MARC 主機 00000nam  2200421   4500 
001    AAI3413175 
005    20110927081948.5 
008    110927s2010    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9781124135168 
035    (UMI)AAI3413175 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Figueroa, Carlos 
245 10 Pragmatic Quakerism in U.S. imperialism: The Lake Mohonk 
       Conference, the Philippines and Puerto Rico in American 
       political thought and policy development, 1898--1917 
300    266 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 71-
       09, Section: A, page: 3407 
500    Adviser: Victoria C. Hattam 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--New School University, 2010 
520    In 1904, the Lake Mohonk Conference of Friends of the 
       Indian and Other Dependent Peoples (LMC) expanded its non-
       governmental institutional scope from discussing U.S. 
       Indian relations, and briefly the Negro problem, to 
       dealing with U.S. insular territorial policies toward the 
       Philippines and Puerto Rico. LMC founder Hicksite Quaker 
       Albert K. Smiley and other pragmatic Quakers associated 
       with the LMC placed U.S. insular territorial policy 
       debates under the racialized category "Other Dependent 
       Peoples." In this study, I explore the institutional, 
       ideological, and historical impact of the Quaker LMC in 
       U.S. national political life by situating it within three 
       contexts: U.S. Quaker and social gospel movements, 
       progressive reform politics, and the development of modern
       U.S. imperialism in the years between 1898 and 1917. I 
       show how the Quaker LMC accomplished its ecumenical and 
       political objectives by relying on what I call a pragmatic
       Quakerism approach to managing nonwhite peoples that drew 
       from deep rooted Quaker testimonies, methods, and values; 
       its own non-governmental institutional characteristics; 
       and the practical lived experiences of elite members. 
       Through original archival research, historical analysis 
       and textual exegesis, I also demonstrate the extent to 
       which the LMC served a mediating role in national debates 
       over U.S. territorial relations with the Philippines and 
       Puerto Rico in the early 20th century. Thus, I argue the 
       LMC relied on Quaker beliefs and methods, pragmatism and 
       evolutionary racialist assumptions to guide U.S. political
       discourses on insular territorial policies (citizenship 
       and self-government) while settling seemingly 
       irreconcilable ideological tensions between liberal 
       democratic ideals and illiberal non-democratic actions 
520    Some scholars have more recently begun to include religion
       and race, although often treated separately, in their 
       accounts of early 20th  century U.S. imperialist state 
       development. Yet, these few scholars who have taken 
       seriously the role of religion or religious beliefs  in 
       American political life, most often do so by emphasizing 
       the Protestant-Catholic historical dynamic. Placing their 
       accounts within this familiar framework undervalues the 
       importance of Quakerism or Quaker beliefs, practices and 
       methods in American political thought and policy 
       development. The exclusion of Quakerism in the political 
       science literature on citizenship and U.S. -- territorial 
       relations ignores how Quakers' reliance on "Inner Light" 
       spirituality and its traditional testimonies fueled 
       pragmatic and humanitarian political action, influencing 
       U.S. public discourses and policymaking since the late 18 
       th century. Moreover, ignoring the work of pragmatic 
       Quakers at the LMC in early 20th century U.S. political 
       development also overlooks how religious beliefs and 
       racial thought are intertwined in the politics over 
       insular territorial race relations, suggesting a broader 
       white-nonwhite context beyond the more familiar black-
       white framework 
520    The study contributes to scholarly and policy debates over
       immigration, citizenship, and territorial sovereignty that
       are premised in moral-religious-racial grounds. Studying 
       the interventions of the Quaker LMC into U.S. insular 
       territorial policies affords the opportunity to understand
       the depth and breadth of how U.S. national leaders often 
       engage the politics of "dependent peoples" and the 
       subsequent extension of citizenship, and self-government. 
       Thus, I hope to follow recent work that takes seriously 
       the role of  race, religion and institutional politics in 
       American political thought and policy development 
590    School code: 1430 
650  4 Religion, General 
650  4 American Studies 
650  4 Political Science, General 
690    0318 
690    0323 
690    0615 
710 2  New School University.|bPolitical Science 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g71-09A 
856 40 |u