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作者 Chu, Bong-Chieh Benjamin
書名 Biosolar energy generation and harvesting from biomolecule-copolymer hybrid systems
國際標準書號 9780542967283
book jacket
說明 118 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-11, Section: B, page: 6549
Adviser: Carlo D. Montemagno
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Los Angeles, 2006
Alternative energy sources have become an increasingly important topic as energy needs outpace supply. Furthermore, as the world moves into the digital age of portable electronics, highly efficient and lightweight energy sources will need to be developed. Current technology, such as lithium ion batteries, provide enough power to run portable electronics for hours or days, but can still allow for improvement in their power density (W/kg). Utilizing energy-transducing membrane proteins, which are by nature highly efficient, it is possible to engineer biological-based energy sources with energy densities far greater than any solid-state systems. Furthermore, solar powered membrane proteins have the added benefit of a virtually unlimited supply of energy
This work has developed protein-polymer hybrid films and nanoscale vesicles for a variety of applications from fuel-cell technology to biological-based photovoltaics. Bacteriorhodopsin (BR), a light-activated proton pump, and Cytochrome C Oxidase (COX), a protein involved in the electron transport chain in mitochondria, were reconstituted into biomimetic triblock copolymer membranes. Block copolymer membranes mimic the amphiphilic nature of a natural lipid bilayer but exhibit greater mechanical stability due to UV-polymerizable endgroups. In BR/COX functionalized nanovesicles, proton gradients generated by the light-activated proton pumping of BR are used to drive COX in reverse to generate electrons, providing a hybrid biologically-active polymer to convert solar energy to chemical energy, and finally to electrical energy
This work has found protein activity in planar membranes through the photoelectric current generation by BR and the proton pumping activity of BR-functionalized polymer membranes deposited onto proton exchange membranes, as well as the coupled functionality of BR and COX through current generation in cyclic voltammetry and direct current measurements. Current switching between light and dark environments of composite BR/COX polymer vesicles show a light-dependent current generation with current changes as high as 10muA. Furthermore, electrode modifications were made using polymer and polymer/carbon nanotube (CNT) coatings as anti-absorbent and conductive anti-absorbent layers for the purpose of a more robust electrode. These findings have shown that biological functionality can be engineered into synthetic polymers to make hybrid devices
School code: 0031
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 67-11B
主題 Engineering, Biomedical
Energy
0541
0791
Alt Author University of California, Los Angeles
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