MARC 主機 00000nam  2200337   4500 
001    AAI3285084 
005    20101022145940.5 
008    101022s2007    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9780549264705 
035    (UMI)AAI3285084 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Greenberg, Joy Pastan 
245 10 Early childhood education and care policies and children's
       care arrangements from 1991--2005: Evidence from the 
       National Household Education Survey 
300    145 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 68-
       09, Section: A, page: 4070 
500    Adviser: Jane Waldfogel 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Columbia University, 2007 
520    In anticipation of increased demand for early childhood 
       education and care programs created by welfare reform 
       policies, policy makers substantially increased funding 
       for early childhood education and care assistance during 
       the 1990s. Policies such as means-tested child care 
       subsidies, prekindergarten initiatives, and compensatory 
       preschool education, can affect the range of options 
       parents face in arranging early childhood education and 
       care programs for their children. Under the best of 
       scenarios, such policies would increase the enrollment of 
       low-income children into more formal care settings such as
       center-based care 
520    This study analyzes data on early childhood education and 
       care enrollment from the National Household Education 
       Surveys of 1991, 1995, 1999, 2001 and 2005. The results 
       indicate that increased public funding of early childhood 
       education and care programs did increase the likelihood 
       that low-income children attend more formal care 
       arrangements and for more hours. Given the high cost of 
       early childhood education and care programs which 
       contributes to continued significant disparities in access
       and quality in the type of care received, this study 
       suggests that increased public funding may help lessen 
       these disparities. If so, such funding would help close 
       the gap in enrollment between these children and their 
       more affluent counterparts and might also help more low-
       income children prepare for school 
590    School code: 0054 
650  4 Social Work 
650  4 Sociology, Public and Social Welfare 
690    0452 
690    0630 
710 2  Columbia University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g68-09A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/
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