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100 1  Friedlander, Jacqueline Lee 
245 10 Psychiatrists and crisis in Russia, 1880--1917 
300    451 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 68-
       08, Section: A, page: 3555 
500    Advisers:  Irina Paperno; Yuri Slezkine 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Berkeley, 2007 
520    World War I has often been described as the starting point
       for the recognition and development of ideas about 
       psychological trauma, which were crucial for the 
       development of psychiatry and patient care in the Western 
       world. Inasmuch as Russian psychiatrists and neurologists 
       went into the First World War with the experiences of 
       large numbers of battlefield breakdowns, during the Russo-
       Japanese war (1904-1905) and the 1905 revolution, which 
       produced a large number of mental breakdowns, presents 
       special interest to historians of psychiatry 
520    This dissertation examines the responses of Russian 
       psychiatrists and neurologist to three crises of the early
       twentieth century: the Russo-Japanese war (1904-1905), the
       1905 revolution, and World War I. Based on the medical 
       literature of the time, the dissertation brings together 
       an investigation of how the combined discipline of 
       psychiatry-neurology developed as a medical specialty in 
       the late nineteenth and an analysis of the ideas about 
       psychological trauma that specialists developed during 
       each of late Imperial Russia's crises. I argue that the 
       evolution of psychiatry-neurology as a distinct branch of 
       medicine and the development of ideas about psychological 
       trauma were inextricably interwoven. Psychiatric 
       institutions, especially the university psychiatric clinic,
       provided the context in which specialists developed the 
       practical interventions for and conceptual interpretations
       of mental and nervous illnesses that an increasing number 
       of them came to believe were the result of overwhelming 
       events. Thus, like their colleagues across Europe, Russian
       specialists in mental medicine were fascinated by 
       hypnotism and suggestive therapeutics in the last decades 
       of the nineteenth century. Their theoretical and practical
       work on hypnotism provided the intellectual background, in
       particular the development of a holistic, psycho-
       physiological model of mind-body response to the outside 
       environment, that helped psychiatrists analyze responses 
       to overwhelming events at the beginning of the twentieth 
       century. Specialists explained their patients' 
       pathological responses to overwhelming events in several 
       different ways. Some specialists tightly linked 
       psychogenic illness to predisposition, but these were in 
       the minority. Exploring the possibility that people 
       without predisposition could fall ill with mental or 
       functional nervous illnesses, most psychiatrists and 
       neurologists concluded that this was indeed possible, 
       especially when both physical and psychological stressors 
       came together to disrupt the psycho-physiological 
       equilibrium of normal subjects. This dissertation provides
       a detailed description of diagnostic procedures, 
       conceptual moves, professional debates, and practical 
       strategies of patient care used by Russian psychiatrists 
       and neurologists during the early stages of the 
       development of this specialty in their attempts to cope 
       with the extraordinary social circumstances that befell 
590    School code: 0028 
590    DDC 
650  4 History, Modern 
650  4 History, Russian and Soviet 
690    0582 
690    0724 
710 2  University of California, Berkeley 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g68-08A 
856 40 |u