Record:   Prev Next
作者 GREENE, JEFFREY ROBERT
書名 A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF TWO RECREATIONAL INTERVENTIONS ON VARIOUS ASPECTS OF ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR AND SELF-CONCEPT AMONG MALE ADOLESCENT OFFENDERS WITH MILD MENTAL RETARDATION IN RESIDENTIAL TREATMENT
說明 150 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 48-07, Section: B, page: 2116
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Ohio State University, 1987
The present study compared the effects of two recreational interventions--judo training and socialization games--on the adaptive behavior of 20 male adolescent offenders with mild mental retardation living in a community-based residential treatment facility
After being assigned to matched pairs on the basis of age and length of residential placement, half were assigned to a judo training treatment and half to a socialization games treatment. Pre- and post-test data regarding the adaptive behavior levels of the subjects were obtained from the residential staff's completion of the AAMD Adaptive Behavior Scale. Data concerning the overall self-concept of each participant was gathered from a group administration of the Tennessee Self Concept Scale
Results of the investigation indicated that: (1) both interventions were successful vehicles for reducing maladaptive behavior; (2) subjects in the judo treatment demonstrated a greater reduction in extrapunitive behavior than their counterparts in the socialization games condition (p =.001); (3) subjects in the judo treatment demonstrated a greater reduction in intrapunitive behavior than those in the socialization games condition (p =.005); (4) self-concept levels of the subjects in the judo treatment appeared to improve after 20 weeks, but the improvement was not statistically significant; (5) both treatment conditions demonstrated a significant reduction in withdrawal behavior (p =.05); and (6) the subjects in the judo treatment demonstrated a greater reduction in those behaviors suggestive of psychological disturbances than the subjects in the socialization games condition (p =.001). Although both interventions resulted in a reduction of maladaptive behavior, it was demonstrated that judo training was the more effective intervention. This may be due to the fact that a martial arts-based perceptual-motor training program seems to increase those behaviors which are related to personal and social motivation. Furthermore, it was recommended that judo training be seriously considered as an inexpensive experiential treatment modality when program developers are planning treatment programs for juvenile offenders with mild mental retardation. Not only does the gross motor aspects of judo training appear to connect well with the physical orientation of a delinquent population, but the martial nature of judo appears to institutionalize the delinquent person's behavior and work toward their strength. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)
School code: 0168
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 48-07B
主題 Psychology, Developmental
0620
Alt Author The Ohio State University
Record:   Prev Next