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作者 Chen, Yanbei
書名 Topics of LIGO physics: Quantum noise in advanced interferometers and template banks for compact-binary inspirals
國際標準書號 0496411799
book jacket
說明 426 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 64-06, Section: B, page: 2714
Adviser: Kip S. Thorne
Thesis (Ph.D.)--California Institute of Technology, 2003
This thesis deals with the planning for advanced interferometeric gravitational-wave detectors, as well as the detection of inspiral waves using first-generation interferometers
In Chapters 2--4 (in collaboration with Alessandra Buonanno), the signal recycling interferometer proposed for LIGO-II is studied in the two-photon formalism. This study reveals the optical spring effect, which allows the interferometer to beat the standard quantum limit, while in the same time introduces a dynamical instability. A classical control system is designed to suppress this instability. In Chapter 5 (in collaboration with Alessandra Buonanno and Nergis Mavalvala), the quantum noise in heterodyne readout schemes for advanced interferometers is studied. In Chapter 6 (in collaboration with Patricia Purdue), a QND Speed-Meter interferometer with Michelson topology is proposed, analyzed and shown to be a promising candidate for third-generation interferometers (LIGO-III or EURO). This design requires adding a kilometer-scale cavity into the interferometer. In Chapter 7, Sagnac interferometers are analyzed and shown to exhibit a similar broadband QND performance without the need of additional cavity---as expected since these interferometers are sensitive only to time-dependent mirror displacement, and are automatic speed meters
In Chapter 8 (in collaboration with Alessandra Buonanno and Michele Vallisneri), the Post-Newtonian (PN) breakdown at late-stage inspirals of non-spinning binary black holes (with 5 M⊙ < m1, m2 < 20 M⊙ ) is studied. We propose the use of Detection Template Families (DTFs)---extensions of ordinary PN templates that can mimic all different PN waveforms and hence are plausible to catch the real waveform, yet do not provide straightforward parameter estimation
In Chapter 9 (in collaboration with Alessandra Buonanno and Michele Vallisneri), binaries carrying spins are studied using an adiabatic PN model. Based on features of the precession dynamics, we construct a DTF, using a modified Apostolatos' ansatz, that can mimic the modulated waveforms reasonably well, while keeping a small number of parameters to be searched over one by one, with the rest searched over automatically. We also propose a (computationally) plausible way of searching over the entire physical parameter space of neutron-star-black-hole binaries
School code: 0037
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 64-06B
主題 Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics
Physics, Optics
Alt Author California Institute of Technology
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