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作者 Chow, Yachun
書名 Economic growth and environmental quality: Case study of Taiwan
國際標準書號 9780542654442
book jacket
說明 154 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-04, Section: B, page: 1889
Adviser: Richard C. Smardon
Thesis (Ph.D.)--State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, 2006
This study reviews the economic growth trend and the evolution of environmental protection in Taiwan. Based on the observations of Taiwan experience, the theory of duality for the relationship between environmental protection and economic growth is proposed. The theory of duality proposes that both environmental protection and economic growth have the same goal which is to increase human welfare. My dissertation captures this relationship
While exploring the collaboration between environmental protection and economic growth, this study also examines Taiwan data for Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) pattern. The study employs simple regression analysis to test the existence of an EKC pattern for three water quality variables (tap-water, DO, & BOD5), one energy variable (domestic energy consumption), and seven air quality variables (CO2, O3, PSI, PM 10, CO, SO2, & NO2). Only some air quality variables, including PSI, PM10, CO, SO2, and NO 2, exhibit an EKC pattern, meaning there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between environmental quality and economic growth. The study further employs Mixed Model to include country-specific variables in the model to investigate the relationship between environmental quality and economic growth and other socio-economic variables. I found that an EKC pattern still exists for O 3, PSI, CO, and SO2 after other socio-economic variables are included in the model. This step also concludes that regulatory stringency plays a pivotal role in affecting air quality variables under the coexistence of economic growth
This study provides four policy implications to the Taiwan government in reforming environmental policies. These policy implications include optimizing growth paths to maximize the combined welfare from environmental quality and economic growth; to include country-specific variables while exploring the relationship between environmental quality and economic growth; to conduct emission/effluent inventories; and to maintain the stringency of environmental regulations. This study enriches EKC literature by interpreting the occurrence of turning points and the reason why only local pollutants exhibit an EKC pattern, the reason why the curve would fall after the turning points, the importance of utilizing a single-country study, and the mechanism that guards environmental quality after the turning points
School code: 0213
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 67-04B
主題 Environmental Sciences
0768
Alt Author State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry
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