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作者 Boas, Hans Christian
書名 Resultative constructions in English and German
國際標準書號 9780493014814
book jacket
說明 680 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 61-11, Section: A, page: 4359
Director: Gert Webelhuth
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2000
This dissertation captures the licensing factors that underlie the distribution of resultative constructions in English and German. The usage-based model put forward in this dissertation argues for a constructional approach towards resultatives that regards the multiple conventionalized senses associated with verbs as central to a framework that aims at capturing the full range of resultative constructions. Based on corpus data which show that particular senses of verbs subcategorize for distinct semantic and/or syntactic classes of resultative phrases and distinct semantic classes of postverbal NPs, I argue that resultative constructions should be grouped into two main classes, namely conventionalized resultative constructions and non-conventionalized resultative constructions. On this view, each particular sense of a verb constitutes a mini-construction represented by an event-frame that captures the semantic/pragmatic and syntactic specifications of the sense of a verb
Adopting the main ideas of Frame Semantics, I propose that event-frames contain two types of interrelated information, namely linguistically immediately relevant on-stage information that needs to be overtly realized because it is conceptually the most salient type of information, and conceptual off-stage information that may be realized linguistically given the proper contextual conditions. Based on corpus data, I show that it is possible to account for the licensing of conventionalized resultative constructions in terms of the event-frames associated with verbs. Non-conventionalized resultative constructions are licensed by an analogical process by which a verb acquires a new syntactic frame. This associative process is triggered by a semantic overlap with a conventionalized resultative in combination with contextual background information
The similarities and differences in distribution between resultatives in English and German are shown to be due to the distinct lexical polysemy networks of English and German verbs. I show that historically related verbs exhibit different distributions of resultative constructions because of the differences in conventionalized usage patterns
School code: 0153
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 61-11A
主題 Language, Linguistics
0290
Alt Author The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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