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作者 Khalfan, Amish N
書名 Dynamic NMR studies of polymer electrolyte materials for application to lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells
國際標準書號 9780549235200
book jacket
說明 227 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 68-10, Section: B, page: 6719
Adviser: Steven G. Greenbaum
Thesis (Ph.D.)--City University of New York, 2007
This dissertation investigates the structural and dynamical properties of polymer electrolyte materials for applications to lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells. The nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique was used to characterize these materials. NMR aids in understanding the local environments of nuclei and the mobility of a molecular/ionic species. Five research projects were carried out, and they have been outlined in this work
NASA has developed rod-coil block copolymers for use as electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries. The copolymers exhibit a microphase separation within their structure leading to the formation of ionically conducting channels. We studied ion transport properties of the copolymers, and determined the predominant mechanism for transport to occur in the amorphous phase
Seven gel polymer electrolytes, each containing a mixture of LiBETI salt and organic solvents, were studied. Two of them incorporated BMI (1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium) ionic liquid. Ionic liquids are room temperature molten salts. BMI had been thought to enhance ion mobility. However, the BMI component was observed to restrict ion mobility
Gel polymer electrolytes containing LiTFSI salt and P13TFSI ionic liquid with or without the inclusion of ethylene carbonate (EC) were studied for application to lithium metal/air batteries, which have high theoretical energy densities. The addition of EC was found to improve lithium ion transport. The gels with EC therefore prove to be favorable for use as electrolytes in lithium metal/air batteries
Highly sulfonated poly(arylenethioethersulfone) (SPTES) membranes were examined for use in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) as an alternative to the Nafion membrane. DMFCs use methanol as a fuel instead of reformed hydrogen as in conventional proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Compared to Nafion, the SPTES membranes were shown to retain water better at high temperatures and yield lower methanol diffusion
SPTES membranes with the addition of fluorine groups (6F-SPTES) were also studied, and these membranes had been thought to show an improvement in water transport properties over SPTES. However, water diffusion studies of the 6F-SPTES membranes revealed the fluorinated membranes to be unfavorable. The morphology of the FSPTES is suspected to be more susceptible to the loss of bound water at higher temperatures than SPTES
School code: 0046
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 68-10B
主題 Chemistry, Polymer
Physics, Condensed Matter
Energy
0495
0611
0791
Alt Author City University of New York. Physics
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