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作者 Chen, Yali
書名 AFM study of the plastic deformation behavior of poly-synthetically-twinned (PST) titanium aluminide crystals
國際標準書號 0496730883
book jacket
說明 175 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 65-03, Section: B, page: 1498
Supervisor: David P. Pope
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Pennsylvania, 2004
The plastic deformation behavior of PST TiAl crystals was investigated using AFM techniques to reveal the effects of lamellar structure on the deform mechanisms of two-phase TiAl materials. PST crystals with a nominal composition of Ti52Al48 (atomic percent) were grown by the floating zone method and at various orientations deformed in compression at room temperature. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) was employed to investigate the deformation structure on the free surfaces. The deformation of the PST crystals is highly anisotropic and the deformation mechanism changes dramatically with sample orientation. When the angle between the loading axis and the lamellar interfaces is below 20°, the gamma lamellae deform by dislocation slip and twinning on planes oblique to the lamellar interfaces, but the Burgers vectors or the resultant shear vectors are parallel to the lamellar interfaces inside each lamella. When the angle is between 20° and 80° the gamma phase deforms by shear on planes parallel to the lamellar interfaces. Some domains deform by a combination of ordinary dislocation slip and twinning. In the domains where twinning cannot be activated, slip occurs by ordinary dislocations or superdislocations. When the loading axis is nearly perpendicular to the lamellar interfaces ordinary dislocation slip and twinning on slip planes inclined with the lamellar interfaces are dominant and the shear is trans-lamellar. The three deformation modes are termed as A, B and N type deformation modes respectively. In the A type mode the alpha2 lamellae concomitantly deform by prismatic slip. In the other two modes, the alpha2 phase does not deform and acts as strong obstacles to the transfer of deformation. Abundant misfit dislocations are emitted from the lamellar interfaces which is beneficial for the plastic deformation. On the other hand, the lamellar interfaces strongly impede trans-lamellar deformation and channel the deformation inside each lamella. The inhomogeneous coherency stresses at the lamellar interfaces also lead to heterogeneous deformation of PST crystals. The deformation behavior of the lamellar grains produces remarkable strain incompatibility in lamellar polycrystals and deteriorates the deformability
School code: 0175
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 65-03B
主題 Engineering, Materials Science
Alt Author University of Pennsylvania
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