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100 1  Drolet, Marie-Josee 
245 12 L'universalite des droits humains dans le contexte du 
       pluralisme axiologique inherent aux relations 
       internationales: Le cas du confucianisme 
300    473 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 71-
       12, Section: A, page:  
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Universite de Montreal (Canada), 2010 
520    The demonstration elaborated here is similar, to a certain
       extent, to the one developed by Amartya Kumar Sen in The 
       Argumentative Indian .4 In his work, Sen discusses India's
       intellectual and political inheritance, and the way this 
       tradition is essential for the success of the democracy 
       and secular politics of the Indian State. For our part, 
       our interest lies not with India, but with China, quite 
       particularly with the intellectual, political and moral 
       legacy of the early Confucian scholars, and the relevancy 
       to revisit, nowadays, Classical Confucian teachings in 
       order to conceive and establish human rights in China 
520    More precisely, our reflection lies within the 
       contemporary debate, which takes place on an international
       scale, surrounding the so-called Asian values and human 
       rights. For the advocates of the Asian values thesis, 
       Asian values would be associated with the so-called Asian 
       development model, which would distinguish itself from the
       "Western" model by resisting for instance human rights. 
       These rights, having a western origin and being, in many 
       respects, in breach with Asian values, would be neither 
       desirable in Asia (particularly in China) nor compatible 
       with Asian values (specifically with Confucian values) 
520    In our thesis, we refute this point of view. By the 
       intervention of an analysis of the Universal Declaration 
       of Human Rights of 1948 and an examination of four texts 
       founders of the Classical Confucianism who are: the 
       Analects (Lunyu)5, the Mencius (Mengzi), the Great 
       Learning (Daxue), and the Practice of the Mean 
       (Zhongyong)6, we demonstrate that this understanding of 
       things is unjustified. Human rights are not incompatible 
       with Confucian values and their adoption is desirable in 
       Asia (including China), quite as it is in Western 
       countries. Actually, the philosophy of human rights and 
       the Classic Confucian thought have numerous conceptual, 
       axiological and normative affinities. Far from being in 
       opposition, these theoretical views converge, because they
       both care about the human being, his vital needs, and his 
       self-fulfillment within the community. Our demonstration 
       leans, for the most part, on the analysis of a key concept
       of the Confucian ethical and political thought that is the
       notion of humanity, or humaneness (ren) and the closely 
       related notion of gentleman, or morally noble person ( 
520    Keywords: Asian values, Human Rights, Classical Confucian 
       thought, Confucianism, Confucius, Mencius, humanity, 
       benevolence, humaneness,  ren, and junzi 
520    4 Amartya Kumar Sen, The Argumentative Indian: Writings on
       Indian History, Culture and Identity, New York: Picador, 
       2005. 5 We adopt the phonetic transcription of Chinese 
       characters called pinyin. The pinyin has been established 
       by the Chinese in 1957 and is the transcription mostly 
       used today by Sinologists. A glossary can be found in the 
       appendices, which indicates cited transcriptions in this 
       thesis (see the Appendix 5). 6 Andre Levy,  Les Entretiens
       de Confucius et de ses disciples [Lunyu], Paris: 
       Flammarion, 1994 et Mencius [Mengzi], Paris: You-Feng, 
       2003; Andrew Plaks, Ta Hsueh and Chung Yung  (The Highest 
       Order of Cultivation and On the Practice of the Mean) 
       [Daxue et Zhongyong], New York: Penguin Books, 2003 
590    School code: 0992 
650  4 Ethics 
650  4 Philosophy 
690    0394 
690    0422 
710 2  Universite de Montreal (Canada) 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g71-12A 
856 40 |u