MARC 主機 00000nam  2200373   4500 
001    AAI9906661 
005    20080922130826.5 
008    080922s1998    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9780599044708 
035    (UMI)AAI9906661 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Eng, Milton 
245 14 The days of our years: A lexical semantic study of the 
       life cycle in biblical Israel 
300    229 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 59-
       09, Section: A, page: 3502 
500    Chair: Herbert B. Huffmon 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Drew University, 1998 
520    This study is an inquiry into the lexical meanings of 
       terms used to refer to persons at different stages of the 
       human life cycle in the Hebrew Bible. The goal is not 
       merely to define such terms in the traditional manner but 
       to understand them from the perspective of the semantic 
       domain of the life cycle. Does the Hebrew term na'ar, for 
       example, refer to "a male person between puberty and 
520    As a first step, the nature and theory of lexical meaning 
       is explored in the first chapter through a historical 
       survey from the debate on the nature of meaning among the 
       Greeks, to the lexicography of the medieval Jewish 
       grammarians, to the contributions of the modern linguistic
       period. With the advent of a number of new biblical 
       dictionaries with distinctly, different approaches, a sub-
       topic of interest is also a comparative study of 
       lexicography from Wilhelm Gesenius to David A. Clines. In 
       order to ground the work in some basis in realia, the 
       second chapter is devoted to a reconstruction of the life 
       cycle from such other data as ancient Near Eastern 
       sapiential texts, biblical texts, archaeological and 
       sociological information 
520    The remaining three chapters are devoted to semantic 
       studies of terms for the life phases of the young, the 
       mature and the aged, respectively. Not all terms are 
       studied but only a small sampling as an initial project. 
       Terms for the young which are specifically treated are 
       na'ar, yeled and tap, for the mature: 'i s, 'adam and 
       geber, for the aged: zaqen, $\acute s\sp{e}ba$ 'yami m, 
       ba' bayyami m and seba tobah. In these semantic studies, 
       the contributions and techniques of modern linguistics are
       employed in a fulsome way including syntagmatic analysis, 
       componential analysis and semantic domain study. Among the
       conclusions reached are (1) while a very complex term, 
       na'ar can be used to refer to a "male person between 
       puberty and just before marriage," (2) tap turns out not 
       to be a life cycle term after all but a family term, (3) 
       'i s and geber are very similar in meaning and usage, (4) 
       the expressions, $\acute s\sp{e}\bar ba$ 'yami m, ba' 
       bayyami m and seba tobah all refer to an advanced phase of
       old age well beyond the norm, ("extreme old age"). A table
       of the "Language of the Life Cycle in Biblical Israel" 
       concludes the study as well as a glossary of linguistic 
590    School code: 0064 
590    DDC 
650  4 Language, Linguistics 
650  4 Religion, Biblical Studies 
650  4 Anthropology, Cultural 
690    0290 
690    0321 
690    0326 
710 2  Drew University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g59-09A 
856 40 |u