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作者 Gumienny, Leslie A
書名 Predictors of intimate partner violence in women's sexual minority relationships
國際標準書號 9781124342979
book jacket
說明 125 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-01, Section: A, page: 0320
Adviser: Michelle L. Kelley
Thesis (Psy.D.)--Virginia Consortium for Professional Psychology (Old Dominion University), 2010
Studies have revealed the percentage of lesbian women who have experienced intimate partner violence ranges from 30 to 51% (Bernhard, 2000; Miller, Green, Causby, White, & Lockhart, 2001; West, 2002). Given that intimate partner violence in sexual minority women is a prevalent problem in the United States, empirical research on factors that may contribute to violence in same-sex female relationships is needed. The purpose of the present study was to examine variables that have been identified in heterosexual couples (i.e., exposure to interparental violence, experiences of childhood physical abuse, experiences of childhood emotional abuse, and utilization of power and control tactics) and factors that may be more germane to violence among sexual minority women (i.e., internalized homophobia and fusion) as related to women's reports of perpetration of physical and psychological aggression in same sex relationships
Participants were 186 women ranging in age from 18 to 72 (M = 29.8 years; SD = 12.1 years) who reported they had been in a romantic relationship with a woman in the past year. Of these, 110 (59.1%) self-identified as lesbian; 62 (33.3%) self-identified as bisexual. Participants completed the online, anonymous survey regarding their most recent romantic relationship with a woman in the past year
Two stepwise regressions were conducted to identify predictors of intimate partner violence perpetration in same-sex female romantic relationships. A combination of power and control tactics, exposure to interparental physical violence, and internalized homophobia predicted participants' reports of the perpetration of physical aggression, and a combination of relationship fusion, internalized homophobia, and exposure to interparental physical violence significantly predicted perpetration of psychological aggression in same-sex female romantic relationships
Results of the present study suggest that both variables identified in studies of heterosexual couples and variables more relevant to sexual minority women are associated with women's reports of perpetration of physical and psychological relationship aggression. These results suggest that mental health treatment to reduce relationship aggression among sexual minority women should address correlates of relationship aggression identified in heterosexual couples, such as exposure to interparental physical violence, as well as variables that may be more central to sexual minority women
School code: 0824
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 72-01A
主題 Psychology, Social
Women's Studies
GLBT Studies
Sociology, Criminology and Penology
Alt Author Virginia Consortium for Professional Psychology (Old Dominion University)
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