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作者 Hammar, Lawrence James
書名 Sex and political economy in the South Fly: Daru island, Western Province, Papua New Guinea
說明 633 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 57-02, Section: A, page: 0739
Adviser: Shirley Lindenbaum
Thesis (Ph.D.)--City University of New York, 1996
This dissertation recounts the results of ethnographic research carried out on Daru island, capital of Western Province, Papua New Guinea. Using various research instruments and strategies--among them, participant/observation, structured interviews, systematic observation, recorded sexual life history interviews, and archival research--I stake out the ethnic, alcoholic, sexual, financial, and even symbolic parameters of a multi-faceted and deeply-entrenched sex industry. This sex industry appears to take several more or less distinct labor forms. Those include a "freelance" form, in which women sell sexual services for money, beer, and food themselves at various drinking establishments throughout the island; a "family" form, in which largely male relatives arrange and facilitate the sale of sexual services of their female relatives in exchange for beer and money; a "sex broker" form, in which various sex brokers arrange and facilitate sexual encounters in both directions. They find female drinking and sexual partners among a coherent cohort for businessmen, clerks, government officials, and villagers. To a lesser extent, they find paying male partners for those same women who indicate a desire to drink alcohol and earn money; and finally, a form known elsewhere in the country as tu kina bus, or two dollar bush prostitution, known on Daru by the term and locale: sagapari, or "small mangrove garden." I set the development and persistence of this sex industry within the context of several factors: the near complete and total absence of women's "sexual citizenship," the presence of several sexual double standards, and a high degree of non-consensual sex; mass migrations of some ethnic groups from their villages to Daru and to other sites of sex industries, namely timber camps and sawmills; contact with Westerners during and following the colonial period and the increasing commodification of goods and services; "cultural" factors which influence the participation historically of some ethnic groups over others in various kinds of prostitution; and several ecological, political, and economic crises occurring simultaneously throughout the region. This sex industry has a number of serious social and medical precursors and consequences, among them, barriers to greater condom usage, an increasing sexually transmitted disease (STD) caseload and a perhaps imminent explosion in transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This dissertation concludes by examining the fitness of anthropologists and anthropological theory to conduct the kind of sex research necessary to help stem the tide of future transmission and to intervene in similar sex industries
School code: 0046
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 57-02A
主題 Anthropology, Cultural
Health Sciences, Public Health
Alt Author City University of New York
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