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作者 Bausch, Susan Elaine
書名 Crimes of passing [electronic resource] : The criminalization of blackness and miscegenation in United States passing narratives (Mark Twain, Nella Larsen, William Faulkner, James Weldon Johnson)
國際標準書號 0542133040
book jacket
03-30-2007 已為 歐美所圖書館 訂購 1 本.
說明 158 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 66-05, Section: A, page: 1765
Chair: Kathleen L. Komar
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Los Angeles, 2005
Between approximately 1880 and 1925, large numbers of legally black Americans crossed the color line and identified as white; in common parlance, they "passed." After Reconstruction, the South attempted to legislate the separation of the races by enacting "Jim Crow" laws that mandated segregation and prohibited miscegenation (at least within marriage). This meant that many passers were not just violating a social taboo by crossing the color line, they were also breaking the law. Even in the North, there were some anti-miscegenation laws on the books, although convention and prejudice probably played a bigger role in limiting mixed-race marriages. In effect, these laws made it a crime for a black person to do what a white person did, which means that blackness itself was criminalized
Crimes of Passing explores the overlap between racial passing and criminality as it plays out in three passing narratives that are also crime stories: Mark Twain's Pudd'nhead Wilson (1894), Nella Larsen's Passing (1929), and William Faulkner's Light in August (1932), as well as James Weldon Johnson's The Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man (1912). In the first three novels, the protagonist is a passing figure who also commits murder (and sometimes other crimes). The final novel in my study deviates from this pattern in that the protagonist's passing is successful and he commits no crimes (other than periodically violating Jim Crows laws); his narrative is about freedom from legal and extralegal harassment (in other words, about not being treated like a criminal), rather than the danger involved in crossing (and policing) racial boundaries
Read together, these novels create a compelling critique of America's history of criminalizing blackness and the crossing of racial boundaries. My methodology is primarily historical; to inform my reading of fictional representations of passing, I rely on court records and contemporary newspaper accounts of relevant court cases, race-based lynchings, and common attitudes towards miscegenation, as well as the novelists' autobiographies (when available). Placing these narratives in a legal and socio-historical context reveals their participation in a fascinating inter-textual dialogue between art, public opinion, and the law that is still ongoing
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Mich.: ProQuest
Mode of access: World Wide Web
System requrement: Internet access; World Wide Web browser
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 66-05A
主題 Literature, American
Literature, Comparative
Electronic books local
Alt Author ProQuest Information and Learning Co
University of California, Los Angeles
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