development Model -- 4. Traditional Medicine -- 5. Integrating the Traditional and Modern -- a. Conservation: Lesson Under a Mango Tree -- b. How a Modern African Country Should Be Governed (Maps) -- Map 1: Principal Peoples and Languages of Africa -- Map 2: Trans-Saharan Trade Routes -- Map 3: Precolonial African States and Kingdoms, Tenth-Sixteenth Century -- Map 4: Precolonial African States and Kingdoms, Sixteen-Nineteenth Century
Map 5: Colonial Africa-1913 -- Map 6: Political Map of Africa-1990 -- Bibliography -- Index
George Ayittey's Indigenous African Institutions presents a detailed and convincing picture of pre-colonial and post-colonial Africa - its cultures, traditions, and indigenous institutions, including participatory democracy
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Ayittey, George B. N. Indigenous African Institutions Leiden : BRILL,c2006 9781571053374
主題 Indigenous peoples -- Africa.;Customary law -- Africa -- History.;Chiefdoms -- Africa -- History.;Africa -- Politics and government.;Africa -- History.;Africa -- Social life and customs
Electronic books
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