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作者 Bruno, Elizabeth Franks
書名 Parenting behavior as a mediator of the relationship between marital stress and maladjustment in adolescents with and without spina bifida
國際標準書號 9780542835179
book jacket
說明 90 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-08, Section: B, page: 4700
Adviser: Grayson N. Holmbeck
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Loyola University Chicago, 2006
The negative impact of marital stress and discord on child development has been well documented in the literature. Only recently however, has attention been paid to the specific processes by which marital factors impact child development. Studies have shown that children may be more likely to react to psychosocial stress by exhibiting internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Little attention has been paid to the implications of marital stress on adolescent adjustment. The transitional period from preadolescence to adolescence appears particularly important because this stage of development sets the foundation for children's emotional adjustment well into adulthood. Of particular interest is how families of chronically ill children are impacted by marital stress. Chronically ill adolescents, such as children with spina bifida, are vulnerable to adjustment difficulties as they navigate the transition from childhood to adolescence as many have the added stress of adhering to a medical regimen that requires additional support from parent. Furthermore, children with spina bifida experience greater social isolation than their able-bodied peers. These two factors necessitate more direct contact with stressed parents
The present study was designed to investigate the process by which parenting behaviors mediate the relationship between marital stress and child adjustment in adolescents with and without spina bifida. Parenting behaviors including decreased warmth, decreased supportiveness, lower levels of acceptance and higher levels of anger and control will be investigated as a mediator of this relationship. It was predicted that the mediational effect of negative parenting behavior on the association between marital stress and adolescent adjustment behavior would show a stronger effect in families of children with spina bifida. More specifically, children with more severe symptoms of spina bifida would be affected by marital stress to a greater extent than children with less severe symptoms. Overall findings provide further support for the relationship between lower levels of marital conflict (i.e., marital stress) and child adjustment outcomes for families with and without a child with spina bifida. Contrary to prediction, the model by which parenting behavior mediates the relationship between marital stress and child adjustment was not supported. This was most likely because parenting behaviors were poor predictors of child outcomes in this study. Investigation of the moderating role of chronic illness found that children with spina bifida, in general, were not more likely to suffer the consequences of marital stress. Finally, illness severity was a significant moderator of the relationship between marital stress and adjustment as well as parenting and adjustment
School code: 0112
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 67-08B
主題 Psychology, Developmental
Psychology, Clinical
Alt Author Loyola University Chicago
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