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作者 Dou, Yaping
書名 The Self Reformation of Buddhism in the Funding Period of the People's Republic of China---A Case Study of Ven. Ju Zan
國際標準書號 9781267063564
book jacket
說明 217 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 73-03, Section: A, page:
Adviser: Yu Xue
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Chinese University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong), 2010
The main purpose of this research is to survey how Chinese Buddhism adopted itself to socialism though the case study of Ven. Ju Zan during the founding period of People' Republic of China. Since the communists assumed power, the new government carried out a series of socialist reform in order to reconstruct the whole society. Buddhists also have to make adjustment for survival
Ven. Ju Zan played a distinctive role as the leader during this adapting process. The innovation of Chinese Buddhism after 1949 can be regarded as the legacy of the Buddhist reform initiated by Master Taixu in the Republic period. Ju Zan is an excellent follower of Tai Xu and greatly influenced by him. Ju Zan is also an activist with critical consciousness. After the death of Mater Tai Xu in 1947 and the triumph of Chinese Communist Party in the civil war, he decided to cooperate with the communist regime and carry out the refonn of Buddhism. Ju Zan submitted a reform plan of Chinese Buddhism to the central government, advocated self labor of the sanga, which may develop a lifestyle for Chinese Buddhism in the circumstance of the Land Reform and the socialist transformation of national economy
As the Korean War broke out in 1950, Chinese government decided to send a voluntary army to the front line and mobilized the whole country to support the war. Ven. Ju Zan reinterpreted the Mahayana doctrine, emphasized the concept of compassionate killing and repayment of kindness based on patriotism, justified the legitimacy of Buddhist participation in the Resist America Aid Korea Movement. And the Buddhists successfully proved their patriotic and political loyalty to the socialist regime
To adapt the ideological change after 1949, many progressive Buddhist scholars tried to link up Buddhism and Marxism, created a type of new Buddhist doctrine system with the name of Buddho-Marxist Syncretism. The main concern of these syncretists was clarifying the validity of Buddhism in the socialist era. Although Ven. Ju Zan believed that Buddhism and Marxism are consistent, he noticed the potential risk of excessive demonstration would blur the boundary between them. Then Ju Zan persuaded all the Buddhists should pay more attention to the Self Remolding Movement
As all above, Ven. Ju Zan served as an active coordinator between the central government and Buddhist sanga, tried his best to avoid the potential contradiction during the adaptation of Chinese Buddhism to socialism. Confronted with the inevitable social-political reformation launched by the powerful communist regime, Ju Zan did not fully surrender his faith, but did whatever he can to make Buddhism survive from the dramatic changes
School code: 1307
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 73-03A
主題 Biography
Religion, History of
History, Asia, Australia and Oceania
Alt Author The Chinese University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong)
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