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作者 Dusseldorp, Gerrit L
書名 A view to a kill : Investigating Middle Palaeolithic subsistence using an Optimal Foraging perspective
出版項 Leiden : Sidestone Press, 2009
國際標準書號 9789088901652 (electronic bk.)
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (203 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Intro -- CONTENTS -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Research design -- 2 Neanderthal Biology -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Neanderthal evolution -- 2.3 Neanderthal distribution patterns -- 2.4 Neanderthal anatomy and adaptation -- 2.5 Neanderthal brains -- 2.6 Neanderthal dietary niche and its implications -- 2.7 Neanderthal lives -- 2.8 Concluding remarks -- 3 Neanderthal Archaeology -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Neanderthal mobility and the study of foraging behaviour -- 3.3 Neanderthal archaeozoology -- 3.4 Material culture -- 3.5 Other aspects of Neanderthal archaeology -- 3.6 Summary and Conclusion -- 4 Optimal foraging models and Neanderthal archaeology -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 General assumptions and criticism -- 4.3 An example of an OFT model: The diet breadth model -- 4.4 Applications of diet breadth in the study of the Middle Palaeolithic -- 4.5 On reconstructing the model's parameters -- 4.6 Possible confounding factors in the archaeological record -- 4.7 Modelling Neanderthal diet breadth -- 4.8 Modelling hyena diet breadth -- 4.9 Summary and conclusion -- 5 Biache-Saint-Vaast -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 The site -- 5.3 Dating -- 5.4 Stratigraphy and archaeological horizons -- 5.5 The stone artefacts -- 5.6 The bone assemblage -- 5.7 The environment -- 5.8 Applying OFT to Biache-Saint-Vaast -- 5.9 Discussion -- 5.10 Conclusion -- 6 Taubach -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 The site -- 6.3 Dating -- 6.4 The archaeological finds -- 6.5 The bone collection -- 6.6 The environment -- 6.7 Applying OFT to Taubach -- 6.8 Discussion -- 6.9 Conclusion -- 7 Hyena foraging -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Hyena ecology -- 7.3 Hyena sites -- 7.4 Expectations for the study of Pleistocene hyenas -- 7.5 Case-studies -- 7.6 Discussion -- 7.7 Conclusion -- 8 Discussion -- 8.1 Application of the diet breadth model to archaeological data -- 8.2 Reconstructing the model's variables
8.3 Modelling Neanderthals -- 8.4 This study -- 8.5 Application of OFT to Biache-Saint-Vaast and Taubach -- 8.6 The analysis in context -- 9 Conclusion -- 10 References -- Dutch Summary -- Acknowledgements -- Curriculum vitae
The sophistication of Neanderthal behavioural strategies have been the subject of debate from the moment of their recognition as a separate species of hominin in 1856. This book presents a study on Neanderthal foraging prowess. Novel ethnographic and primatological insights, suggest that increasing dependence on high quality foods, such as meat, caused the brain to evolve to a large size and thus led to highly intelligent hominins. From this baseline, the author studies the Neanderthal archaeological record in order to gain insight into the knowledge-intensity of Neanderthal hunting behaviour. In this research, an optimal foraging perspective is applied to Pleistocene bone assemblages. According to this perspective, foraging success is an important factor in an individuals evolutionary fitness. Therefore foraging is organised as efficiently as possible. The prey species that were selected and hunted by Neanderthals are analysed. The author investigates economic considerations that influenced Neanderthal prey choice. These considerations are based on estimates of the population densities of the available prey species and on estimates of the relative difficulty of hunting those species. The results demonstrate that when Neanderthals operated within poor environments, their prey choice was constrained: they were not able to hunt species living in large herds. In these environments, solitary species were the preferred prey. It is striking that Neanderthals successfully focussed on the largest and most dangerous species in poor environments. However, in richer environments, these constraints were lifted and species living in herds were successfully exploited. In order to assess the accuracy of this approach, bone assemblages formed by cave hyenas are also analysed. The combined results of the Neanderthal and hyena analyses show that an optimal
foraging perspective provides a powerful tool to increase our understanding of Pleistocene ecology. The niches of two social carnivores of similar size, which were seemingly similar, are successfully distinguished. This result lends extra credence to the conclusions regarding Neanderthal foraging strategies. This book contributes to the debate surrounding Neanderthal competence and ability. It combines an up-to-date review of current knowledge on Neanderthal biology and archaeology, with novel approaches to the archaeological record. It is thus an important contribution to the current knowledge of this enigmatic species
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Dusseldorp, Gerrit L. A view to a kill : Investigating Middle Palaeolithic subsistence using an Optimal Foraging perspective Leiden : Sidestone Press,c2009 9789088900204
主題 Neanderthals.;Paleolithic period -- Europe.;Hunting and gathering societies -- Europe.;Europe -- Antiquities
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