MARC 主機 00000nam  2200373   4500 
001    AAI3071611 
005    20120113121920.5 
008    120113s2002    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9780493915128 
035    (UMI)AAI3071611 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Brooks, Charlotte 
245 10 Ascending California's racial hierarchy: Asian Americans, 
       housing, and government, 1920--1955 
300    405 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 63-
       11, Section: A, page: 4058 
500    Adviser: Nancy K. MacLean 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Northwestern University, 2002 
520    This dissertation examines the changing racial hierarchy 
       of urban California, focusing on Los Angeles and the San 
       Francisco Bay Area between 1920 and 1955. Before World War
       II, anti-Asian laws and traditions created a racial 
       hierarchy with whites on top, blacks and Mexican Americans
       in the middle, and Asian Americans on the bottom. But 
       after World War II, Asian Americans began to overtake 
       other nonwhite residents, eventually enjoying housing, job,
       and educational opportunities that other nonwhites did not
520    This study argues that housing is key to understanding 
       California's shifting racial hierarchy in part because of 
       the role the federal government played in regulating, 
       subsidizing, and shaping the racialized housing market. 
       This role grew astronomically during the period this 
       dissertation considers. Authorities in California, like 
       officials in most states, administered federal programs on
       the basis of race. Before World War Two, they included 
       blacks and Mexican Americans in at least some housing 
       initiatives, while barring Asian Americans from all of 
       them. As a result, Asian Americans crafted unique 
       identities and political strategies to gain access to 
       government housing benefits. People of Asian ancestry 
       often relied on positive white perceptions of Asian 
       ethnicity to win white support for better housing 
520    During World War Two, racialized government programs and 
       new international priorities also began working at cross-
       purposes. Federal immigration law limited Asian American 
       political power, and as a result, Asian American access to
       housing programs. But when Asian nations became U.S. 
       allies during World War Two, much of the white public 
       began to view Asian Americans more positively than other 
       nonwhite groups. During the Cold War, officials and the 
       white public often ignored housing discrimination against 
       blacks but considered anti-Asian American incidents 
       international embarrassments. At the same time, the 
       housing projects to which people of Asian ancestry once 
       had no access became symbols of racialized inner city 
       poverty. As a result, Asian Americans escaped their 
       ghettos at the very moment when government-supported black
       ghettos were hardening in California. This dissertation 
       argues that Asian Americans were able to do so because of 
       the way race had shaped housing policy, not in spite of it
590    School code: 0163 
650  4 History, United States 
650  4 Sociology, Ethnic and Racial Studies 
650  4 Sociology, Demography 
690    0337 
690    0631 
690    0938 
710 2  Northwestern University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g63-11A 
856 40 |u