MARC 主機 00000nam  2200373   4500 
001    AAI3255998 
005    20071221114926.5 
008    071221s2007                        eng d 
035    (UMI)AAI3255998 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Chang, Erick Paulo Cesar 
245 10 Entrepreneurship and economic development and growth in 
       America:  An investigation at the county level 
300    242 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 68-
       03, Section: A, page: 1063 
500    Adviser: James J. Chrisman 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Mississippi State University, 2007 
520    America is a nation where a strong entrepreneurial culture
       establishes favorable conditions that create approximately
       600,000 new firms per year (SBA Office of Advocacy, 2006).
       Individuals' decisions to pursue entrepreneurship are 
       influenced by environmental conditions such as 
       demographics, economic factors, and prior entrepreneurial 
       activity in their communities (Minnitti & Bygrave, 1999). 
       Proponents of the endogenous growth model (Lucas, 1988; 
       Romer, 1986) indicate that the notion of knowledge 
       spillovers and investment in human capital lead to the 
       formation of new businesses that improve the economic 
       development and growth of a region 
520    The purpose of this dissertation is twofold. First, a 
       conceptual model that comprises determinants and 
       consequences of new venture creation in a region is 
       derived from the framework developed by Minnitti and 
       Bygrave (1999) and Bygrave and Minnitti (2000) and 
       theories of economic development and growth. Second, using
       a sample of 2,300 U.S. counties, empirical tests are 
       conducted on a set of hypotheses derived from the 
       conceptual model 
520    Results support eight hypotheses: (a) net migration, 
       population change by natural increase, skilled labor, 
       level of infrastructure, and prior entrepreneurship 
       activity positive influences new venture creation; (b) new
       venture creation positive influences economic development 
       and economic growth; and (c) new venture creation mediates
       the relationship between prior entrepreneurship activity 
       and economic development. Further support is obtained on 
       indicators of demographic composition and economic factors
       to exert effects on economic development and economic 
       growth. Also new venture creation partial mediates the 
       relationship between (a) indicators of demographic 
       composition and economic factors and (b) economic 
       development and economic growth 
520    This study contributes to knowledge by empirically testing
       an existing framework of entrepreneurship as well as 
       assessing how new venture creation improves the economic 
       development and growth in America's counties. Particularly,
       the study finds environmental determinants to foster new 
       venture creation and confirms the contention that new 
       venture creation contributes to improve the economic 
       conditions of a region 
520    Recommendations for future theoretical and empirical 
       research as well as practical implications for 
       entrepreneurs and policymakers are also discussed 
520    Keywords. Entrepreneurship, Economic Development, Economic
590    School code: 0132 
590    DDC 
650  4 Business Administration, Management 
650  4 Economics, General 
690    0454 
690    0501 
710 20 Mississippi State University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g68-03A 
856 40 |u