MARC 主機 00000nam  2200373   4500 
001    AAI3298629 
005    20080827161314.5 
008    080827s2008    ||||||||||||||||| ||spa d 
020    9780549427438 
035    (UMI)AAI3298629 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Espinosa Estrada, Guillermo 
245 10 Intellectuals and Mexican satirical literature of the 
       twentieth century 
300    186 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 69-
       01, Section: A, page: 0229 
500    Adviser:  Adela Pineda 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Boston University, 2008 
520    This dissertation studies the representation of Mexican 
       intellectuals in three twentieth-century satirical texts: 
       Satira (1970) by Salvador Novo, Memorias de Espana 1937 
       (1992) by Elena Garro, and El miedo a los animates (1995) 
       by Enrique Sema. By analyzing these texts, I explore the 
       formation and functioning of intellectual elites in Mexico,
       particularly during transitional periods when conflicts 
       between the artistic, the political, and the socioeconomic
       orders were taking place. These works exhibit a wide range
       of internal positions, interests, and influences among 
       intellectuals vis-a-vis Mexico's cultural and political 
520    This dissertation makes use of two major approaches to 
       intellectuality and intellectuals, those of Karl Mannheim 
       and Alan Knight. For Knight, intellectuals are purveyors 
       of ideology, leaders of all-encompassing cultural projects
       which were central to the consolidation of post-
       revolutionary regimes in Mexico. Furthermore, the 
       dissertation relies on the definition of satire by 
       Northrop Frye. According to Frye, Satire is not a literary
       genre but an "attitude". Writers deploy this attitude by 
       developing literary strategies in order to excite laughter
       in their audience against their opponents 
520    Through my analysis, I show that these writers use satire 
       in order to carry out a frontal attack on specific 
       intellectuals within the Mexican cultural establishment of
       their times; however, they tackle broader questions on the
       role of intellectuals in society as well. Novo satirizes 
       the compromised position of art vis-a-vis state patronage 
       and consumerism after the Mexican Revolution. Garro 
       addresses her satire towards the ethical quest of Marxist-
       oriented Mexican intellectuals in Spain, during the 
       Spanish Civil War, as in Mexico, during the 1968 political
       upheaval. Her satire is an attempt to unmask the political
       opportunism of these empowered mid-century intellectuals 
520    Finally, Serna explores the questionable role of 
       intellectuals during the late PRI rule in Mexico. 
       According to Serna, a way to achieve cultural autonomy 
       from the State is through market. Finally, this 
       dissertation tests the limits of satire as a subversive 
       weapon against hegemonic culture and power. Satire is 
       certainly a means to measure the degrees of tolerance and 
       opposition that intellectuals in Mexico held against and 
       within the dominant cultural and political order 
590    School code: 0017 
590    DDC 
650  4 Literature, Modern 
650  4 Literature, Latin American 
690    0298 
690    0312 
710 2  Boston University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g69-01A 
856 40 |u