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作者 Berend, Iván
書名 Case Studies on Modern European Economy : Entrepreneurship, Inventions, and Institutions
出版項 London : Taylor & Francis Group, 2013
©2013
國際標準書號 9781135917616 (electronic bk.)
9780415639941
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (265 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Intro -- Case Studies on Modern European Economy Entrepreneurs, Inventions, Institutions -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Introduction -- Notes -- 1 The power of entrepreneurship -- Introduction -- Mayer Amschel Bauer and the foundation of the House of Rothschild -- James Nasmyth, the pioneer of standardized mass production of tools and machines -- The Morozov dynasty: from illiterate serfs to Russia's richest industrialists -- Werner and Wilhelm Siemens and the second industrial revolution -- William R. Morris and the British car industry -- Louis Renault and the French car industry -- Emil and Walther Rathenau: the birth of the German electric and electrochemical industries -- Jewish entrepreneurship in Hungary -- Women in business and management -- The birth of the Vizcaya iron industry in Spain -- Notes -- 2 The power of institutions: economic regimes and the permanent renewal of capitalism -- Introduction -- The cycle of protectionism and laissez-faire in the market economy -- The birth and renewal of capitalism: colonization and decolonization -- German wartime Planwirtschaft: the cradle of new economic regimes -- The economic regime of fascist modernization dictatorship -- The non-market, centrally planned economic regime -- The Nazi Grossraumwirtschaft and the Soviet-led Comecon-regional autarchy -- Trade unions and Sozialpartnerschaft -- Renewal of capitalism: the welfare state -- Renewal of capitalism: the regulated market system -- The European Union's redistributive system: towards a homogenous Europe -- Globalization: its winners and losers -- Notes -- 3 The power of ideas and inventions -- Introduction -- Enlightenment and Romanticism: the ideas of modern society and the nation-state -- Liberal and secular values that formed the modern capitalist attitude
Pre-modern culture that blocked the road to the modern capitalist transformation -- The two books that contributed the most to creating the modern world: Newton and Darwin -- Inventing and reinventing agriculture -- Revolutionizing transportation with the steam engine -- Killing the killers: from vaccinations to antibiotics -- The creation of synthetic dyes -- Electrical power and its applications -- From the macadam road to the autobahn -- The birth of the movie -- Women in work and on the labor market -- Wernher von Braun: the visionary pioneer of the missile technique-and an "apolitical" war criminal -- The computer, the internet, and the world wide web -- Notes -- 4 Pioneering companies -- Introduction -- The empires' companies and the companies' empires -- The port of Rotterdam-"port of Europe" -- Rolex-one of the most successful Swiss watch-makers -- Small is beautiful: "Fabriques collectives" in the Lyon silk industry -- The Ganz Works: a cutting edge engineering company in a less developed country -- The Thyssen empire: from local to global -- The Universal Suez Ship Canal Company -- The Orientalische Eisenbahnen company and German colonization plans -- Vickers-Armstrong: the multi-arms military giant -- The Dutch Philips: from the electrical to the electronic age -- "Guinness is good for you" -- The first airlines: Air France, KLM, and Lufthansa -- Gucci -- Notes -- 5 From the rise of industrial cities to post-industrial suburbanization -- Introduction -- The world's first industrial city: Manchester -- Lyon: the silk center of Europe -- Turin: the industrial capital of Italy -- The emergence of the largest urban industrial agglomeration: the Ruhrgebiet -- Budapest: an old capital city becomes a new industrial center -- The rise of Brno (Brünn), Central Europe's foremost industrial city -- Łódź-the "Polish Manchester"
Rebuilding of Paris and Prague in the second half of the nineteenth century -- Humanizing the cities: the garden city and pedestrianization -- Stalin's industrial fortresses: Stalingrad and Stálinváros -- The emergence of post-industrial cities: suburbanization -- The two major types of urban sprawl -- Notes -- 6 Bubbles, great depressions economic cycles -- Introduction -- The pharaoh's dream and modern economic cycles -- A shocking new recognition: Nikolai Kondratiev and the long economic cycles -- From the Dutch tulip bubble (1637) to the Irish housing-market bubble (2008) -- The greatest economic crash ever: the Great Depression of the 1930s -- Ivar Kreuger's suicide in 1932: the sensation and symbol of the Great Depression -- The anatomy of bank crashes in the 1930s -- History's greatest in.ation: Hungary 1938-46 -- How to make a state bankrupt: Greece, 1981-2010 -- The European peripheries and the 2008-12 economic crisis -- Notes -- Index
The last two centuries have been the scene of dramatic change throughout Europe. And one of the main causes of these tremendous and spectacular changes was the economy. These transformations were achieved by people: scientists and political thinkers, inventors and entrepreneurs, educators, skilled and educated workers. Who not only invented machines and computers, but were able to renew economic and political systems. This volume, therefore, presents a new approach to the period by looking at case studies to understand how these changes came about and the impact they had on modern Europe. Ivan Berend presents the spectacular history of modern European economy as a chain of "small" events, actions, and the ideas of individuals, as the influence of institutions and bold entrepreneurs. The essays are grouped into six chapters and discuss the power of entrepreneurship; the power of institutions; economic regimes and the permanent renewal of capitalism; the power of ideas and inventions; pioneering companies; from the rise of industrial cities to post-industrial suburbanization; bubbles, great depressions and economic cycles. All of the single episodes and personal stories offer a cross-section of the complex and interrelated history of modern Europe. Case Studies on Modern European Economy will be essential reading for students of economic and modern European history
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Berend, Iván Case Studies on Modern European Economy : Entrepreneurship, Inventions, and Institutions London : Taylor & Francis Group,c2013 9780415639941
主題 Entrepreneurship -- Europe -- Case studies.;Capitalism -- Europe -- Case studies.;Economic development -- Europe -- Case studies.;Europe -- Economic conditions
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