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作者 Hammami, Rema Eva
書名 Between Heaven and Earth: Transformations in religiosity and labor among southern Palestinian peasant and refugee women, 1920-1993
說明 355 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 55-12, Section: A, page: 3898
Major Adviser: Tom Patterson
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Temple University, 1994
This dissertation attempts to displace contemporary approaches to the anthropological study of Islam and in so doing offers a historically more grounded conceptual alternative to the existing literature on Islam and women. This is achieved by focusing on the discourses and practices of religiosity and work among peasant women in southern coastal Palestine from the late nineteenth century to their transformation among refugees in the Gaza Strip in the aftermath of the war of 1948. In this periodization we can distinguish four distinct phases of women's religiosity: In the pre-Mandate period, peasant women's religiosity was primarily organized around saints and saints shrines, and it was through this tradition that they apprehended textual Islam and Sufism; with the advent of proletarianization and literacy during the British Mandate, the textual tradition was increasingly valorized within the peasantry in a manner which led to open contestation between men and women over what constituted correct religious practice, although the saint shrine tradition still remained predominant until the Nasserist period; the saint shrine and Sufi traditions which had been a means to reproduce village identities and to deal with the trauma of loss during the initial refugee period, were marginalized after 1952 through the Nasserist control of the public schools as the site of religious dispositions and through the mobilization of the textual tradition to create a nationalist identity of subject-citizens; following the 1967 Israeli occupation, there was a developing Islamicist political trend which became powerful during the Palestinian uprising of 1987, when the Islamicists were able to impose elements of their gender ideology through confabulating them with nationalism. Women's discourses and practices of labor are analyzed in the context of the political economy in which they took place throughout the different periodizations. The discourse of peasant women's labor as an important supplement to the main household subsistence is traced as it was re-constituted in Gaza as being a supplement to male rations. During the Israeli occupation this discourse became the means to justify the exploitation of women as workers in sweatshops engaged in subcontracting to Israeli industry
School code: 0225
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 55-12A
主題 Anthropology, Cultural
History, Middle Eastern
0326
0333
Alt Author Temple University
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