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作者 Figueroa, Carlos
書名 Pragmatic Quakerism in U.S. imperialism: The Lake Mohonk Conference, the Philippines and Puerto Rico in American political thought and policy development, 1898--1917
國際標準書號 9781124135168
book jacket
說明 266 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 71-09, Section: A, page: 3407
Adviser: Victoria C. Hattam
Thesis (Ph.D.)--New School University, 2010
In 1904, the Lake Mohonk Conference of Friends of the Indian and Other Dependent Peoples (LMC) expanded its non-governmental institutional scope from discussing U.S. Indian relations, and briefly the Negro problem, to dealing with U.S. insular territorial policies toward the Philippines and Puerto Rico. LMC founder Hicksite Quaker Albert K. Smiley and other pragmatic Quakers associated with the LMC placed U.S. insular territorial policy debates under the racialized category "Other Dependent Peoples." In this study, I explore the institutional, ideological, and historical impact of the Quaker LMC in U.S. national political life by situating it within three contexts: U.S. Quaker and social gospel movements, progressive reform politics, and the development of modern U.S. imperialism in the years between 1898 and 1917. I show how the Quaker LMC accomplished its ecumenical and political objectives by relying on what I call a pragmatic Quakerism approach to managing nonwhite peoples that drew from deep rooted Quaker testimonies, methods, and values; its own non-governmental institutional characteristics; and the practical lived experiences of elite members. Through original archival research, historical analysis and textual exegesis, I also demonstrate the extent to which the LMC served a mediating role in national debates over U.S. territorial relations with the Philippines and Puerto Rico in the early 20th century. Thus, I argue the LMC relied on Quaker beliefs and methods, pragmatism and evolutionary racialist assumptions to guide U.S. political discourses on insular territorial policies (citizenship and self-government) while settling seemingly irreconcilable ideological tensions between liberal democratic ideals and illiberal non-democratic actions
Some scholars have more recently begun to include religion and race, although often treated separately, in their accounts of early 20th century U.S. imperialist state development. Yet, these few scholars who have taken seriously the role of religion or religious beliefs in American political life, most often do so by emphasizing the Protestant-Catholic historical dynamic. Placing their accounts within this familiar framework undervalues the importance of Quakerism or Quaker beliefs, practices and methods in American political thought and policy development. The exclusion of Quakerism in the political science literature on citizenship and U.S. -- territorial relations ignores how Quakers' reliance on "Inner Light" spirituality and its traditional testimonies fueled pragmatic and humanitarian political action, influencing U.S. public discourses and policymaking since the late 18 th century. Moreover, ignoring the work of pragmatic Quakers at the LMC in early 20th century U.S. political development also overlooks how religious beliefs and racial thought are intertwined in the politics over insular territorial race relations, suggesting a broader white-nonwhite context beyond the more familiar black-white framework
The study contributes to scholarly and policy debates over immigration, citizenship, and territorial sovereignty that are premised in moral-religious-racial grounds. Studying the interventions of the Quaker LMC into U.S. insular territorial policies affords the opportunity to understand the depth and breadth of how U.S. national leaders often engage the politics of "dependent peoples" and the subsequent extension of citizenship, and self-government. Thus, I hope to follow recent work that takes seriously the role of race, religion and institutional politics in American political thought and policy development
School code: 1430
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 71-09A
主題 Religion, General
American Studies
Political Science, General
Alt Author New School University. Political Science
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