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作者 Chhabra, Mahendra
書名 Oxygen transport through soft contact lens and cornea: Lens characterization and metabolic modeling
國際標準書號 9780549528074
book jacket
說明 212 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 69-03, Section: B, page: 1776
Advisers: Clayton J. Radke; John M. Prausnitz
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Berkeley, 2007
The human cornea requires oxygen to sustain metabolic processes critical for its normal functioning. Any restriction to corneal oxygen supply from the external environment (e.g., by wearing a low oxygen-permeability contact lens) can lead to hypoxia, which may cause corneal edema (swelling), limbal hyperemia, neovascularization, and corneal acidosis. The need for adequate oxygen to the cornea is a major driving force for research and development of hypertransmissible soft contact lenses (SCLs)
Currently, there is no standard technique for measuring oxygen permeability (Dk) of hypertransmissible silicone-hydrogel SCLs. In this work, an electrochemistry-based polarographic apparatus was designed, built, and operated to measure oxygen permeability in hypertransmissible SCLs. Unlike conventional methods where a range of lens thickness is needed for determining oxygen permeabilities of SCLs, this apparatus requires only a single lens thickness. The single-lens permeameter provides a reliable, efficient, and economic tool for measuring oxygen permeabilities of commercial hypertransmissible SCLs
The single-lens permeameter measures not only the product Dk, but, following modification, it measures separately diffusivity, D, and solubility, k, of oxygen in hypertransmissible SCLs. These properties are critical for designing better lens materials that ensure sufficient oxygen supply to the cornea
Metabolism of oxygen in the cornea is influenced by contact-lens-induced hypoxia, diseases such as diabetes, surgery, and drug treatment, Thus, estimation of the in-vivo corneal oxygen consumption rate is essential for gauging adequate oxygen supply to the cornea. Therefore, we have developed an unsteady-state reactive-diffusion model for the cornea-contact-lens system to determine in-vivo human corneal oxygen-consumption rate
Finally, a metabolic model was developed to determine the relation between contact-lens oxygen transmissibility (Dk/L) and corneal oxygen deficiency. A new parameter "Oxygen Deficiency Factor" (ODF) is defined to quantify oxygen deficiency in local regions of the cornea. We use this concept to determine the minimum required contact-lens oxygen transmissibility, Dk/L = 150 Barrer/cm, to avoid hypoxia-induced corneal physiologic complications
School code: 0028
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 69-03B
主題 Engineering, Biomedical
Engineering, Chemical
Engineering, Materials Science
Alt Author University of California, Berkeley
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