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作者 Brooks, Charlotte
書名 Ascending California's racial hierarchy: Asian Americans, housing, and government, 1920--1955
國際標準書號 9780493915128
book jacket
說明 405 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 63-11, Section: A, page: 4058
Adviser: Nancy K. MacLean
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Northwestern University, 2002
This dissertation examines the changing racial hierarchy of urban California, focusing on Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area between 1920 and 1955. Before World War II, anti-Asian laws and traditions created a racial hierarchy with whites on top, blacks and Mexican Americans in the middle, and Asian Americans on the bottom. But after World War II, Asian Americans began to overtake other nonwhite residents, eventually enjoying housing, job, and educational opportunities that other nonwhites did not
This study argues that housing is key to understanding California's shifting racial hierarchy in part because of the role the federal government played in regulating, subsidizing, and shaping the racialized housing market. This role grew astronomically during the period this dissertation considers. Authorities in California, like officials in most states, administered federal programs on the basis of race. Before World War Two, they included blacks and Mexican Americans in at least some housing initiatives, while barring Asian Americans from all of them. As a result, Asian Americans crafted unique identities and political strategies to gain access to government housing benefits. People of Asian ancestry often relied on positive white perceptions of Asian ethnicity to win white support for better housing
During World War Two, racialized government programs and new international priorities also began working at cross-purposes. Federal immigration law limited Asian American political power, and as a result, Asian American access to housing programs. But when Asian nations became U.S. allies during World War Two, much of the white public began to view Asian Americans more positively than other nonwhite groups. During the Cold War, officials and the white public often ignored housing discrimination against blacks but considered anti-Asian American incidents international embarrassments. At the same time, the housing projects to which people of Asian ancestry once had no access became symbols of racialized inner city poverty. As a result, Asian Americans escaped their ghettos at the very moment when government-supported black ghettos were hardening in California. This dissertation argues that Asian Americans were able to do so because of the way race had shaped housing policy, not in spite of it
School code: 0163
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 63-11A
主題 History, United States
Sociology, Ethnic and Racial Studies
Sociology, Demography
Alt Author Northwestern University
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