MARC 主機 00000nam  2200433   4500 
001    AAI3337471 
005    20101022142726.5 
008    101022s2008    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9780549925811 
035    (UMI)AAI3337471 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Cozort, Rachel W 
245 10 Revising the Gerotranscendence Scale for use with older 
       adults in the southern United States and establishing 
       psychometric properties of the revised Gerotranscendence 
       Scale 
300    254 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 69-
       12, Section: A, page: 4829 
500    Adviser: Anita S. Tesh 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of North Carolina at 
       Greensboro, 2008 
520    Healthcare providers have long recognized that people 
       change over the course of their lives. Early developmental
       theorists focused on changes across childhood. More 
       recently, theorists and providers of elder care have 
       attempted to define how older adults mature. Lars Tornstam,
       professor of sociology at Uppsala University in Sweden, 
       developed the Theory of Gerotranscendence, which posits 
       that the developmental tasks for older adults include 
       gaining perspective on past life events, attaining wisdom,
       and preparing for death. The Theory of Gerotranscendence 
       may lead to a more balanced understanding of how older 
       adults continue to mature at the end of life. Tornstam 
       also developed the Gerotranscendence Scale (GS) for use in
       Sweden and Denmark. A culturally appropriate and 
       psychometrically sound tool is needed to explore 
       gerotranscendence in the southern United States 
520    The purpose of this study was to revise the GS for use 
       with older adults in the southern United States. 
       Tornstam's Theory of Gerotranscendence and Measurement 
       Theory were used to guide the study. This triangulated 
       mixed-methods methodological study was conducted in two 
       phases 
520    The purpose of Phase I was to ascertain if items on the GS
       were understandable to older adults in the southern United
       States and to reword the items as necessary. Two focus 
       groups of older adults (n=17) were convened to review the 
       items. Group consensus was used to revise the scale. Both 
       scoring and wording were changed in the resulting revised 
       scale (GS-R) 
520    The purpose of Phase II was to examine selected 
       psychometric properties of the GS-R. An expert panel 
       reviewed the GS-R for content validity. The GS-R was 
       administered to 124 older adults, along with the Life 
       Satisfaction Inventory in Aging (LSI-A), the Purpose in 
       Life Test (PILT) and Successful Aging Inventory (SAI). Two
       weeks later the GS-R was re-administered to 90 of the 
       respondents 
520    The GS-R was found to have adequate test-retest 
       reliability ( r = .53, p < .001), internal consistency 
       reliability (alpha = 0.61), face validity, and content 
       validity  (CVI = 0.86). Tests of hypotheses provided 
       preliminary support of construct validity. However, 
       several items on the GS-R were found to be problematic and
       reliability for some subscales was low. Results suggest 
       that gerotranscendence may be a measurable construct in 
       southern older adults, but the scale needs further 
       revision. Results also raise the question about use of 
       reverse scored items with this population 
590    School code: 0154 
650  4 Gerontology 
650  4 Health Sciences, Nursing 
650  4 Psychology, Psychometrics 
690    0351 
690    0569 
690    0632 
710 2  The University of North Carolina at Greensboro.|bSchool of
       Nursing 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g69-12A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/
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